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Respiratory System Pathology & Procedures #1

AB
16-20Normal breaths per minute for adults
AnoxiaAbsence of oxygen.
AnthracosisAbnormal condition of dust in the lungs after exposure to coal dust
AphoniaLoss of the ability to produce normal speech sounds.
ApneaAbsence of spontaneous respiration.
AsbestosisAbnormal condition of dust in the lungs after exposure to asbestos particles
AsphyxiationInterruption of breathing that may result in loss of consciousness or death.
AspirationWithdrawal by suction of fluids or gases from a body cavity.
AsthmaBronchial airway obstruction.
AtelectasisIncomplete expansion of a lung; collapsed lung.
AuscultationListening to sounds within the body with a stethoscope.
BradypneaSlow rate of respiration (less than 10 breaths per minute).
BronchitisInflammation of the bronchial tubes.
BronchoconstrictorAgent that narrows the bronchi.
BronchodilatorDrug that expands the bronchi by relaxing muscle
BronchoscopyVisual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope.
ByssinosisAbnormal condition of dust in the lungs after exposure to cotton, flax or hemp dust
Chest X-rayX-ray picture of the chest (PA and Lateral).
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary DiseaseCOPD
COPDExpiratory flow of air is slowed.
CroupAcute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness and a barking cough.
CT scanComputerized Tomography of body part or organ.
CyanosisBluish discoloration of the skin caused by lack of oxygen.
Cystic FibrosisInherited disease of the exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction.
DysphoniaHoarseness
DyspneaDifficult breathing
EmphysemaProgressive loss of lung function caused by enlargement of the alveoli. As they enlarge, the alveoli become less elastic, lose their ability to expel air and eventually rupture. Breathing becomes increasingly rapid, shallow and difficult.
EmpyemaAccumulation of pus in the pleural cavity.
EmpyemaAlso known as pyothorax
Endotracheal IntubationInsertion of a tube through the mouth, pharynx and larynx to the trachea, to establish an airway.
EpistaxisNosebleed.
EupneaNormal breathing.
HemoptysisSpitting blood, originating from bronchi or lungs.
HemothoraxBlood in the pleural cavity.
HyperpneaAbnormal increase in the depth and rate of respiratory movements.
HyperventilationRapid deep breathing, resulting in decreased levels of carbon dioxide.
HypopneaDecreased rate and depth of breathing.


Clinical and Classroom Instructor
Clearfield County Career & Technology Center
Clearfield, PA

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