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Ch. 24 & 25 Vocabulary

AB
InitiativeVoters draft a bill and vote on it
ReferendumVoters accept or reject a law passed by the legislature
RecallVoters remove an elected official from office
Constituent PowerPower to make and amend constitutions
Common LawUnwritten, judge-made law
FelonyGreater crime that results in heavy punishment
MisdemeanorLesser offense, results in lesser punishment
Civil LawNoncriminal matter
JuryPeople who decide questions of fact in a court case
Bench TrialDecided by a single judge; no jury
Justice of the PeaceTry misdemeanors, issue warrants, perform marriages
TownshipsSubdivisions of counties
Special DistrictIndependent unit created to perform a governmental function
MunicipalityUrban unit within a township
IncorporationProcess by which a city is established
CharterCity's basic law
Mayor-Council GovernmentElected mayor and elected council
Strong-Mayor GovernmentMayor heads the city's administration
Weak-Mayor GovernmentMayor shares powers with other officials
Commission Government3-9 commissioners govern a city
Council-Manager GovernmentStrong council, weak mayor, manager
ZoningDividing a city to regulate land use
Metropolitan AreasCities and the areas around them
Property TaxTax on personal property
AssessmentDetermining the value of property
BudgetFinancial plan for the use of public money


Holcomb High School

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