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Skills for Health - Unit 3 Lesson 1

Created by Jennifer

Amino AcidsThe building blocks of proteins.
CancerA group of diseases characterized by by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells in the body.
CarbohydratesAn essential nutrient that is the body's primary source of energy. They are either simple or complex. Simple provide quick energy and have very little vitamins and minerals, while complex provide long lasting energy.
DehydrationA condition that occurs when the body lacks the water it needs to function.
DiabetesA disease in which the body doesn't produce or properly use insulin, a hormone needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy for daily life.
Dietary Guidelines for AmericansA set of science-based diet and physical activity recommendations that are intended to promote health and prevent disease. They have been jointly published every 5 years since 1980 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
FatAn essential nutrient that provides long-lasting energy, helps store vitamins, protects vital organs, and keeps the body warm. Eating too much fat is not good for your health.
FiberA form of carbohydrate that the body can't digest. It is most important for helping move food through the digestive system and helping to control weight because it makes one feel full.
Heart DiseaseA variety of diseases that affect the structure and function of the heart and cardiovascular system.
Major MineralsMinerals that your body requires in amounts greater than 100 milligrams of a day. These include calcium, magnesium, sulfur, potassium, and phosphorus.
MineralsNutrients that regulate chemical reactions in the body.
NutrientsChemical substances in food that have specific functions, like providing energy, helping you grow, and fighting infections.
OsteoporosisA disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. Any bone can be affected, but special concerns are of the hip and spine.
Overweight/ObesityRanges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height. It also identifies with ranges of weight that have been shown to increase likelyhood of certain diseases and other health problems.
ProteinAn essential nutrient that makes up more than 50% of your body weight. It is important for growth, building and maintaining muscles and body cells, fighting infections, and supplying the body with energy.
Saturated FatComes mainly from dairy products such as whole milk, butter, cream, ice cream, and cheese; meats and poultry; and solid vegetable oils like palm and coconut oils.
StarchesComplex carbohydrates found in many food sources, including fruits and seeds. The four major resources for the production and consumption of this in the U.S. are corn, potatoes, rice, and wheat.
Trace MineralsMinerals of which the body requires a small amount of daily. Two of these minerals are iron and zinc.
Trans FatFat made when manufacturers add hydrogen to vegetable oil in a process called hydrogenation. Hydrogenation increases the shelf life and flavor of foods containing this fat.
Unsaturated FatFat found in plant products like vegetable oils, most nuts, olives, avocadoes, and fatty fish like salmon.
VitaminsNutrients that help your body use proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Important examples of these include A, B, C, D, E, and K.

Health Skills Teacher
California Virtual Academies

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