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USII.2a-c THE GREAT PLAINS FLASHCARDS - (copy)

AB
What was the Homestead Act of 1862?The law gave 160 acres of land to those willing to farm on the Great Plains for five years.
What were sod houses?Houses used by settlers on the plains, made from packed dirt held together by roots and cut into squares.
Why, before the Civil War, were the Great Plains considered a "treeless wasteland"?People thought the frequent dust storms and tough dry soil made the Great Plains unsuitable for farming.
How did perceptions of the Great Plains change in the mid to late 1800s?New technologies changed people's perceptions of the Great Plains. They began to view the Great Plains not as a "treeless wasteland" but as a vast area to be settled.
Describe the features and climate of the Great Plains.Flatlands that rise gradually from east to west; land eroded by wind and water; low rainfall; frequent dust storms.
List some of the new technologies that encouraged settlement of the Great Plains.The transcontinental railroad opened up the region; steel plows and dry farming techniques allowed farmers to grow wheat in the hard, dry soil; windmills pumped water from the ground; barbed wire kept cattle away from crops.
Describe the development and importance of the transcontinental railroad.The transcontinental railroad linked smaller railroads into one line that ran from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. It opened up the vast interior of the U.S. to settlers and boosted the economy by carrying resources to manufacturing areas and goods to consumers around the country.
How did people adapt to life on the Great Plains?They lived in sod houses (packed dirt), used steel plows to cut through thick sod and grew new strains of wheat with dry-farming techniques and windmill-powered pumps; they used barbed wire fences to protect their fields from grazing cattle.
What were some of the challenges faced by early farmers on the Great Plains?Bitter cold winters, low rainfall, drought and dust storms. Tough, hard soil eroded by fierce winds and dust storms that was generally considered unsuitable for farming.
What population center became the center of the steel manufacturing industry?Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
What area was the center of textile (cloth and clothing) manufacturing?New England
What city was the center of the meat-packing industry in the late 1800s?Chicago, Illinois
What city became the center of the automobile industry?Detroit, Michigan
Name the states of the Northeast Region.Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Name the states of the Midwest Region.Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota
Name the states of the Southwest Region.Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona
Name the states of the Southeast Region.Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas
Name the states of the Rocky Mountains Region.Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho
Name the states of the Pacific Region.Washington, Oregon, California
Name the Noncontiguous states.Alaska, Hawaii

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