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Vocabulary

AB
cal·um·nyThe utterance of maliciously false statements; slander.
su·ze·rain·tyThe power or domain of a suzerain.
mulct·eddefraud
pu·ta·tiveGenerally regarded as such; supposed.
per·i·pa·tet·icWalking about or from place to place; traveling on foot.
sur·feitTo feed or supply to excess, satiety, or disgust.
mis·an·thropeOne who hates or mistrusts humankind.
el·e·gyA poem or song composed especially as a lament for a deceased person.
in·im·i·calUnfriendly; hostile: a cold, inimical voice.
ep·i·de·mi·ol·o·gyThe branch of medicine that deals with the study of the causes, distribution, and control of disease in populations.
Mam·monBible. Riches, avarice, and worldly gain personified as a false god in the New Testament.
clar·i·onLoud and clear: a clarion call to resistance.
suf·fuseTo spread through or over, as with liquid, color, or light: “The sky above the roof is suffused with deep colors”
ex·pi·ateTo make amends or reparation for; atone: expiate one's sins by acts of penance.
las·si·tudeA state or feeling of weariness, diminished energy, or listlessness.
pros·e·lyteA new convert to a doctrine or religion.
mes·o·mor·phicOf, relating to, or existing in a state of matter intermediate between liquid and crystal.
plain·tiveExpressing sorrow; mournful or melancholy.
spe·ciousHaving the ring of truth or plausibility but actually fallacious: a specious argument.
tem·po·rizeTo act evasively in order to gain time, avoid argument, or postpone a decision: “Colonial officials . . . ordered to enforce unpopular enactments, tended to temporize, to find excuses for evasion”
rec·on·diteNot easily understood; abstruse.
Pol·ly·an·naA person regarded as being foolishly or blindly optimistic.
sa·lu·bri·ousConducive or favorable to health or well-being.
mne·mon·icRelating to, assisting, or intended to assist the memory.
an·a·logueSomething that bears an analogy to something else: Surimi is marketed as an analogue of crabmeat.
ex·cul·pa·to·ryActing or tending to exculpate.
ex·cul·pateTo clear of guilt or blame.
an·ec·dot·alOf, characterized by, or full of anecdotes.
an·ec·doteSecret or hitherto undivulged particulars of history or biography.A short account of an interesting or humorous incident.
im·bro·glioA difficult or intricate situation; an entanglement. b. A confused or complicated disagreement.
ex·co·ri·ateo censure strongly; denounce: an editorial that excoriated the administration for its inaction.
po·lem·icA person engaged in or inclined to controversy, argument, or refutation.
pro·sa·icLacking in imagination and spirit; dull.
er·satzBeing an imitation or a substitute, usually an inferior one; artificial: ersatz coffee made mostly of chicory.
Phil·is·tineA smug, ignorant, especially middle-class person who is regarded as being indifferent or antagonistic to artistic and cultural values.
in·sou·ci·antMarked by blithe unconcern; nonchalant.
pith·yPrecisely meaningful; forceful and brief: a pithy comment.
Cas·san·draOne that utters unheeded prophecies.Greek Mythology. A daughter of Priam, the king of Troy, endowed with the gift of prophecy but fated by Apollo never to be believed.
plan·gentLoud and resounding: plangent bells. Expressing or suggesting sadness; plaintive: “From a doorway came the plangent sounds of a guitar”
se·pul·chralSuggestive of the grave; funereal. Of or relating to a burial vault or a receptacle for sacred relics.
pro·to·typeAn original type, form, or instance that serves as a model on which later stages are based or judged.
ar·che·typeAn ideal example of a type; quintessence: an archetype of the successful entrepreneur. An original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; a prototype: “‘Frankenstein’ . . . ‘Dracula’ . . . ‘Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde’ . . . the archetypes that have influenced all subsequent horror stories” (New York Times).
per·i·pa·tet·icWalking about or from place to place; traveling on foot.
gran·dil·o·quencePompous or bombastic speech or expression.
re·doubt·a·bleWorthy of respect or honor. Arousing fear or awe; formidable.
be·lieTo picture falsely; misrepresent: “He spoke roughly in order to belie his air of gentility”. To show to be false: Their laughter belied their outward grief.
be·sotTo muddle or stupefy, as with alcoholic liquor or infatuation.
ec·to·morphAn individual having a lean, slightly muscular body build in which tissues derived from the embryonic ectoderm predominate.
a·verredTo affirm positively; declare.
im·pre·ca·tionA curse.
in·cho·ateImperfectly formed or developed: a vague, inchoate idea. In an initial or early stage; incipient.
un·to·wardTroublesome; adverse: an untoward incident.
un·pro·pi·tiousUnfavorable; inauspicious: arrived at an unpropitious moment.
phleg·mat·icHaving or suggesting a calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional.
hir·suteCovered with hair; hairy.
ex·og·e·nousBiology. Derived or developed from outside the body; originating externally.
re·doubt·a·bleArousing fear or awe; formidable.Worthy of respect or honor.
o·ro·tundPompous and bombastic: orotund talk.
quo·tid·i·anEveryday; commonplace: “There's nothing quite like a real . . . train conductor to add color to a quotidian commute” Recurring daily. Used especially of attacks of malaria.
pre·var·i·cateTo stray from or evade the truth; equivocate.
ver·i·lyIn truth; in fact. With confidence; assuredly.
pae·anA fervent expression of joy or praise: “The art . . . was a paean to Christianity"
neo-New; recent: Neolithic.
rel·e·gateTo assign to an obscure place, position, or condition.
pe·lag·icOf, relating to, or living in open oceans or seas rather than waters adjacent to land or inland waters: pelagic birds.
ver·tig·i·nousInclined to change quickly; unstable.
e·phem·er·aPrinted matter of passing interest. A short-lived thing.
a·man·u·en·sisOne who is employed to take dictation or to copy manuscript.
de·tu·mes·cenceReduction or lessening of a swelling, especially the restoration of a swollen organ or part to normal size.
quid·di·tyThe real nature of a thing; the essence. A hairsplitting distinction; a quibble.
del·i·quescea. To melt away. b. To disappear as if by melting.
pro·lixTediously prolonged; wordy: editing a prolix manuscript. Tending to speak or write at excessive length.
in·sou·ci·anceBlithe lack of concern; nonchalance.
cor·pusA large collection of writings of a specific kind or on a specific subject.
trench·antKeen; incisive: a trenchant comment. Forceful, effective, and vigorous: a trenchant argument. Caustic; cutting: trenchant criticism.
hy·poth·e·sisA tentative explanation that accounts for a set of facts and can be tested by further investigation; a theory.
ax·i·omA self-evident or universally recognized truth; a maxim: “It is an economic axiom as old as the hills that goods and services can be paid for only with goods and services”
pos·tu·lateTo assume or assert the truth, reality, or necessity of, especially as a basis of an argument.
ju·rid·i·calOf or relating to the law and its administration.
ne·ol·o·gismA new word, expression, or usage.
a·ceph·a·lousHaving no leader. Headless or lacking a clearly defined head: acephalous worms.
wraithSomething shadowy and insubstantial. An apparition of a living person that appears as a portent just before that person's death.
in·ter·nec·ineOf or relating to struggle within a nation, an organization, or a group. Mutually destructive; ruinous or fatal to both sides.
pa·ro·chi·alNarrowly restricted in scope or outlook; provincial: parochial attitudes.
des·ic·cateTo make dry, dull, or lifeless. To dry out thoroughly.

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