Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

Fshizzle! Every SOL Term (except Civil Rights and Contemporary America)

AB
NationalismSense of extreme pride or loyalty to a nation
ImperialismQuest for colonial empires.
Allied PowersFrance, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, United States
Central PowersGermany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Bulgeria
Triple AllianceMilitary Alliance formed by Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy before WWI
Trench WarfareOpposing armies fighting from behind fixed fortifications
First Battle of the MarneThe German line from Ypres to Verdun
Treaty of VersaillesAgreement ending World War I
Triple EntenteMilitary alliance formed by Great Britain, France, and Russia before WWI
LusitaniaBritish passenger liner Torpedoed by German U-Boat
Sussex pledgeGermany again promises not to sink liners without warning
Robert LansingSecretary of State who encouraged trade in war materials
Pan-German MovementUniting all German-speaking peoples under one flag.
Pan-Slavic MovementBring together all Slavic peoples of central and eastern Europe
Archduke FerdinandHeir to the Austro-Hungarian Throne
Gavrilo Princip19 year old Serbian nationalist who killed Archduke Ferdinand
MilitarismGlorification of armed strength by a nation
Battle of Somme4 month battle in France killing and wounding 1 million people.
No-man's LandSmall strip of area between the trenches.
AlliancesCountries siding with other countries for military strength.
National Defense ActIncreased the number of soliers in the regular army from 90,000 to 175,000
Lusitania, Sussex, ArabicGerman U-Boats sunk these liners killing Americans and many others
War ZoneArea around Great Britain waters that German U-Boats will sink ships
Zimmerman NoteProposed alliance with Mexico to gain U.S. states: New Mexico, Texas, Arizona
April 1917The date that the United States enters World War I
1914The year that the Great War started in Europe
Jeannette Rankin1st Congresswomen voted no in America going to war
Selective Service Actmen ages 21-30 had to register for the draft [later changed to 18-45]
Woodrow WilsonElected President in 1916 and wrote "14 Points" and founded the League of Nations
Convoywere merchant vessels, escorted by American warships
Sedition ActThis made it illegal to criticize the government of the military
Treaty of Brest-LitovskRussian Bolsheviks sign this with the Central Powers
Marshall Ferdinand FochThe person from France agrees to join a unified Allied Army
Allied Victory 1918This was a Major offensive of America and France against Germany
Axis PowersGermany, Italy and Japan
Allied PowersBritain, France, U.S.S.R. and U.S.
StalinThe dictator of the Soviet Union during WW2
FDRThe President of the United States during WW2
TojoThe military leader of Japan during WW2
HitlerThe military dictator of Germany in WW2
NaziThe political party of Adolf Hitler
MussoliniThe fascist dictator of Italy during WW2
ChurchillThe Prime Minister of Britain during WW2
AppeasementAct of giving in to the demands of aggressors to keep fighting
Cash and CarryThe "neutral" policy of the U.S. would sell military provision to the Allies but not transport them.
Lend-LeaseDeparting from neutrality, the U.S. would give supplies to the Allies, without entering the war
Pearl HarborDecember 7, 1941- the date that will live in infamy- pushed the U.S. into the war
Battle of BritainThe bombing raids of the Nazi Air Force in 1940- the Royal Air Force held them back
PolandWhere Hitler invaded which actually started WW2
Island HoppingThe plan to cross the Pacific and get close enough to bomb Japan
Hitler FirstThe strategy of the U.S. and the Allies after Pearl Harbor to defeat the Axis powers
El AlameinThe turning point battle in North Africa where the U.S. helped stop the Axis threat to win oil fields in the Middle East
StalingradThe turning point on the Eastern front, where the Red Army forced the Nazis to retreat from the U.S.S.R
D-Day (Normandy)The land invasion of the Allies in France to open a second front against Hitler
MidwayThe turning point in the Pacific, where the U.S. stopped Japanese advancement
Iwo Jima and OkinawaBattle which gave U.S. airfields close enough to launch attacks on mainland of Japan
HiroshimaWhere the first atomic bomb was dropped on Japan
Harry TrumanThe President of the U.S. who decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan
KamikazeMeaning divine wind, these were the dangerous suicide fighters of Japan
BlitzkriegThe quick air and land attack used by Germany to quickly defeat an enemy
Tuskegee AirmenThe segregated African-American fighters in the Air Force
Nisei RegimentsThe segregated Japanese-American fighting units who were only allowed to fight in Europe.
