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USII Flashcards

AB
USII.2a - What are the physical features and climate of the Great Plains?, Flatlands that rise gradually from east to west; Land eroded by wind and water; Low rainfall; Frequent dust storms
USII.2a - Before the Civil War, how did people view the Great Plains?, The area was considered a "treeless wasteland" - not a good place to settle.
USII.2a - How did perceptions of the Great Plains change after the Civil War?, New technologies allowed people to see the Great Plains not as a “treeless wasteland” but as a vast area to be settled
USII.2a - What were some of the technologies and inventions that allowed people to settle in the Great Plains after the Civil War?Barbed wire; Steel plows; Dry farming; Sod houses; Beef cattle raising; Wheat farming; Windmills; Railroads
USII.2b -What are three industries that emerged after the Civil War in specialized manufacturing areas?New England textile industry; Detroit automobile industry; Pittsburgh steel industry,
USII.2b - New manufacturing and industrial areas emerged after the Civil War. In which region was the textile industry centered?New England
USII.2b - After the Civil War, which city emerged as the center of the automobile industry?Detroit, Michigan
USII.2b - After the Civil War, which city emerged as the center of the steel industry?Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
USII.2c - Name the 7 political regions of the U.S., Northeast; Southeast; Midwest; Southwest; Rocky Mountain; Pacific; Noncontiguous
USII.2c - Name the 9 states of the Northeast region. Hint: Here are first letters of states listed from north to south (more or less).M V N C M R N N P, Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
USII.2c - Name the 14 states of the Southeast region. Hint: First letters - M D W V K T N S G F A M L A, Maryland; Delaware; West Virginia; Virginia; Kentucky; Tennessee; North Carolina; South Carolina; Georgia; Florida; Alabama; Mississippi; Louisiana; Arkansas
USII.2c - Name the 12 states of the Midwest region. Hint - First letters O I I M W M I M K N S N, Ohio; Indiana; Illinois; Michigan; Wisconsin; Minnesota; Iowa; Missouri; Kansas; Nebraska; South Dakota; North Dakota
USII.2c - Name the 4 states of the Southwest region. Hint - First letters - T O N A, Texas; Oklahoma; New Mexico; Arizona
USII.2c - Name the 6 states of the Rocky Mountain region. Hint - First letters C U N M W I, Colorado; Utah; Nevada; Montana; Wyoming; Idaho
USII.2c - Name the 3 states of the Pacific region., Washington; Oregon; California
USII.2c - Name the 2 noncontiguous states.Alaska; Hawaii
USII.2c - A state is an example of a ______ region.political
USII.2c - Boston is the capital of:, Massachusetts
USII.2c - Pittsburgh is in the state of:, Pennsylvania
USII.2c - Philadelphia is in the state of:Pennsylvania
USII.2c - Atlanta is the capital of:, Georgia
USII.2c - New Orleans is in the state of:Louisiana
USII.2c - Chicago is in the state of:, Illinois
USII.2c - St. Louis is in the state of:Missouri
USII.2c - Detroit is in the state of:Michigan
USII.2c - San Antonio is in the state of:Texas
USII.2c - Santa Fe is the capital of:New Mexico
USII.2c - Salt Lake City is the capital of:, Utah
USII.2c - Denver is the capital of:Colorado
USII.2c - Juneau is the capital of:Alaska
USII.2c - Honolulu is the capital of:Hawaii
USII.2c - Seattle is in the state of:Washington
USII.2c - Los Angeles is in the state of:California
USII.3a - What were some reasons for the period of westward expansion, which followed the Civil War?opportunities for land ownership; transcontinental railroad; discovery of gold and silver; adventure; a new beginning for former slaves
USII.3b - After the Civil War, did the flow of immigratants into the U.S. increase,decline or remain steady?, there was a huge increase in immigration
USII.3b - What were some of the reasons immigrants came to the U.S. in such large numbers after the Civil War?hope for better opportunities; adventure; religious freedom; escape from oppressive governments
USII.3b - Why did cities grow so much after the Civil War?Immigration from other countries (immigrants usually lived in cities); Movement of Americans from rural to urban areas for job opportunities; Specialized industries developed in cities – steel in Pittsburgh, meat packing in Chicago
USII.3a - What were some inventions that contributed to change and industrial growth in the late 1800s?Lighting and mechanical uses of electricity – Thomas Edison; Expansion of telephone service – Alexander Graham Bell
USII.3a - What were some challenges faced by cities in the late 1800s and early 1900s?, Overcrowded immigrant neighborhoods and tenements; Political corruption
USII.3a - What were some of the efforts made to solve immigration problems?, Settlement Houses such as Hull House founded by Jane Addams; Political machines that gained power by attending to the needs of new immigrants (jobs, housing)
USII.3a - How did political machines gain power in the cities?By attending to the needs of new for housing and jobs of new immigrants
USII.3a - Who is Jane Addams?The founder of Hull House, a settlement house that offered a variety of services to immigrants
USII.3b - By 1865, skirmishes among Indians and whites were frequent. The government tried to convince Indians tribes to give up their land and relocate onto -reservations – land set aside for Indian communities
USII.3b - In 1876, the federal government decided to force the Sioux, led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull, back onto their reservation. Custer led his troops against more than 2,000 Sioux Indians. He and all of his men died in the battle known as -, Battle of Little Bighorn
USII.3b - In 1877, the federal government sent troops to force the an Indian tribe in the Washington Territory called the Nez Percé off their homeland and onto a reservation. Who was the Indian chief who led 400, 000 of his people on a long trek in the hope of escaping across the Canadian border?, Chief Joseph
USII.3b - Settlers on the West Coast blamed declining wages and economic problems in the 1880s on -Chinese workers
USII.3b - In 1882, Congress passed the first significant law restricting immigration into the United States. The law was the -Chinese Exclusion Act
USII.3b - This group of immigrants began to arrive in large numbers by the 1840s after the potato crop in their country failed. By 1860, they had largely replaced the New England mill girls as textile workers.Irish immigrants
USII.3c - What were “Jim Crow” laws?Laws that institutionalized a system of legal segregation creating unequal opportunities for African Americans in housing, work, education, and government
USII.3c - What is racial segregation?Separation based on race

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