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7th - Ch. 8: Basic Chinese Philosophy Info

Confucian philosophy focused most on what four things?Proper Conduct, Respect for Elders, Education, and Government Service
Confucian Philosophy is based on what two things?Teachings of Confucius + Ancient Chinese Tradition
5 Most Important Relationships to Confucius -Ruler/Subject, Parent/Child, Husband/Wife, Sibling/Sibling, Friend/Friend
Words that Confucius would use to reflect how those in lower postions should treat those in authority -Loyal, Honest, Faithful and Obedient
Founder of Buddhism?Siddhartha Gautama - also known as "the Buddha"
1st Noble Truth of BuddhismAll of life is suffering and pain
2nd Noble Truth of BuddhismSuffering and Pain caused by your desire for wealth, fame, pleasure and power
3rd Noble Truth of BuddhismTo end suffering you must overcome desire
4th Noble Truth of BuddhismOne must follow "the middle way" and avoid extremes
What is Nirvana?The condition of desiring nothing
What is Enlightenment?Complete freedom and peace
How do you end the cycle of life and end reincarnation?Achieve Nirvana (the condition of not desiring anything)
Who is the founder of Daoism (Taoism)?Laozi or Lao-tze (pronounced Lou-tza)
What is the Dao?An indescribable universal force (similiar to THE FORCE in Star Wars)
What are humans part of according to the Daoist philosophy?Humans are part of Nature
What should humans learn from Nature?That CHANGE is part of everything
How do you achieve peace according to Daoist teachings?By leading a BALANCED LIFE in tune with nature
According to Daoist teachings what symbol represents the opposite forces of nature?Yin and the Yang
According to Buddhist, how does one reach Enlightenment?Through Meditation
Which philosophy replaced Confucianism in China following the Han dynasty because it offered an escape from suffering?Buddhism
What title would Buddhist give to the person they call the "Enlightened One"?The Buddha

Mr. Macfarlane

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