NavajoThey were used as the code talkers in the Pacific, as the Japanese could not decipher their language.
Geneva ConventionThis agreement dealt with the proper treatment of prisoners of war
Bataan Death MarchAmerican POWs suffered brutal treatment by the Japanese after the surrender of the Philippines
HolocaustThe systematic extermination of the "undesirable" in German conquered territory
GenocideThe purposeful destruction of racial, political, religious or cultural group
Final SolutionHitler’s decision to exterminate the Jews in Europe
Anti-SemitismThe hatred of Jews
Mein KampfHitler’s book which outlined the basic beliefs of the Nazi Party, including anti-Semitism
Nuremberg TrialsEmphasizing individuals’ responsibilities during the war, these charged some Nazi official with war crimes of the Holocaust
Manhattan ProjectThe code-name of the building of the atomic bomb
Cold WarThe extreme tension between the U.S. and the Soviet Union after WW2
CommunismThe government/ economic system of the Soviet Union which opposes economic freedom
CapitalismThe economic system of the U.S. which supports economic freedom
PartitionTo separate
BerlinCold War hot spot which featured a blockade, airlift, and a wall—"free territory" inside a communist nation
Marshall PlanAmerican spending to help rebuild Europe after WW2 and prevent spread of communism
United NationsIt replaced the League of Nations, but was more powerful as the U.S. joined it
Security CouncilThe UN body that has power to make sanctions and enforce them
General AssemblyThe UN body that discusses world problems and makes suggestions
Truman DoctrineThe first American statement that the U.S. should intervene to contain communism
ContainmentStopping the spread of communism
KoreaU.S. took part in UN forces to fight communist aggression- it ended in stalemate
VietnamThe longest war in our history, U.S. tried to contain communism—we failed
CubaThis became the closest communist nation to the U.S. and the source of great agitation
NATOThis body was designed to stop the spread of communism in Europe by using a defensive alliance
TotalitarianType of government where the all aspects of people’s lives are controlled
Warsaw PactSoviets formed this defensive alliance in response to NATO
Iron CurtainPhrase to describe the separation between NATO and Warsaw Pact nations in Europe
ChinaThis nation turned communist in 1949, considered the greatest loss to America
Mao ZedongThe communist revolutionary in China
38th ParallelThe dividing line between North and South Korea
VietcongThe communist forces in Vietnam
VietnamizationNixon’s plan to return the fighting of the Vietnam war to the people of Vietnam
Ho Chi MinhThe Communist revolutionary leader in Vietnam
Fidel CastroThe communist revolutionary leader in Cuba
Bay of PigsCIA attempt to back Cuban exiles’ attempt to overthrow Communist government in Cuba
Missile CrisisU.S. demanded the Soviets withdraw nukes from Cuba- nearly sparked nuclear war
Domino TheoryThe idea that if one nation fell to communism, its neighbors would soon fall
Alger HissState department Soviet spy- caught and helped fuel Red Scare
RosenbergsSpies found guilty of selling atomic secrets to the Soviet Union
McCarthyismPhrase used to describe ruthless accusations of communist sympathizers with no evidence
Red ScareThe fear of communism in the United States
HAUCCommittee formed to investigate communists in the United States
Hampton RoadsArea of Virginia which benefited from Cold War spending on the military
TrumanPresident who initiated Cold War policies of containment
EisenhowerPresident who continued containment policies- he sent military advisors to Vietnam
KennedyPresident associated with Bay of Pigs and the Missile Crisis in Cuba
JohnsonPresident associated with escalation in Vietnam
NixonPresident who ordered withdraw of American Troops in Vietnam and visited China
Massive RetaliationThe idea to deter Soviet attack by building large arsenals of weapons
Joe McCarthyRose to power saying, "I have a list of known communists…"
Arms RaceThe rapid development of weapons to intimidate
Gulf of Tonkin ResolutionThe law passed by congress to allow Johnson to escalate the war in Vietnam
DétenteEasing of tensions in the Cold War in the 1970’s
