Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

Final Review

Disadvantages to solar energyDarkness
Disadvantages to oilnonrenewable, toxic to oceans
Disadvantages to woodDestruction of habitat
Disadvantages to nuclearmeltdowns, glowing for hundreds of years
Advantages to hydroelectric energyNo pollution, water flows down hill
Advantages to geothermal energySteam rises, no pollution
Disadvantages to Wind energyvisual, noise pollution, bad for birds who make their nests in windmills
Advantages to coalcheap
Advantages to biofuelsRenewable, anyone can produce it.
Advantages to Natural GasAbundant and less expensive than other fossil fuels
Electric powerthe ability of electricity to do work
Electric energythe amount of electricity your house uses in a month
Constructive Interferencewhen 2 waves collide and create one bigger wave.
Destructive InterferenceWhen 2 waves collide and the resulting wave is much less or completely destroyed. Used in technology to decrease noise like on airplanes or jack hammers
Dopper EffectMoving sounds get higher pitched and louder as they approach you and lower and quieter as they move away from you
4 things that all waves have in commonamplitude, wavelength, wave speed, frequency
NodesCreated on a standing wave by destructive interference. Appears as a dead spot on the string.
AntinodesParts on a standing wave where it appears to have a large amplitude. Caused by constructive interference.
TinnitusA constant ringing in the ears that doesn't go away
HyperacusisWhen sounds are over-amplified due to exposure to excessive noise. This can be extremely painful
4 Characteristics (functions) of our atmosphere1. provides gases necessary for life. 2. protects Earth from meteors etc. 3. Protects from harmful radiation. 4. Regulates temperature on the planet
4.5 billion yearsthe age of our atmosphere
Oxygen is put into our atmosphere by 2 processeshydrolysis of water by the sun's energy, and photosynthesis
Nitrogen78% of our atmospheric gas
Oxygen21% of our atmospheric gas
Argon and trace gases1% of our atmospheric gas
Troposphere1st layer closest to the Earth. "Layer of Mixing". Contains most of our weather
StratosphereThe 2nd layer from the Earth. Contains jet streams.
Mesosphere3rd layer from the Earth. Burns up meteors and debris entering the atmosphere
IonosphereThe 4th layer. Reflects all AM radio waves back to Earth.
ThermosphereThe last layer of the atmosphere. Closest to the sun. Can reach up to 2000 degrees Celcius.
Acid Rain GasesNOx (NO2 and NO3) and SO2
Effects of Acid RainAcidification of lakes and streams. Damage to vegetation and human tissues. Accelerates decay of building materials. Poor visibility.
CFC'schloroflorocarbon - used as aerosol propellant and refrigerant
Air PressureGravity pulling air down. 14.7#/sq. in. at sea level.
IsobarCurving lines on a weather map that connect areas of equal pressure.
A type of barometerAnaeroid - it is an air tight box that detects changes in atmospheric pressure. When there is high pressure, the box is squeezed. When there is low pressure the box expands.
Humidityamount of moisture in the air. The more moisture the greater the humidity.
Humidity comes from?evaporation of bodies of water and moist soil, photosynthesis from plants
3 factors that effect windPGF, Coriolis Effect, Friction
PGFPressure Gradient Force. Depends on the distance between high and low pressure and the difference between the amount of high and low pressure.
Coriolis EffectFound in 1835. and changes the path of flowing wind. The faster the wnd the greater the coriolis effect.
FrictionSurface winds encounter more friction than winds high in the atmosphere
Which way does a land breeze blow?Toward land
Which way does a sea breeze blow?Toward the sea
How do you determine the name of a wind?From its origin.
How do you determine the direction of the wind?Winds blow from the flag of the weather symbol to the circle.
You can't cool off too well on a hot humid day due to this.low capacity of evaporative cooling.
Relative HumidityMeasurement for humidity. Amount of water vapor the air contains at a certain temperature compared with the amount it could hold at that temperature.
Dew PointThe temperature to which air must be cooled in order to meet its saturation point.
Saturation/Saturation PointWhen relative humidity is 100%. The air holds as much moisture that it can hold.
Mineralsbuilding blocks of rocks.
Lithificationto form rock
Compactionforming sedimentary rock through pressure
CementationForming sedimentary rock through a liquid mixture. Such as cement
Igneous rock"Formed by Fire"
Mechanical weathering of rockTakes place when physical forces erode rock away.
What are the 4 Layers of the Earth?Crust, Mantle, Outer Core, Inner Core
Who is Alfred Wegener?gDeveloped theory on Continental Drift
Evidence to support continental drift?Fossil records, mineral deposits, rock formations, and glacial striations all line up nicely when S. America and Africa are lined up.
What happens to old sea floor rock?It's subducted into the mantle.
SubductionWhen a rock layer goes under another one and is absorbed back into the mantle.
Deep sea trenchformed when an oceanic plate collides with another plate.
What natural events that occur at plate boundaries?volcanoes, earthquakes. . .
Convection currents?circulation of gas or liquid due to uneven heating and cooling of the substance.
What are examples of convection currents?Ex - magma in the asthenosphere, tropical storms/hurricanes, and land/sea breezes
Name the 3 types of faultsNormal, Reverse, and Strike-Slip
The fault where the hanging wall drops?Normal
The fault where the hanging wall rises over the footwall?Reverse
The fault where plates slide past each other?Strike-Slip
Name the 3 types of plate boundaries.Convergent, Divergent, and Transform-Fault boundaries
Continental-Continental Convergent plate boundary?When 2 continental plates collide, no subduction, mountain formation
Continental-Oceanic plate boundary?When an continental plate and oceanic plate collide. Creates a deep sea trench. Oceanic crust subducts below the Continental due to density diffrences
Oceanic-Oceanic plate boundary?When 2 oceanic plates collide. The result is subduction and a large deep sea trench. You also get great volcanoes at this boundary.
Are you ready for the final??????YES!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Mike Bishop

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