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Chap 18 Reconstruction 1865-1877

The American Revolution
Creating America A History of the United States

Radical Republicansa congressman who, after the Civil War, favored using the government to create a new order in the South and to give African Americans full citizenship and the right to vote
Reconstructionthe process the U.S. government used to readmit the Confederate states to the Union after the Civil War
Freedmen's Bureaua federal agency set up to help former slaves after the Civil War
Andrew Johnsonserved as vice-president under Lincoln; became president when Lincoln was killed in April 1865
black codeslaw passed by Southern states that limited the freedon of former slaves
civil rightsrights granted to all citizens
Fourteenth Amendmentan ammendment to the U.S. Constitution, passed in 1868, that made all persons, born or naturalized in the United States- including former slaves-citizens of the country
freedmen's schoola school set up to educate newly freed African Americans
sharecroppinga system in which landowners gave farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raised
Ku Klux Klana group formed in 1866 that wanted to restore Democratic control of the South and to keep former slaves powerless; the group called for a "racially and morally pure" America
lynchto kill on the spot without a trial as punishment for a supposed crime
Fifteenth Amendmentpassed in 1870, this ammendment to the U.S. Constitution stated that citizens could not be stopped from voting "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
Panic of 1873a financial crisis in which banks closed and the stock market collapsed
Compromise of 1877the agreement that resolved an 1876 election dispute; Rutherford B. Hayes became president and then removed the last federal troops from the South

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