GoldThis drive for colonization was purely economic
GodThis drive for colonization was to spread Christianity
GloryThis drive for colonization was to spread military strength of the mother country
EnglandThis nation colonized on the eastern coast of North America
FranceThis nation colonized in northern North America (Canada)
SpainThis nation colonized in South America and Central America
ColombusHe "discovered" America in 1492
subsistance farminggrowing enough food to eat, without a surplus
Puritanssettled in New England, seeking freedom from religious persecution and economic opportunity
covenant communitybased in ideas of the Mayflower Compact and religious principles
Mayflower Compactthe first written plan of government based on democracy in the New World
CavaliersEnglish nobility who received large land grants in eastern Virginia from the King of England
indentured servantspoor people who agreed to work on a plantation for a number of years in exchange for passage to the New World
JamestownThe first permanent English settlement in the New World
PlymouthThe Puritan settlement in the New World
Joint Stock Companybusiness venture of people investing money to create a colony, in hopes of making a profit
Appalachianthis mountain range prevented English colonists from moving further west
House of Burgessesthe first elected assembly in the New World
Diseasethe most deadly aspect of Europeans meeting the Native Americans
Tobaccothe product that allowed Virginia to become a profitable colony
John Smithsaved Jamestown during the "starving time"
Enlightenment MovementThe renewed interest in science and reason
Social ContractGovernments were created by people for protection, people can overthrow it
John LockeBelieved in Social Contract and people had NATURAL RIGHTS which were to be protected
Thomas PaineHe wrote the pamphlet "Common Sense", which advocated the colonists declare independence
Thomas JeffersonHe was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence
Common Sensehelped convince the colonies to declare independence and blamed King George III for the colonial problems.
Declaration of IndependenceThis document was based on the ideas of John Locke and Thomas Paine,
French and Indian WarDealt with land claims in the Ohio River Valley, resulting in a removal of French in North America.
Proclamation of 1763This ordered that English colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Salutary NeglectThe non-enforcement of the Navigation Acts, which ended after the French and Indian War.
Stamp ActThis act was passed so that the colonies would help pay for the French and Indian War.
Boston MassacreBritish soldiers fired into a rioting crowd of colonists.
Boston Tea PartyThis was an example of the colonial protest of the taxes
Sons of LibertyEarly patriots who agitated the British in Boston and called for independence
Intolerable ActsTo punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party/ sparked the First Continental Congress.
First Continental CongressThis meeting to protest Intolerable Acts, but hoped for a peaceful resolve.
MinutemenFired the first shots at Lexington and Concord against the British, volunteer soldiers for the Patriots
PatriotsThose who favored independence in the colonies
LoyalistsThose who wanted to peacefully resolve the conflict with the British and opposed independence.
NeutralsThose who were not partial to the Patriots or the Loyalists.
Lexington and ConcordThis is where the first shots of the Revolution were fired, even before the Independence was declared!
Patrick HenryPatriot who said, "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
Second Continental CongressThis meeting of the colonies declared independence.
SaratogaThis battle was the turning point of the Revolution, as it helped convinced France to enter a Treaty of Alliance
YorktownThe final battle; Lord Cornwallis was trapped between Washington and the French fleet.
George WashingtonThe commander of the American Continental forces during the Revolution.
Ben FranklinThe American who convinced the King of France to become an American ally
Treaty of ParisEnded the Revolutionary War, granted American independence and land west to the Mississippi River.
