Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

Midterm Review

ArcheologyThe study of ancient peoples
ArtifactsAn item left behind by early people that represents their culture
CivilizationA highly developed culture. Usually with organized religions and laws.
EconomicsThe study of money and business.
Primary SourceA document or object from the actual time period being studied.
Peninsulabody of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded by water on three sides.
LandformsMountains, Hills, Plains, Plateaus, etc.
EquatorAn imginary line that divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres
LatitudeThe distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees
Longitudedistance east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured in degrees
Scalea measuring line that helps you determine distance on a map
Ice AgeA period of extreamly cold temperature.
PuebloHome or community of homes built by Native Americans of the South West.
NomadPeople who move from place to place. Ussually in search of food.
Culturea way of life a group of people share
Droughta long period of time with out rain
TerraceSteps carved into mountains sides for farming.
Carbon DatingA scientific process used to determine the age of an artifact.
TheocracyTyped of government where religous leaders rule.
DissentA disagreement with or opposition to an opinion.
BeringiaLand brige that once connected North America with Asia.
AbobeSun dried mud brick
MissionA religious settlement.
Columbian ExchangeThe exchange of goods, ideas and people from the Americas to Europe.
Northwest PassageA water route to Asia through North America sought by European explorers.
Indentured ServantA laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America.
TolerationThe acceptance of different beliefs.
PacifistA person opposed to the use of war or violence to settle disputes.
CarvelA small fast ship with a broad bow.
CircumnavigateTo sail completely around the world.
BoycottTo refuse to buy items from a particular country to refuse in order to show disapproval or force acceptance of one's terms.
TidewaterA region of flat low lying plains along the sea coast.
BackcountryA region of hills and forests west of the tidewater.
MercantilismThe theory that a state or nations power depends on its wealth.
EncomiendaA system of rewarding conquistadors with tracts of land and the right to tax and demand labor from Native Americans who lived on the land.
AstrolabeAn instrument used by sailors to observe positions of stars.
Cash CropFarm crops raised to be sold for money.
Subsistence FarmingFarming in which only enough foof to feed one's family is produced.
BurgessesElected representatives to an assembly.
Mayflower CompactA formal document written in 1620 that provided law and order ti the Plymouth colony.
Middle PassageThe forced shipment of people from Africa to the U.S. to become slaves.
Declaration of IndepenceWritten by Thomas Jefferson. It annoced that the United States was it's own country.
LoyalistAmerican colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
PatriotAmerican colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won.
MercenariesPaid soldier who serves the army of a foreign country. German or "Hessian" troops where mercenaries.
Blockadecut off a port or area with the use of warships. Prevents people or goods from moving in or out.
Ambushsurprise attack
Gurilla WarfareFighting by small bands of warriors using tactics such as ambushes
FederalisumThe goverment is broken in to layers. (Federal, State, County, local)
Seperation PowersThe powers of the goverment divided into three branches. (Executive, Legislative, Judicial)

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