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Desktop Publishing Terms

Agendaa listing of the events that will occur or topics to discuss in a meeting
AlignmentHow text appears in the column (flush left, flush right, centered, or justified)
AscenderThe part of a character of type that extends above the letter. For example, the lowercase letter h.
Body CopyThe main text in a document eclusive of headings
BoldType that is heavier in appearance than regular or normal type
BorderA line or frame surrounding graphics, graphs, illustrations, photgraphs, text, etc. that defines the edges.
Box RuleA line that has four sides to form a box; usually surrounds text or graphics
Business FormA kind of document used to conduct daily business activities
Camera-ReadyThe final copy of a publication used to produce the negative for a printing plate
CaptionText used to describe an illustration or photograph
CenteringAligning text evenly between the left and right margins
Clip ArtReady-made graphic images saved to a file that can be retrieved and placed in a document
ClipboardA temporary holding area for the graphics or text that was last cut or copied in the layout
CopyTo duplicate a graphic image or text for placement in another location
CropTo eliminate an unwanted area of a graphic image
CursorThe blinking pointer on the screen indicating where the action will take place
CutTo remove a graphic image or text from the present position on the page, thus allowing it to be moved elsewhere or deleted
DefaultA value or setting used by your software program unless the program is instructed differently by the operator
DescenderThe part of a character of type that descends below the letter. For example, the lowercase g
Desktop PublishingThe process of planning and creating computer-generated publications containing graphics and text that appear to have been professionally printed
Dialog BoxAn area on the menu of a software package that asks for additional information needed to perform the desired command
Draft QualityThe dry-run printing of a publication, not of reproduction quality
Drop-Down MenuA software feature that provides a list of available choices within the selected menu-bar item.
EditTo make corrections and/or changes (add to or delete from) the existing text
ElementA unit (illustration/graphic or type/text) to be used in a publication
Fill PatternVarious patterns from clear to opaque used to change the background of a defined shape
FlipTo turn the graphic image in the opposite direction horizontally or vertically
Flush LeftAligning text with the left margin (also called left-justified)
Flush RightAligning text with the right margin (also called right-justify)
FlyerA promotional poster used for various informational purposes
FontA complete set of letters, numbers, and symbols in a single typeface and size
FooterText and a page number at the bottom of ech page
FrameAn area on the screen of the DTP document that is created to hold and position text and/or graphic elements on the page
GraphicAn illustration created using a graphic software file, or a shape drawn with graphic tools
GraphicsEverything printed on the page except the words (text), consisting of illustrations and design elements
GutterThe space between columns of text or inside margin for binding
HairlineThe thinnest line possible with your software; often used to define columns
Hard CopyA printed copy of the page layout
HeaderText and a page number at the top of each page
HeadlineText in a large type that calls attention to the body copy
HighlightingDefining the area to be formatted or changed; also called selecting or choosing and area or block
IconsSmall symbolic pictures on the software that show the tools that can be selected for working with text or graphics
ItalicsA typeface variation that is slanted to the right
JustifiedAligning text with both the left and right margin evenly
LandscapeA page layout orientation that is wider than it is tall
LayoutArrangement of elements (graphics and text) on a page
LeadingThe space between lines of type
LetterheadThe printed design on stationery that normally includes the name, address, phone number and logo
Live AreaThe space on the page layout between the margins where text and graphic elements are placed
LogoA design created to identify or represent a specific company
MarginsThe white space at the top, sides, and bottom of a publication
MastheadA consistent design that creates an identity for title, logo, and related information that appear on each issue of a newsletter
MemorandumA form used for written communications between personnel in a business
Menu BarA list of the software program options available
Monospace TypefaceA typeface where all the characters are the same width
MouseA peripheral device that controls cursor movements on the screen of a computer
NewsletterA form that is sent outside the business to clients on a regular basis to indicate company services and provide information
On-line HelpA feature of the software that provides detailed information about performing a specific task
Page AssemblyPlacing previously created text and graphic elements into a predefined page setup
Page LayoutDetermining the placement of text and graphics on a page
Page SetupThe development of a page format that is often called a blueprint
Page ViewThe portion of a page that is displayed on the screen at one time
PasteTo anchor the graphic image or text in a new location
Peripheral DevicesComponents that are external to the computer. For example, a printer and modem
PicaA unit of measurement commonly used in the printing industry
PointThe smallest unit of measurement of type
PortraitA page layout orientation that is taller than it is wide
PrintingProducing a hard copy of the completed page or pages
Professional StatementA form used to bill a client for services rendered
Pull QuoteA short phrase or sentence pulled from an article, set in a larger size type than the body text
Reproduction QualityHigh-quality printing of a publication done with a laser printer
ResizeTo increase or decrease the size of a graphic image
RotateTo turn the graphic image 90 degrees
RoughA preliminary sketch to scale of where the elements will appear in a layout
RuleA line of varying thickness from hairline to wide
Ruler GuidesNonprinting horizontal and vertical measuring lines that can used to position and/or align elements on the page layout
Sans SerifA typeface without fine cross lines at the top and bottom of the main stroke of the characters
ScannerAn optical reading device that creates files that can be read by the computer (can be used to input graphics or text)
ScreenA pattern of dots from solid black to various levels of gray, described in percentages, adds a tint to a defined area for emphasis
Scroll BarsBars along the sides of the screen used to quickly move the page horizontally or vertically to access a different part of the document
SerifA typeface with a fine cross-line at the top and bottom of the main stroke of the characters
SpreadA left- and right-hand page viewed together (two facing pages)
Style SheetA file containing the type specifications and format information for a page design that can be used with different documents; aslo called master pages
SubheadsHeadings that follow headlines for covering more detailed topics in the body copy
Template FileA file that stores the master version of a blank form, then updated for different situations
TextWords, numbers, and symbols that present information
Text BlockAn identified section of a text such as a word, a line, a sentence, a paragraph, a column, etc.
Text FlowText automatically continuing from the bottom of one column to the tope of the next column
Text WrapAdjusting the appearance of text to follow the shape of an encountered graphic, the text formats around an illustration
Thumbnail SketchA rough version of the page design rendered in miniature
Title BarA feature of a software menu that displays the name of the file that is currently open
Tool BoxAn area of the software screen that contains icons representing the tools that can be selected when working with text or graphics
Trim SizeThe overall width and length of the paper on which your document is printed (standard size is 8 1/2 inches by 11 inches)
TypefaceA set of characters (letters, numbers and symbols) that share the same design
Type SizeThe measurement of the typeface; the distance between the top of the ascender and the bottom of the descender
Type StyleA variation in the enhancement of the typeface (e.g., boldface or italics)
White SpaceThe area on a page where not text or graphic is placed
Work AreaThe place on the screen whre your layout of the document is done
WYSIWYGThe acronym for What-You-See-Is-What-You-Get

Ethan Bell

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