MercantilismEconomic system where colonies trade only with mother country
Enlightenment MovementThe renewed interest in science and reason
Social ContractGovernments were created by people for protection, people can overthrow it
John LockeBelieved in Social Contract and people had NATURAL RIGHTS which were to be protected
Thomas PaineHe wrote the pamphlet "Common Sense", which advocated the colonists declare independence
Thomas JeffersonHe was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence
Common Sensehelped convince the colonies to declare independence and blamed King George III for the colonial problems.
Declaration of IndependenceThis document was based on the ideas of John Locke and Thomas Paine,
French and Indian WarDealt with land claims in the Ohio River Valley, resulting in a removal of French in North America.
Proclamation of 1763This ordered that English colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Salutary NeglectThe non-enforcement of the Navigation Acts, which ended after the French and Indian War.
Stamp ActThis act was passed so that the colonies would help pay for the French and Indian War.
Boston MassacreBritish soldiers fired into a rioting crowd of colonists.
Boston Tea PartyThis was an example of the colonial protest of the taxes
Sons of LibertyEarly patriots who agitated the British in Boston and called for independence
Intolerable ActsTo punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party/ sparked the First Continental Congress.
First Continental CongressThis meeting to protest Intolerable Acts, but hoped for a peaceful resolve.
MinutemenFired the first shots at Lexington and Concord against the British, volunteer soldiers for the Patriots
PatriotsThose who favored independence in the colonies
LoyalistsThose who wanted to peacefully resolve the conflict with the British and opposed independence.
NeutralsThose who were not partial to the Patriots or the Loyalists.
Lexington and ConcordThis is where the first shots of the Revolution were fired, even before the Independence was declared!
Patrick HenryPatriot who said, "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
Second Continental CongressThis meeting of the colonies declared independence.
SaratogaThis battle was the turning point of the Revolution, as it helped convinced France to enter a Treaty of Alliance
YorktownThe final battle; Lord Cornwallis was trapped between Washington and the French fleet.
George WashingtonThe commander of the American Continental forces during the Revolution.
Ben FranklinThe American who convinced the King of France to become an American ally
Treaty of ParisEnded the Revolutionary War, granted American independence and land west to the Mississippi River.
MercantilismEconomic system where colonies trade only with mother country
Enlightenment MovementThe renewed interest in science and reason
Social ContractGovernments were created by people for protection, people can overthrow it
John LockeBelieved in Social Contract and people had NATURAL RIGHTS which were to be protected
Thomas PaineHe wrote the pamphlet "Common Sense", which advocated the colonists declare independence
Thomas JeffersonHe was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence
Common Sensehelped convince the colonies to declare independence and blamed King George III for the colonial problems.
Declaration of IndependenceThis document was based on the ideas of John Locke and Thomas Paine,
French and Indian WarDealt with land claims in the Ohio River Valley, resulting in a removal of French in North America.
Proclamation of 1763This ordered that English colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Salutary NeglectThe non-enforcement of the Navigation Acts, which ended after the French and Indian War.
Stamp ActThis act was passed so that the colonies would help pay for the French and Indian War.
Boston MassacreBritish soldiers fired into a rioting crowd of colonists.
Boston Tea PartyThis was an example of the colonial protest of the taxes
Sons of LibertyEarly patriots who agitated the British in Boston and called for independence
Intolerable ActsTo punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party/ sparked the First Continental Congress.
First Continental CongressThis meeting to protest Intolerable Acts, but hoped for a peaceful resolve.
MinutemenFired the first shots at Lexington and Concord against the British, volunteer soldiers for the Patriots
PatriotsThose who favored independence in the colonies
LoyalistsThose who wanted to peacefully resolve the conflict with the British and opposed independence.
NeutralsThose who were not partial to the Patriots or the Loyalists.
Lexington and ConcordThis is where the first shots of the Revolution were fired, even before the Independence was declared!
Patrick HenryPatriot who said, "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
Second Continental CongressThis meeting of the colonies declared independence.
SaratogaThis battle was the turning point of the Revolution, as it helped convinced France to enter a Treaty of Alliance
YorktownThe final battle; Lord Cornwallis was trapped between Washington and the French fleet.
