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Chapter 11 Creating the Constitution (1786-1791)

ConstitutionThis is a written part of government.
legislative branchThis branch of government makes the laws.
CongressThis group is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
executive branchThis branch of government enforces the laws.
PresidentThe person who is in charge of the executive branch has this title.
judicial branchThis branch of government interprets the laws and punishes lawbreakers.
Supreme Court and other federal courtsThese groups make up the judicial branch.
ConfederationThis is the name given to the union of states.
Articles of ConfederationThis is the first American constitution. It was the written plan for the union of the states.
conventionThis is a formal meeting of people who share a common interest or purpose.
populationThis term refers to the total number of people in an area.
compromiseThis is a settlement of differences reached when each side gives way a little in its demands.
House of RepresentativesThis is the group of Congress that has representation from each state according to the state's population.
SenateThis is the group of Congress that is made up of two members from each state.
electorThis is a person chosen by a state to cast one vote in a presidential election.
federal systemThis is a system of government in which separate states are united under a strong central government.
ratifyThis term means to make legal by officially approving.
legislatureThis is a body of representatives elected to make the laws.
economic depressionThis is a period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises.
Great CompromiseThe compromise that settled the disagreement between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan.
Great CompromiseThis compromise settled the debate over the numbers of representatives for each state.
Three-Fifths CompromiseThis compromise settled how slaves would be counted in the population count to determine the numbers of representatives for each state.
FederalistsThese people were supporters of the Constitution.
AntifederalistsThese people were opposed to the Constitution.
Bill of RightsThese are the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
amendmentThis term means change.
separation of powersThis term refers to the government being divided into three branches.
Albany Plan of UnionThis council was elected to make treaties with Indian tribes, build forts, and raise armies to protect the colonies.
"The Federalist"This was composed of 85 articles written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton, which gave
George WashingtonHe was the chairmen or presidentVirginia Plan of the Constitutional Convention and a Federalist.
James MadisonHe cowrote "The Federalist." His careful notes about the Constitutional Convention, and his ideas were responsible for many of the Constitution's principles earning him the title "Father of the Constitution."
Benjamin FranklinHis humor was important to the success of the Constitutional Convention because it helped the people to control their tempers. He was a Federalist.
Patrick HenryHe refused to attend the Constitutional Convention. He was an Antifederalist who fought against ratification of the Constitution in his state of Virginia.
federal governmentThis is the central government under which states with power to control their local affairs are united in a federal system of government.
Shays' RebellionThis was a series of confrontations between farmers who were in debt to the state because theyv couldn't pay their taxes, and the MAssachusetts state government authorities.
Virginia PlanThis plan said that the number of representatives for each state would be decided by the state's population.
Virginia PlanThis plan would benefit the large states for power in the legislature.
New Jersey PlanThis plan said that every state would have the same number of representatives.
New Jersey PlanThis plan would benefit the small states for power in the legislature.
Founding FathersThis term refers to the delegates of the Constitutional Convention.
checks and balancesThis system was developed to prevent any branch from misusing its powers.
separation of powersThis system was developed to prevent any branch of government from becoming too powerful.
impeachIn order to keep the executive branch from becoming too stron, Congress has the power to __________________ the President, or bring him to trial for misconduct in office.
Virginia and New YorkThe Constitution was approved, but these two important states had not ratified it. This caused problems because one state was the largest and the other would divide the nation.
Electoral CollegeThe president is not elected directly by the people. Each state chooses qualified voters who form the __________________.
Bill of RightsThe Antifederalists feared the loss of individual freedoms. The result was that the ____________was added to the Constitution.
strong central governmentThe Antifederalists didn't want the states to lose too much power. They feared a ___________________.
strong central governmentThe Federalists wanted the central government to be a ________________.
not workingShays' Rebellion proved that the ASrticles of Confederation were __________________.
feared the large states would outvote them in Congress and get what they wantedThe small states objected to the Virginia plan because they ____________________.

Mrs. Drapeau

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