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Ohio State Philosophy 150

SPEECH ACT? give exampleslinguistic act that makes something happen i.e. promise, quit, swear, declare
5 RULES OF SPEECH ACTS1. authority 2.formulas 3. pre-supposed facts 4. response required i.e. accept bet 5. fellings of speaker i.e. sincerity, oath
CONVERSATIONAL ACTtry to get response
5 RULES OF CONVERSATIONAL ACTS1. cooperation 2. quantity 3. quality (truth, provable) 4.relevance 5. clear
3 PARTS OF EFFECTIVE ARGUMENT1. assuring 2. gaurding 3. shielding
VALIDITYif premises true, conclusion true also
SOUNDNESSvalid, true premises and true conclusion
ASSURINGquote authority, abuse audience "everyone knows..."
GAURDINGweaken claim to avoid attack " it is likely..."
DISCOUNTINGcounter objection before it is made
DISCOUNTING STRAW MENattribute point to opponent to knock it down
SLANTINGput something in good/ bad light
CLOSE ANALYSISscrutinize arguments details
DEEP ANALYSISbreak argument down and reconstruct it ( add what isn't stated)
SUPPRESSED PREMISESpremises which are needed but not stated

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