George WashingtonThe commander of the American Continental forces during the Revolution.
Ben FranklinThe American who convinced the King of France to become an American ally
Treaty of ParisEnded the Revolutionary War, granted American independence and land west to the Mississippi River.
MercantilismEconomic system where colonies trade only with mother country
ratificationThe final approval of a document.
federalismDivision of power between the national government and the state governments
checks and balancesthis system ensures that no branch will have too much power as each has powers over the others
Supremacy ClauseNational Laws are the highest law of the land, especially the U.S. Constitution
Senatethis is the upper house of Congress, where each state has equal representation
Bill of Rightsthe first ten amendments to the Constitution which lists basic liberties of citizens
Great CompromiseThis was the agreement to have a bicameral legislature, one house with equal representation and the other based on state population.
3/5 CompromiseThis provision dictated how slaves would be counted in the population.
Separation of PowersDividing the governing powers of the National Government between three coequal branches
Virginia PlanThis plan at the Constitutional Convention called for representation to be based on state population.
Executive Branchthis branch enforces the laws
Legislative Branchthis branch makes the laws
Judicial Branchthis branch interprets the laws
House of Representativesthis is the lower house of Congress, where each state’s representation is based on it’s population
New Jersey PlanThis plan at the Constitutional Convention called for a weak national government where each state would have equal representation.
FederalistsThose who supported the Constitution
Anti-FederalistsThose who opposed the ratification of the Constitution
James MadisonThe Father of the Constution"
George WashingtonHe presided over the Constitutional Convention
VA Statute of Religious FreedomWritten by Jefferson, this established the principle in VA for separation of church and State
VA Declaration of RightsWritten by George Mason, this was used as a basis for the Bill of Rights
constitutiona written plan of government
Articles of Confederationthe first constitutional government of the United States
Federalist PapersWritten to encourage ratification of Constitution in NY and VA
RepublicanismBelief in having a government through elected officials
George WashingtonAt the close of his presidency, the first political parties developed over the issue of the national bank
CabinetThe President’s informal advisory committee established by Washington
John AdamsFederalist President associated with the XYZ Affair and the Alien and Sedition Acts
XYZ AffairInternational scandal as French officials demanded bribes, Adams refused!
Alien and Sedition ActsThese were passed to silence critics of Adams and the Federalists, would probably have been a violation of freedom of speech
Alexander HamiltonFederalist leader who wanted to establish a national bank
Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican President associated with the Louisiana Purchase and his opposition to the National Bank
ImpressmentThe British practice of forcing sailors back into the British Navy from American ships
Louisiana PurchaseThe land acquisition in 1803 doubled the size of the United States- it came from France
Lewis and ClarkLed the expedition of scientific discovery through the territory west of the Mississippi
SacajaweaShe served as a guide and translator for the Lewis and Clark Expedition
FederalistsPolitical Party that believed in a strong government, industrial economy and a national bank
Democratic-RepublicansPolitical party that believed in a weaker government, agricultural economy and opposed the national bank
John MarshallThe Federalist justice of the Supreme Court who’s decisions strengthened the power of the national government
Marbury v. MadisonThis court decision established the principle of judicial review
Judicial reviewThe power of the courts to declare a law or action of government unconstitutional
McCulloch v. MarylandThis decision prohibited states from taxing agencies of the national government
