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History Grade 7 Cold War

AB
USII.7b - After WWII, women left the workforce and returned to their families. Did they stay out of the workforce?No, the next generation of women re-entered the labor force in large numbers.
USII.7c -The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as:world powers or “superpowers”
USII.7c - What was the result of the he state of tension which developed between the two superpowers – the United States and the Soviet Union?A rivalry over ideology and national security which divided the world into two camps
USII.7c - The rivalry or state of tension that developed between the U.S. and the Soviet Union was called -the Cold War
USII.7c - How were the U.S. and the Soviet Union ideologically different?The United States was democratic and capitalist; the Soviet Union was dictatorial and communist
USII.7c - The United States was ____ and ____. In contrast, the Soviet Union was _____ and _____.democratic, capitalist; --dictatorial, communist
USII.7c - Among the causes of the Cold War were-differing ideologies; the Soviet domination of East Europe; U.S. policy of containment; NATO vs. Warsaw Pact military rivalry
USII.7c - What is “containment”?The U.S. policy aimed at stopping the spread of communism
USII.7c - Our allies in Europe formed a military alliance called:NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization
USII.7c - A military alliance of nations dominated by the Soviet Union was called:the Warsaw Pact
USII.7c - Since World War II, the United States has been directly involved in various Cold War conflicts such as -North/South Korea; Cuban Missile Crisis; Vietnam
USII.7c - Describe the Korean conflict.South Korea and the United States resisted Chinese and North Korean aggression. The conflict ended in a stalemate.
USII.7c - Describe the Cuban Missile Crisis.The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred when the Soviet Union tried to place missiles in Cuba. The Soviets removed the missiles in response to a U.S. blockade.
USII.7c - The United States intervened to stop the spread of _______ into South Vietnam.communism
USII.7c - According to the _____ Theory, if the U.S. did not intervene to prevent the spread of communism to South Vietnam, communism would spread throughout countries of Asia like falling dominoes.Domino
USII.7c - How did Cold War tensions cause divisiveness at home?Americans were divided over whether the United States should be involved militarily in Vietnam.
USII.7c - How did the war in Vietnam end?The conflict ended in a cease-fire agreement in which U.S. troops withdrew, but immediately after South Vietnam fell to communist forces.
USII.7c - The late 1980s, communism in Eastern Europe began to -collapse
USII.7c - What happened to the Soviet Union in the early 1990s?The Soviet Union broke up into independent countries.
USII.7c - What event signal became symbolic of the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe?the destruction of the Berlin Wall
USII.7c – What were some of the new challenges faced by the U.S. after the Cold War ended?Role of U.S. military intervention
USII.7d – Changes in society after WWII included expanded educational and economic opportunities for -military veterans, women and minorities
USII.7d - Name some of the factors leading to changes in US society after WWII.Strong economy; Greater investment in education; “The Baby Boom,” ; Interstate highway system; Evolving role of women - Role of Eleanor Roosevelt in expanding rights; African Americans’ aspirations for equal opportunities; Changes in makeup of immigrants
USII.7d - One of the factors leading to changes in US society after WWII was a strong US economy which was the result of -a healthy job market, increased productivity, increased demand for American products
USII.7d - When and what was “The Baby Boom”?After WWII, returning soldiers married and for the next decade or so, more babies than usual were born. A strong economy also contributed to the “baby boom”.
USII.7d - This president’s wife helped to helped to expand women’s rights.Eleanor Roosevelt
USII.7d - How did immigration change in the period after 1965?more Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans
USII.7d - What were some of the policies and programs that expanded educational and employment opportunities for minorities?The Civil Rights Movement resulted in legislation that ensured constitutional rights to all citizens regardless of race.
USII.8a - Women activists were inspired by the achievements of the ____ ____ ____ and took action to gain equality, particularly in the workplace.Civil Rights Movement
USII.8a - After World War II, women sought equality in the ______ .workplace
USII.8a - What were some effects of segregation on American society?Separate educational facilities and resources for white and African American students; Separate restrooms, drinking fountains, restaurants; Social isolation of races
USII.8a - The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson allowed schools and other facilities that were -“Separate but equal”
USII.8a - Which Supreme Court decision called for the desegregation of schools?Brown v. Board of Education
USII.8a - Who called for passive resistance against segregated schools?Martin Luther King, Jr.
USII.8a - Rosa Park’s actions resulted in the ____ bus boycott.Montgomery
USII.8a - What does NAACP stand for?National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
USII.8a - Which laws supported the struggle for equality for African Americans?Civil Rights Act of 1964; Voting Rights Act of 1965
USII.8a - How were women disadvantaged in the workplace?Discrimination in hiring practices against women; Lower wages for women than for men doing the same job
USII.8a - This organization campaigned for women’s rights -NOW – National Organization for Women
USII.8a - What actions were taken to improve conditions for women?Federal legislation to force colleges to give women equal athletic opportunities; focus on equal opportunity employment created a wider range of options and opportunities
USII.8a - What gave educational, housing, and employment benefits to World War II veterans?G.I. Bill of Rights
USII.8a – Which president desegregated the armed forces?Truman
USII.8a - _____ ___ ____ led to increased educational, economic, and political opportunities for women and minorities.Civil Rights legislation
USII.8b - Identify the industries that benefited the most from the new technologies of the second half of the twentieth century. Include the following:Airline industry—Jets; Auto industry and interstate highway system; Entertainment and news; Exploration of space; Computer industry; Satellite telecommunications; Internet
USII.8a What impact did the new technologies of the twentieth century have on American life?Increased travel; Greater access to information; Better and cheaper communication; Better heating and air conditioning; More widespread and even distribution throughout the country of access to communication technologies

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