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Vocab Unit 1 Level D

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Workshop
Level D

admonish(v) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty (syn) warn, call on the carpet, (ant) praise, pat on the back
breach(n) an opening, gap, rupture, rift; a violation or infraction; (v) to create an opening, break through (ant) (v) close, seal
brigand(n) a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman
circumspect(adj) careful, cautious (syn)wary, prudent, guarded (ant) incautious, rash, reckless, heedless
commandeer(v) to seize for military or official use (syn) take over, requisition, expropriate
cumbersome(adj) clumsy, hard to handle; slow-moving (syn) unwieldy, ponderous (ant) manageable, easy to handle
deadlock(n) a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or fractions; (v) to bring to such a standstill (syn)(n) standoff, stalemate, impasse (ant) (n) agreement, accord, breakthrough
debris(n) scattered fragments, wreckage (syn) rubble, detritus, flotsam and jetsam
diffuse(v) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj) wordy, longwinded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread (syn) (v) disperse; (adj) rambling, verbose, prolix (ant) (v) concentrate; (adj) brief, concise, succinct
dilemma(n) a difficult or perplexing situation or problem (syn) predicament, quandary, pickle, bind (ant) cinch
efface(v) to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed (syn)blot out, erase, obliterate, expunge
muddle(v) to make a mess of; muddle through; to get by; (n) a hopeless mess (syn) (v) jumble,mess up; (n) confusion, disorder (ant) (n) orderliness, tidiness, neatness
opinionated(adj) stubborn and often unreasonable in holding one's own ideas, having a closed mind (syn) obstinate, pigheaded, inflexible (ant) open-minded, reasonable
perennial(adj) lasting for a long time, persistent; (n) a plant that lives for many years (syn) (adj) enduring, recurring (ant) (adj) brief, short-lived, fleting, ephemeral
predispose(v) to incline to beforehand (syn) make susceptible to (ant) immunize against, shield from
relinquish(v) to let go, give up (syn) surrender, abandon (ant) hold on to, keep, retain, cling to
salvage(v) to save from fire or shipwreck ; (n) property thus saved (syn) (v) rescue, recover, retrieve, reclaim (ant) (v) abandon, scrap, junk
spasmodic(adj) sudden and violent but brief; fitful, intermittent (syn) irregular, occasional (ant) steady, continuous, chronic
spurious(adj) not genuine, not true, not valid (syn) false, counterfeit, fraudulent, bogus (ant) genuine, authentic, bona fide, valid
unbridled(adj) uncontrolled, lacking in restraint (syn) unrestrained, unchecked (ant) restrained, held in check, muted


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