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Vocabulary and Properties of Algebra

VariableA letter that represents a number
Substituteto put in place of
Evaluateto find the value of
Like termsterms that have the same variable part
Coefficienta number by which a variable is multiplied
Polynomialthe general name for monomials, binomials, etc.
MonomialAn expression with one term
BinomialAn expression with two terms
TrinomialAn expression with three terms
OppositeAdditive inverse
Degree of a monomialThe number of times a variable occurs as a factor
Prime numbersA whole number greater than one having exactly two different factors, one and the number itself
Composite numbersA whole number greater than one having more than two factors
4 + 5 = 5 + 4An example of the commutative property of addition
12 x (6 x 3) = (12 x 6) x 3An example of the associative property of multiplication
4(3 + 5) = 4(3) + 4(5)An example of the distributive property of addition over multiplication
Absolute valueThe distance of any number from zero on the number line
List the set of natural numbers{1, 2, 3, 4, ...}
List the set of whole numbers{0, 1, 2, 3, 4, ...}
IntegersThe set of whole numbers and their opposites

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