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USII.3c-4b FLASHCARDS

AB
USII.3c - "Jim Crow" laws made discrimination ___ in many states.legal
USII.3c - Who was Booker T. Washington and how did he respond to the issue of segregation?, An African American leader willing to accept social segregation, he believed that African Americans would achieve equality in time through education.
USII.3c - Who was W.E.B. Du Bois and how did he respond to the issues of segregation and discrimination?, An African American leader who wanted immediate political, civil and social equality for African Americans at any cost
USII.3c - How did Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois differ in their response to discrimination?Washington was willing to accept some degree of segregation, and advocated moving more slowly to equality through education. DuBois demanded immediate equality for African Americans.
USII.3d - Between the Civil War and World War I, the U.S. was transformed from a(n) _____ to a(n) ______ nation.agricultural --- industrial
USII.3d - What created the rise in big business in the late 1800s?National markets created by transportation advances; Captains of industry like Rockefeller (oil) Carnegie (steel), and Ford (cars); Advertising; Lower-cost production
USII.3d - What caused the industrialization of the late 1800s?Access to raw materials and energy; Availability of work force; Inventions; Financial resources
USII.3d - What are some examples of "big business" that emerged after the Civil War?Railroads, Oil, Steel
USII.3d - Who was the oil "captain of industry"?, John D. Rockefeller
USII.3d - Who emerged as the captain of the steel industry?, Andrew Carnegie
USII.3d - Who emerged as the captain of the auto industry?Henry Ford
USII.3d - How did farm life change after the Civil War?, Mechanization (e.g., the reaper) reduced farm labor needs and increased production; Industrialization provided access to consumer goods by mail order
USII.3d - Industrial development in the cities increased the need for -labor
USII.3d - How did changes in farm life fuel industrialization?Mechanization meant fewer workers were needed on the farms, freeing up labor for the cities.
USII.3d - What effect did mechanization (e.g., the reaper) have on the farms?Mechanization increased productivity and reduced labor needs. Farm laborers left for the cities to work in industry.
USII.3e - What were some of the negative effects of industrialization?, Child labor; Low wages and long hours; Unsafe working conditions
USII.3e - What were some of the workplace reforms brought about by the Progressive Movement?Improved safety conditions; Reduced work hours; Restrictions on child labor
USII.3e - What did Progressive Movement reformers want?Reformers wanted laws to protect workers and poor people, to reform government and to regulate business.
USII.3e - The women's suffrage movement wanted:voting rights for women, and increased educational opportunities for women
USII.3e - The negative effects of industrialization led to:, the rise of organized labor; progressive movement and workplace reforms
USII.3e - This union pushed for higher wages, shorter hours and better working conditions. It was stronger in the skilled trades than the factories, and preferred bargaining over strikes.The AFL - American Federation of Labor
USII.3e - In 1892, 13 men were killed in a battle between striking steelworkers and strikebreakers at Carnegie's steel plant in Pittsburgh. This strike is known as the -Homestead Strike
USII.3e - What was an important result of the Homestead Strike?Americans turned against unions and organized labor which they blamed for the violence.
USII.3e - Which Constitutional Amendment finally gave women the right to vote and when was it adopted?The 19th amendment, adopted in 1920, gave women the right to vote.
USII.3e - What did Susan B. Anthony do?She worked for women's suffrage.
USII.3e - What was the name of the movement of those against alcohol consumption and production?The Temperance Movement
USII.3e - What was the 18th amendment?It prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcoholic beverages.
USII.4a - In what year did the Spanish American War take place?, 1898
USII.4a - Where did the fighting take place during the Spanish American War?Mostly Cuba and the Philippines
USII.4a - As a result of victory over Spain in the Spanish American War, the United States emerged as a -world power
USII.4a - The Spanish American War started when Cuban nationalists revolted against the Spanish ruling government. Who did the US support?Cuban nationalists
USII.4a - Reporters covering the Spanish American War exaggerated Spanish atrocities in order to sell newspapers. This became known as -, yellow journalism
USII.4a - What were some of the reasons for the Spanish American War?Protection of American business interests in Cuba; American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain; Tensions resulting from the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor; Exaggerated news reports of events (Yellow Journalism)
USII.4a - What was important about the U.S. battleship Maine?, It was sunk off of the coast of Cuba. The U.S. blamed the Spanish and used it as an excuse to declare war on Spain.
USII.4a - What possessions did the U.S. gain was a result of the Spanish American War?The Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico
USII.4a - What happened to Cuba as a result of the Spanish American War?Cuba gained independence from Spain.
USII.4a - What was the Spanish American War all about?The U.S. declared war on Spain in 1898 in support of Cuban rebels wanting independence from Spain.
USII.4a - During what event was news reporting so exaggerated that it was termed Yellow Journalism?The Spanish American War
USII.4b - What happened in 1914?, World War I broke out in Europe
USII.4b - What was the U.S. response when war broke out in Europe in 1914?The U.S. did not want to become involved in European conflicts, and did not enter the war until 3 years later.
USII.4b - The U.S. policy before World War I of avoiding involvement in world affairs is called-Isolationism
USII.4b - Why did the US finally enter the war in Europe in 1917?Inability to remain neutral; German submarine warfare— sinking of Lusitania; U.S. economic and political ties to Great Britain
USII.4b - What was the significance of the Lusitania?, A ship sunk by a German sub during World War I, killing American passengers. This and other German sub warfare prompted the U.S. to enter the war in Europe.
USII.4b - Who were the Allies in World War I?Great Britain; France; Russia; Serbia; Belgium
USII.4b - The countries fighting the Allies during World War I were called:Central Powers
USII.4b - Who were the Central Powers?Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
USII.4b - In what year did World War I break out? In what year did the U.S. enter the fighting in World War I?World War I broke out in 1914 and the US entered the war in 1917.
USII.4b - After World War I ended, what did President Woodrow Wilson propose?A peace plan that called for the formation of the League of Nations, a peacekeeping organization
USII.4b - What was the League of Nations?A peacekeeping organization proposed by Woodrow Wilson that the US refused to join


7th & 8th Grade English Teacher
Eva School

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