War of 1812This produced American claims to the Oregon Territory, and increased American migration to Florida
War HawksThese members of Congress supported war with Britain and wanted to gain Canada
Monroe DoctrineIsolationist statement which claimed Americas were closed to further colonization
Missouri CompromiseThis kept the balance of slave and free states and drew a "slave line" through the west
Battle of New OrleansThe outcome did not affect the war, but made Andrew Jackson a hero
Protective Tariffsmade the price of imported manufactured goods much more expensive
Northern Economyindustrial economy based on manufacturing
Southern Economyagricultural economy consisting of a slavery-based system of plantations
Cotton Gininvention which separates seeds from cotton and increased slavery
The LiberatorAbolitionist paper written by William Lloyd Garrison in the North
Uncle Tom's CabinThe novel that inflamed Northern abolitionist sentiment written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Frederick DouglassFormer slave who spoke against the evils of slavery
Nat TurnerLed a violent rebellion in Virginia, which resulted in stricter slave codes
abolitionista person who wants to end slavery
Balance of Powerthe drive to be sure that there were equal numbers of slave and free states
secedeto leave the union
States' RightsIdea that states could nullify national laws
Missouri Compromisedrew an east-west line through the Louisiana Purchase, with slavery prohibited above the line and allowed below
Compromise of 1850California entered as a free state, while the new Southwestern territories acquired from Mexico would decide on their own
Kansas-Nebraska ActGave people in territories the choice whether to allow slavery in their states- led to violence
popular sovereigntyright of people to vote to decide the issue of slavery
Republican PartyThis was founded in the 1850's to oppose the spread of slavery
Abraham Lincolnhe opposed the extension of slavery, but was not an abolitionist
Stephen Douglashe supported popular sovereignty, but disagreed with slavery
Bleeding Kansasfighting erupted over the issue of popular sovereignty in the territories
Dred Scottcourt ruled that this man was property, not free, and could not be a citizen
Fugitive Slave ActAllowed southerners to hunt for runaway slaves in the north, made it illegal to help slaves escape
suffragethe right to vote
Seneca Falls Declarationorganized statement demanding women's rights, including suffrage
Elizabeth Cady Stantonone of the women associated with the women's suffrage movement before and after the Civil War
Susan B. Anthonyone of the women associated with the women's suffrage movement before and after the Civil War
John BrownViolent abolitionist associated with Bleeding Kansas
Election of LincolnSparked the Secession of the Southern States
ConfederacyName given to the groups of states attempting to secede
Ft. SumterWhere the first shots of the Civil War were fired
secessionthe act of leaving the Union
Battle of GettysburgTurning point of the war
Battle of AntietemAfter this battle, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation
AppomattoxWhere Lee surrendered to Grant, which ended the Civil War
Robert E. LeeThe primary Confederate General who urged quick re-unification
Abraham Lincolnpresident of the United States during the Civil War
Ulysses S. GrantPrimary Union military commander at end of war after others failed
George McClellanOne of the early failed Union Commanders (he had the "slows")
William T. ShermanUnion leader who used a scorched earth policy in his march through Georgia
Jefferson DavisThe President of the Confederacy
Frederick DouglassFormer slave and abolitionist who pushed for using black troops in the Union
John Wilkes BoothThe man who shot Abraham Lincoln
Emancipation ProclamationThis order freed the slaves only in "rebelling" states
Border StatesThese were slave states that stayed loyal to the Union
Gettysburg Address"That this nation, of the people, by the people and for the people shall not perish from the earth"
Lincoln's Reconstruction PlanWith malice toward none, with charity for all...
