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Pharmacy Sig Codes

Common abbreviations used in pharmacy and the medical field.

AB
APAPacetaminophen
ASAacetylsalicylic acid
capcapsule
elixelixir
FDAFood and Drug Administration
INHInhalor, Inhalation, isoniazid (anti-tubercular drug)
NSAID(s)nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug(s)
OTCover-the-counter
PDRPhysicians' Desk Reference
Rxprescription
suppsuppository
suspsuspension
tabtablet
tincttincture
USPUnited States Pharmacopeia
ungointment (unguent)
acbefore meals (ante cibum)
ad libas desired (ad libitum)
aqwater (aqua)
bidtwice a day, (bis in die)
gtt, gttsdrop(s) (gutta)
hsat bedtime (hora somni)
IMintramuscular(ly)
IUinternational unit
IVintravenous(ly)
IVPBIV piggyback
NSnormal saline
pafter, post
pcafter meals (post cibum)
poby mouth (per os)
prnas needed (pro re nata)
qdevery day (quaque die)
qhevery hour (quaque hora)
q______hevery_____hours
qidfour times a day (quater in die)
qmevery morning (quaque matin)
qodevery other day (quaque [other]die)
SC, sub-Q, SQsubcutaneous(ly)
tidthree times a day (ter in die)
Uunit(s)
xtimes, for
ASAPas soon as possible
bmbowel movement
BPblood pressure
cccubic centimeter
C02carbon dioxide
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
d/cdiscontinue, discharge
ECG, EKGelectrocardiogram
ERemergency room
FFahrenheit
hrhour
H20water
i1
ii2
iii3
iv4
v5
IDDMinsulin dependent diabetes mellitus
mgmilligram
mlmilliliter
NPOnothing by mouth
NTGnitroglycerin
O2oxygen
ODright eye
OSleft eye
OUboth eyes
ptpatient, pint
swithout
sxsymptoms
s/ssigns and symptoms
statimmediately, Now
SOBshortness of breath
tabtablet
>greater than
<less than
ammorning
amtamount
NPONothing by mouth
CBCcomplete blood count
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
/per (example - "Max 5/12 h" = "maximum of 5 per 12 hours")
Increase
Decrease
µMicro
µgMicroGram
¼ NS0.22% Normal Saline
½ NS0.45% Normal Saline
Q12°every 12 hours
Q4°every 4 hours
5x/dfive times a day
abefore
AMAAmerican Medical Association
AAAffected Area, Amino Acids
ACE Inhibitorsangiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (medication classification)
ADRight Ear
ADDattention deficit disorder
ADHDattention deficit and hyperactivity disorder
AftAfternoon
AIDSAcquired immune deficiency syndrome
AmpAmpule, Ampoule
ASLeft Ear
ATCAround the Clock
AUBoth Ears
BBBBlood Brain Barrier
BCBirth Control
BSABody Surface Area
cwith
C & CCough and Congestion
CaCalcium, Cancer
CaCO3calcium carbonate
CADcoronary artery disease
CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
CFcystic fibrosis
CHFcongestive heart failure
CLChlorine, Chloride
CMCentimeter
CMPDCompound
CNSCentral Nervous System
CO2Carbon Dioxide
CODCodiene
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPChest pain
CRCream. Controled Release
dday, daily
D51/2NS5% Dextrose & 0.45% NS
D5W5% dextrose in water
DexDextrose
DAWDispense as Written (no generic)
DispDispense
DMdiabetes mellitus
DNSDo Not Substitute
DOBDate of Birth
DSDouble Strength, Days Supply
DxDiagnosis
ECEnteric Coated
EDEmergency Department, Erectile Dysfunction
EDSEstimated Days Supply
EESerythromycin ethylsuccinate
ElixElixer
EMSemergency medical service
ENTEar nose throat
EPOepoietin alfa, erythropoietin, Epogen, Procrit
ERemergency room, Extended Release
ETOH(ethyl) alcohol (alcohol you drink)
FEIron
FeSO4ferrous sulfate (iron)
fl. oz.fluidounce
GGram
GMGram
grgrain
galGallon
GERDgastroesophageal reflux disease
GHGrowth Hormone
GIGERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI TubeGastrointestinal Tube
GSWGun Shot Wound
hhour
HxHistory
H2OWater
H2O2hydrogen peroxide
HAHeadache
HBPHigh Blood Pressure
HCTZhydrochlorothiazide
HDHigh Dose
HIVHuman Immunodeficiency Virus
HPVHuman Papilloma Virus
HRTHormone replacement therapy
ERTEstrogen Replacement Therapy
HTNHypertension
HClHydrochloride
IBWIdeal Body Weight
ICUIntensive Care Unit
IDIntadermal
InfInfection
Injinjection
ITIntrathecal
IUDintrauterine device
IVPBIntravenous Piggy Back
K, K+Potassium
K, KGKilogram
LLiter
LALong Acting
LBPound
#quantity, pound
LiqLiquid
LotLotion
LRlactated Ringer’s solution
MMeter
MAOI'smonoamine oxidase inhibitors
mcgMicrogram
MDImetered dose inhaler
mEqMilliequivalent
Mg, Mg++magnesium
MgSO4magnesium sulfate
MImyocardial infarction
MinMinimum, Minute
mLMilliliter
MOMmilk of magnesia
MSO4morphine sulfate
MTXMethotrexate (anti cancer drug)
MVIMulti-Vitamin Injection
N/V, N&Vnausea and vomiting
Na, Na+Sodium
NaClSodium Chloride (Normal Saline
NebNebulizer
NG TubeNasal Gastric Tube
NKANo Known Allergies
NKDANo Known Drug Allergies
NOCTEvening, Night
NRNo Refills (Do not repeat)
NS0.9% Normal Saline (Sodium Chloride )
NTENot to Exceed
O2Oxygen
OCoral contraceptive
OintOintment
OMOtitis Media
OROperating Room
OTCOver the Counter
ozOunce
prRectaly
pvVaginally
pcnpenicillin
tcntetracycline
PMEvening
PTUpropylthiouracil
Qevery
QSQuantity sufficient (Give/add enough to equal)
qamevery morning
QHSat bedtime (every night at bedtime)
QTquart
ROARoute of Administration
RBCRed Blood Cell
SigDirections, Signature
SLSublingually (Under the tongue)
SMX/TMP, SMZ/TMPsulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim
SOLSolution
SRSlow or Sustained Release
ss1/2, single strength
SSRIselective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
STDsexually transmitted disease
SuppSuppository
SuspSuspension
Syp, SyrSyrup
TACtriamcinolone
Tbs, tble, TTablespoonful
BIWTwice a week, every 2 weeks
TIWThree times a week
TopTopically
TPNtotal parenteral nutrition
TRTime Release
tsp, tTeaspoonful
TxTreatment
UDAs Directed
URIupper respiratory infection
LWiLowwer respiratory infection
UTIUrinary Tract Infection
W, WkWeek, Weekly
W/With
W/OWithout
WBCwhite blood cell (count)
WtWeight
x3dfor 3 days (or maybe 3 doses, caution)
XLextended release
XRextended release
yryear
ZnZinc
ΔChange


Pharmacy Technician Instructor
CA

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