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Pharmacology Abbreviations

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Abbreviations commonly used in prescription and medication orders

AB
aa.of each
a.c.before meals
adup to
a.d.right ear
ad lib.at pleasure, freely
a.m.morning
amp.ampule
aq.water
a.s.left ear
ASAaspirin
ATCaround the clock
a.u.each ear
b.i.d.twice a day
BMbowel movement
BPblood pressure
BSblood sugar
BSAbody surface area
c.with
cap.capsule
cc. or cccubic centimeter
CHFcongestive heart failure
comp.compound
dil.dilute
disc or D. C.discontinue
disp.dispense
div.divide
d.t.d.give of such doses
DWdistilled water
D5Wdextrose 5% in water
elix.elixir
e.m.p.as directed
etand
ex aq.in water
fl or fldfluid
ft.make
g. or Gm. or ggram
gr. or grgrain
gtt.drop
Hhypodermic
h. or hr.hour
HAheadache
HBPhigh blood pressure
HChydrocortisone
h.s.at bedtime
HThypertension
IDintradermal
IMintramuscular
inj.injection
IVintravenous
IVPintravenous push
IVBPintravenous piggy back
LCDcoal tar solution
M.mix
m2 or M2square meter
mcg. or mcgmicrogram
mEqmilliequivalent
mg. or mgmilligram
ml. or mlmilliliter
mOsm or mOsmolmilliosmol
MSmorphine sulfate
N&Vnausea and vomiting
NFNational Formulary
NMTnot more than
noct.night
non rep. or N.R.do not repeat
NPOnothing by mouth
N.S. or NSnormal saline
1/2 NShalf-strength normal saline
NTGnitroglycerin
O.pint
o.d.right eye
oint.ointment
o.l.left eye
o.s.right eye
o.u.each eye
o2both eyes
p.c.after meals
p.m.afternoon, evening
p.o.by mouth
p.r.n.as needed
pulv.powder
qevery
qdevery day
qhevery hour
qidfour times a day
qodevery other day
qsa sufficient quantity
qs ada sufficient quantity to make
Rrectal
R.L. or R/LRinger's Lactate
s.without
Sig.write on label
SLsublingual
SOBshortness of breath
sol.solution
s.o.s.if there is need
ss.one-half
stat.immediately
subc or subq or s.c.subcutaneously
sup.suppository
susp.suspension
syr.syrup
tab.tablet
tal.such
tal. dos.such doses
tbsptablespoonful
tidthree times a day
tiwthree times a week
toptopically
TPNtotal parenteral nutrition
tr.tincture
tsp.teaspoonful
U or uunit
u.d. or ut dictas directed
ung.ointment
URIupper respiratory infection
USPUnited States Pharmacopeia
UTIurinary tract infection
VSvital signs
w/with
WBCwhite blood cell count
w/owithout
Xtimes
y.o.year old
ZnOzinc oxide

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