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Session 7

Musculoskeletal System

AB
FlexionDecreases the angle of a joint
ExtensionIncreases the angle of a joint
AdductionMoves closer to the midline
AbductionMoves away from the midline
PronationTurns the palm down
SupinationTurns the palm up
DorsiflexionElevates the foot
Plantar flexionLowers the foot (point the toes)
RotationMoves a bone around its longitudinal axis
brachi/oarm
carp/ocarpus (wrist bones)
cephal/ohead
cervic/oneck
cost/oribs
crani/ocranium
dactyl/odigit
humer/ohumerus
metacarp/ometacarpus (bones of the hand)
phalang/ophalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
rachi/ospine
spondyl/overtebrae (backbone)
vertebr/overtebrae (backbone)
stern/osternum
thorac/ochest
calcane/ocalcaneum (heel bone)
femor/ofemur (thigh bone)
fibul/ofibula (smaller, outer bone of lower leg)
ili/oilium (lateral flaring portion of hip bone)
ischi/oischium (lower portion of hip bone)
lumb/oloins
patell/opatella
ped/ifoot
pod/ofoot
pelv/ipelvis
pub/opelvic bone
tibi/otibia (larger, inner bone of lower leg)
arthr/ojoint
acromi/oacromion
ankyl/ostiffness, ben, crooked
condyl/ocondyle
lamin/olamina
myel/obone marrow, spinal cord
orth/ostraight
oste/obone
chondr/ocartilage
leiomy/osmooth muscle
my/omuscle
rhabd/orod-shaped (striated)
rhabdomy/orod-shaped muscle (striated)
ten/otendon
tend/otendon
tendin/otendon


Theresa Baughman

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