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RNSG 2208 Unit I Terminology

Introduction, reproductive, contraception, infertility (Chapters 1, 4, 5 & 6)

fertility ratethe number of births per 1000 women of childbearing age
mortality ratethe rate of deaths from a specific cause
neonatean infant in the first 28 days of life
puerperiumthe first 6 weeks following delivery
birth ratethe number of births per 1000 population
fetal death ratethe number of fetal deaths (over 500 gms) per 1000 live births
neonatal death ratethe number of deaths per 1000 live births occurring at birth or in the first 28 days of life
perinatal death ratefetal death rate plus neonatal death rate
maternal mortalitythe number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births that occur as a direct result of the reproductive process
infant mortalitythe number of deaths per 1000 live births occurring at birth or in the first 12 months of life
childhood mortalitythe number of deaths per 1000 population in children, 1 to 14 years of age
adrenarchethe physiologic changes that occur with puberty
andrologythe branch of medicine that treats the man and diseases specific to the male sex
anteflexiona uterus that is bent sharply forward just above the cervix
anteversiona uterine fundus that is tipped abnormally forward
retroversiona uterine fundus that is tipped backward
retroflexiona uterus that is bent sharply backward
aspermiaabsence of sperm
bicornuate uterusa uterus that has two fundal horns; it may have an accompanying septum
culdoscopythe introduction of an endoscope through the posterior vaginal wall to view the pelvic organs
cystocelepouching of the bladder into the anterior vaginal wall
dyspareuniapain on sexual intercourse
endocervixthe inner surface of the cervix
endometriumthe inner layer of the uterus that is shed during menstruation
erectile dysfunctionthe inability to achieve erection in order to complete a sex act
gonada sex gland; an ovary in the female, a testis in the male
gynecologythe study of the female reproductive organs
gynecomastiaexcess development of male breast tissue; a transient occurrence in normal adolescence
laparoscopyexamination of the abdominal cavity and organs by inserion of a surgical instrument through the anterior abdominal wall
menarchethe first menstrual period
myometriumthe muscle layer of the uterus
oocytean immature ovum
perimetriumthe outer coat of the uterus
premature ejaculationdeposition of sperm before vaginal penetration or the full enjoyment of the sexual partner
rectoceleherniation of the rectum into the posterior vaginal wall
thelarchebreast development changes at puberty
vaginismuspainful, involuntary spasms of the vagina
epididymistightly coiled tube within the testis where sperm mature
graafian folliclea mature follicle containting an oocyte just before ovulation
corpus luteumprogesterone-producing body on the surface of the ovary after ovulation
excitement phasea phase of the sexual response cycle in which women experience widening and elongation of the vagina
orgasmthe shortest, most intense phase of the sexual response cycle
resolutiona period in the sexual response cycle in which the genital organs return to an unaroused state
refractory periodpart of the sexual response cycle that only men experience
abstinencerefraining from sexual intercourse
barrier methoda method of reproductive life planning in which sperm are prevented from entering the cervix
basal body temperature methoda method of natural family planning based on the use of the body temperature on arising
calendar methoda method of natural family planning based on the determination of fertile and nonfertile days each month
cervical capa latex barrier method of contraception that fits over the uterine cervix
coitus interruptusa method of contraception in which the penis is withdrawn from the vagina before ejaculation
condoma latex barrier method of contraception worn on the penis; provides some protection against STDs
contraceptivea method or device to prevent the fertilization of the human ovum or the implantation of the zygote
diaphragma mechanical barrier contraceptive device fitted over the cervix in women
elective termination of pregnancytermination of pregnancy by medical intervention
fertility awarenessa method of contraception based on analyzing the consistency of vaginal secretions
intrauterine devicea contraceptive device inserted into the uterine cavity that prevents implantation
laparoscopyan endoscopic examination of the abdominal cavity
monophasica form of oral contraceptive that contains the same amount of estrogen and progestin in each pill throughout the cycle
natural family planningcontraception involving no medical devices or chemicals
reproductive life planningplanning to space children or prevent children from being conceived
triphasicoral contraceptives with estrogen and progestin in varying amounts throughout the cycle
tubal ligationa method of contraception in which the fallopian tubes are cauterized, tied, or clamped to prevent union of the sperm and ovum
vasectomya surgical ligation of the vas deferens that results in male sterility
anovulationabscence of ovulation
cryptorchidismundescended testes
endometriosisabnormal implantation sites of endometrial cells outside the uterus
failure to achieve ejaculationthe failure to accomplish deposition of sperm with a sex act
infertilitythe state of being unable to reproduce; sterile
mumps orchitisinflammation of the testis from invasion of the mumps virus
primary infertilitythe state of never being able to conceive
secondary infertilitythe state of being unable to conceive although the ability was previously present
sperm countthe number of sperm present in a single ejaculation
sperm motilitythe documented movement of sperm after ejaculation
spermatogenesisthe formation and maturation of spermatozoa
varicocelea varicosity of the spermatic vein
spinnbarkeitdistensibility of cervical mucus; the property of cervical mucus to stretch a distance of 13 to 15 cm before breaking

Ms. Denham

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