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Story Unit Literary Terms

Here are most of the literary terms covered in this unit

AB
fictionany prose writing that tells an invented or imaginary story
characterizationthe use of literary techniques to create a character
direct portrayalcharacterization technique in which the writer actually describes or explains the character’s personality
character behaviorcharacterization technique in which readers discover a character’s personality by looking at the character’s actions
internal monologuecharacterization technique in which readers discover a character’s personality through that character’s own thoughts or feelings
characteran individual who figures in the action of a story
protagonistmain character or central figure in a story
antagonistcharacter or force that works against the protagonist
major characterany character that has a significant role in the story
minor characterany character that appears in the story, but has little importance
one dimensional or flat charactera character that mainly exhibits a single dominant quality or Character Trait
three dimensional or rounded charactera character that exhibits complex traits that are more realistic
static charactercharacter that does not change during the course of a story
dynamic charactercharacter that changes during the course of a story
motivationreasons why the character thinks and behaves in a certain way
themecentral idea in a literary work
settingtime and place in which a story occurs
moodemotion created in the reader while reading the story
conflictstruggle between two or more forces in a literary work
internal conflictstruggle occurring within a character
external conflictstruggle that takes place between a main character and an outside force
plotseries of events related to the explanation and resolution of a major conflict
expositionbackground information in a story that usually includes character introductions, the setting, and the mood
inciting incidentevent(s) that begin the action of a story and introduces the central conflict
rising actionevents leading up to the climax. The rising action usually includes complications, additional conflicts, and an increasing emotional intensity in the story.
climaxThe moment of highest emotional intensity that serves as a turning point in the story. The climax is also known as a crisis.
falling actionevents after the climax that lead to the resolution
resolutionevent that ends the central conflict in a story
denouementInformation that wraps up loose ends in a story. Sometimes, the denouement is included in the resolution.
ironyany difference between appearance and reality
verbal ironyoccurs when there is a difference between what is said and what is meant
irony of situationoccurs when events in a story lead to unexpected results
dramatic ironyoccurs when the reader/audience knows information that the character does not
suspension of disbeliefusing imagination to accept information in a literary work that is unrealistic or impossible
hyperboleexaggeration for effect or to make a point
similecomparison using like or as
foreshadowingoccurs when a writer gives clues to later events in a story

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