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Paper Six

Important terms, people, dates and events that are used and referred to in paper six, module two of the Canadian Distance Education History 12 course.

CominternCommunist International
Anti-Commintern PactBetween Japan and Germany, and later Italy, intended to stop the spread of Communism and any activities of the Comintern.
Anglo-German Naval AgreementAllowed the German navy to be 35% of the size of Britain's navy - was in direct violation of the Versailles Treaty
When was the Saar returned to Germany?In a 1935 plebiscite
After the Saar was returned to Germany, how large were Hitler's plans to rearm Germany?600,000 troops - six times more than the Versailles Treaty allowed
The Stresa Front agreementWas intended to stop further violations of the Versailles Treaty - by Britain, France and Italy - soon becamse null and void because of the Anglo-German Naval Agreement
Where did Italy invade in October, 1935?Abyssinia
What happened to Rhineland in 1936?It was demilitarized
What convinced Hitler that further steps at conquest would not be met by much opposition?The ineffective response and the weak resistance of Britain and France to Mussolini's conquest of Ethiopia.
The Germans intended to mislead and intimidate the French by doing what in March, 1936?Sending troops to remilitarize Rhineland.
Rome-Berlin AxisBeginning of the axis powers - between Italy and Germany
The Phoney WarSo called by the British - Both the Allies (British and French) and the Nazis settled behind their lines of defense and refused to move.
BlitzkriegGerman 'lightning war' - useing the overwhelming power of the German airforce (Luftwaffe), while the German ground attack chewed up the Polish resistance
Hitler became chancellor on:January, 1933
SudetenlandArea in Czechoslovakia with 3 million Germans living there
The Stresa FrontItaly, Britain and France - to up hold Austrian independance
Of the territories that Germany took right after Britain declared war, which one was known for the Winter War (a courageous fight against the Germans)Finland
Was Russia expelled form the League of Nations? If so, what year?Yes, 1939
How many British soldiers died in the Phoney War?None
What political leadership change happened in May, 1940Neville Chamberlain was forced to resign and Winston Churchill became the new British Prime Minister
Who was General Charles de GaulleLeader of the Free French movement
Vidkun QuislingNorwegian leader of the Nazi 'puppet' government in Norway - his name became synonymous with traitor
Operation Sea-LionCodenamed operation for Germans to cross the channel in July, 1940
The Battle of BritainJuly 10th, 1940 - Before 1941 over 20,000 Londoners were dead from the Blitz - many other cities had air raids, attacks from the Luftwaffe - as far as Glasgow in Scotland.
Government of VichyAfter France signed an armistice is was a pro-nazi gov. led by war hero of WWI, Henri Philippe Petain - in the French city of Vichy
Why did the French fallAlthough there were equal numbers and equal equipment, the French felt they were safe behind the Maginot line - this was there fall
German Luftwaffe vs. the British RAF in the Battle of BritainIt had seemed that the German force outnumbered the British RAF, but because the German bombers, Stukas or fighter-bombers were too slow to compete with the RAF fighters, the Brits had the advantage. The Germans only had 20 minutes of fuel to fly over south-east England and the British has radars to track where the Germans were
Who is the commander of the Luftwaffe?Goering
more on the Anti-Comintern Pact between:? To do what?Between Japan and Germany - Promising secretly not to help the Soviet Union attack the other
What was Operation Barbarossa?On June 22, 1941, Hitler sent out 3 million Nazi troops were sent into the Soviet Union along a front that stretched three thousand km. The Blitzkreig tactics were successful. The Soviet troops had been unorganized and unprepared to fight.
An obsession of Hitler's which would cost Germany the war:The invasion of Russia and destruction of Communism.
How many German troops were sent to the Soviet Union in June, 19413 Million
Hiroshima1945, US atomic bomb in Japan - 80,00 died right away and another 80,00 died in the following few weeks
KamikazeFirst seen in the Battle of Leyte Gulf when Japanese pilots flew their planes, full of explosives, directly into US ships (suicide missions)
What was the largest sea battle in history?The Battle of Leyte Gulf - fought by US and Britain against Japan over the Philippine Islands in 1944 - This battle cost the Japanese over 500 aircraft and many important sea vessels
What is the significance of Stalingrad?In 1942, the Nazis mounted a massive attack on Stalingrad which was considered a key point in Russia's defense - The Soviets mounted a huge counter-offensive, forcing the Germans to surrender as they quickly gained back all of the land they had lost in '41 - The Soviets won this battle which marked a major turning point in the war in the East
The Afrika KorpsA combined Nazi and Italian forces
Operation TorchA combined British and American force which invaded French Africa (Tunisia) - they defeated the Germans there and moved eastward across Algeria where they joined Montgomery's troops
At what time had all Axis forces been driven out of AlgeriaMay, 1943
Operation Jubilee was the code name for:The Dieppe Raid
Who was Pietro Badoglio?Italian premier who signed Armistice with Allies
What is significant about Kursk?It was the site of a great tank battle in Russia
Festung Europa------------------------

Bonnie Kirk

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