Radical RepublicansCongress members who wished for harsh reconstruction
ReconstructionAttempt to bring the Union back together after the Civil War
Grant's PresidencyRemembered mostly as series of bungles and corruption
Andrew JohnsonLincoln's successor who was impeached
ImpeachProcess of charging a President of a crime and attempting to remove from office
13th AmendmentSlavery was abolished in the United States
14th AmendmentDue process and citizenship was given to blacks
15th AmendmentVoting rights given to freed MEN (former slaves)
Compromise of 1877Hayes was chosen as President as compromise to end Reconstruction
Jim Crow Eraperiod when African-Americans were denied full rights of citizenship
Tenant Farming and SharecroppingThese replaced the old plantation system of farming
corporationproviding limited liability for investors to pool money to start a company
monopolywhen an individual or small group controls the market of a product or service
Bessemer Processthe newer and cheaper way to make steel
Thomas Edisoninventor who developed the light bulb and developed electricity
Alexander Bellinventor of the telephone
Wright Brothersinvented the airplane
Henry Forddeveloped assembly line manufacturing
assembly linehelped increase production by moving product along conveyor belts
Model T Automobilefirst major product developed by Ford for assembly line
Robber Baronsnegative term used for the industrial captains of industry
Andrew Carnegieindustrial leader who dominated the steel industry
railroadsthe industry which consumed the most steel before 1900
JP Morganindustrial leader who dominated finance and banking
John Rockeffellerindustrial leader who dominated the oil industry
Cornelius Vanderbiltindustrial leader who dominated railroads
free enterpriselaissez-faire capitalism, believing the government should encourage business
immigrantssupplied most of the cheap labor needed during industrialism
land grantsthese were given to railroad builders to encourage development
trustdeveloped so industrialists could control large corporations
horizontal integrationgaining a monopoly by purchasing a level of the marketplace
vertical integrationincreasing profit by owning all levels of production and distribution
supply and demandthis rule of commerce controls price and production of goods
Progressive MovementSought to return control of the government to the people and fix problems of urbanization
MuckrakersJournalists who exposed the wrongs in society to spark reform
Eugene DebsFounded the Railway Union and the American Socialist Party
Theodore RooseveltProgressive President who advocated the "Square Deal"
ConservationProgressive goal to manage natural resources
Trustconsolidation of competing companies which is run as a corporation
Pure Food and Drug ActLaw which halted the sale of "bad" food and false advertising
William H. TaftProgressive President who was believed to bungle reforms
Hepburn ActThis law gave strength to the Interstate Commerce Commission
Bull Moose PartyThis group formed to support Roosevelt in his reform efforts
Woodrow WilsonProgressive President who advocated a program called "New Freedom"
Clayton Anti-Trust ActLaw that made monopolies illegal and protected unions- strengthened Sherman Act
Sixteenth AmendmentThis provided for a progressive income tax
Seventeenth AmendmentProvided for direct election of senators in states
Eighteenth AmendmentProhibited the manufacture and sale of alcohal illegal
Nineteenth AmendmentGranted women's suffrage
Federal ReserveReformed banking system that controls money supply and credit
Sherman Anti-trust ActFirst law to limit trusts- it was not succcessful
Commission GovernmentLocal Government reform of Progressive Era
ReferendumThis allows voters to vote directly on legislation in their state
InitiativeThis allows people to propose legislation at the state level
RecallThis allows voters to end a term of an elected official using a special vote
Primary ElectionThis allows members of a party to select the person who will run for office in the general election
Secret BallotThis reform made elections private- to reduce outside interference
American Federation of LaborFounded by Samuel Gompers, this Union combined SKILLED laborers
Knights of LaborThis labor union accepted unskilled laborers
Haymarket Square RiotLabor strike that turned violent when an anarchist threw a bomb
Homestead StrikeStrike against Carnegie Steel- turned violent when scabs were hired
Pullman StrikeRailway workers protested low wages - the strike turned violent
Susan B. AnthonyShe worked to gain women's suffrage
ReliefThe goal to immediately help those in need by a "handout".
RecoveryThe goal to help get business moving again.
ReformThe goal to prevent future collapse of the economy.
Civilian Conservation CorpsThis program provided jobs for men to work in nature
Works Progress AdministrationProvided direct payment to people for immediate help- doing many kinds of jobs
Agricultural Adjustment ActDesigned to cut food production to help farmers
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporationhelped banks by government backing money people put into banks
Social Security Actprovided a pension for retired workers and their families
Tennessee Valley AuthorityProvided flood control and electricity in rural areas
Bank HolidayImmediate closing of the banks to re-open when they could prove they were safe
National Recovery AdministrationGave business codes of "fair practices" to businesses
Securities Exchange CommissionReform efforts for the Stock Market to prevent another crash
Fair Labor Standards ActProvided for a minimum wage and max work week, and outlaws child labor
Dust BowlExtreme drought suffered by the farmers of the great plains
Fireside ChatsThe radio addresses given by Roosevelt to explain New Deal policies
Brain TrustExperts who were called on by Roosevelt to get ideas to solve the Depression


Social Studies Teacher
Ocean Lakes High School
Virginia Beach, VA

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