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INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY TEST 3

TERMS RELATING TO TISSUES, ORGANS, AND SYSTEMS.

AB
endoplasmic reticulumsystem of membranes forming a network of "roads" and "channels" that wind throughout cytoplasm
ribosomes"protein factories" that make proteins
mitochondria"power plants" that burn food in the presence of oxygen to create energy for the cell
lysosomesthe "digestive system" of the cell
Golgi bodiessacs that make and transport carbohydrate compounds
centriolesstructures that function in cell reproduction
ciliahairlike extensions on the surfaces of those cells that are capable of movement
flagellasingle long "tail" of the sperm cell
CYTO/OCELL
KARY/ONUCLEUS
-PLASMFORMATIVE, FORMED MATERIAL
biologythe study of life processes
microscopicvisible only with magnification under a microscope
tissue fluidsalt water solution that bathes every cell in the body.
plasma membranethe outside boundary of a cell
cytoplasmsubstance between plasma membrane and nucleus of all cells
organellesstructures within cytoplasm
nucleusdictates protein production and controls transport, metabolism, growth, and hereditiy
karyoplasmsubstance of nucleus
karyotypepicture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
metabolismthe chemical processes in the cell, by which cells obtain energy and use energy
catabolismthe breaking-down phase of metabolism by which energy is used to grow, maintain, and repair body structures
anabolismthe buuilding phase of metabolism by which energy is used to grow, maintain, and repair body structures
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid, the chemical genes are made of
genesregions of DNA organized into the body's "blueprint"
chromosomesshort, tightly coiled rods that contain genes
abdominal cavityspace between the diaphragm and hip bones; house the major organs of digestion
cardiac muscle tissuespecialized form of involuntary mucle tissue found only in the heart
cavityspace or hollow within body
connective tissuetissue specializing in connection and support of body parts
cranial cavityspace enclosed by the skull; house the brain and pituitary gland
diaphragmmuscular wall dividing thoracic and abdominal cavities
epithelialtissue that protects, lines, or invests body organs
fasciaconnective tissue membrane that invests body parts
investcover or surround a part of the body
involuntary muscle tissuemuscle tissues that are controlled automatically by the nervous system
mediastinumcavity between the thoracic cavity; contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, and brochial tubes
muscle tissuetissue specializing in movement of body part; may be voluntary, involuntary, or cardiac
nerve tissuetissue that carries nerve impulses
peritoneummembrane investing the abdominal cavity and viscera
pleural cavityspace between lungs and pleura
spinal cavityspace within the backbones; houses the nerves of the spinal cord
striatedstriped appearance of voluntary mucles
thoracic cavityspace between the neck and diaphragm; houses the lungs
viscusinternal organs particularly of the abdominal cavity
viscerapl. of viscus
voluntary or striated muscle tissuemuscle tissues that are controlled by a person's conscious effort


D. Moore

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