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Chapter 8: Photosynthesis

Prentice Hall Biology

AB
autotrophorganisms such as plants which make their own food
heterotrophorganisms such as animals that cannot use the sun's energy directly
adenosine triphosphateone of the principal compounds that living things use to store energy
photosynthesisplants use the energy of sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates (sugars and starches)
pigmentlight absorbing molecules that gather the sun's energy
chlorophyllthe principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisms, light energy
thylakoidthe saclike body in chloroplasts made of photosynthetic membranes that contain photosystems
stromathe region outside the thylakoid membranes in chloroplasts
NADP+(nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) one of the carrier molecules that transfers high-energy electrons from chlorophyll to other molecules
light-dependent reactionsreactions of photosynthesis that use energy from light to produce ATP and NADPH
ATP synthasea large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP
Calvin cyclereactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars


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