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Geography-1

Looking at the Earth

AB
Geographythe study of the earth and its land, water, and plant and animal life
Absolute Locationthe exact position of a place on the earth's surface
Hemisphereone-half of the globe; the Equator divides the earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres; the Prime Meridian divides it into Eastern and Western Hemispheres
Latitudelocation north or south of the equator
Longitudelocation east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured by imaginary lines (meridians) numbered in degrees east or west
Grid Systemnetwork of imaginary lines on the earth's surface, formed by the criss-crossing patterns numbered in degrees north or south
Relative Locationthe position of a place on the earth's surface in relation to another
Placedescribing the typical characteristics that distinguish one place from another
Environmentnatural surroundings
Movementone of the geographic themes, describing how people from different places interact
Regionone of the geographic themes, defining parts of the earth that share common characteristics
Galaxyhuge system in the universe including millions of stars
Solar Systemgroup of planets and other bodies that revolve around the sun
Orbitelliptical path that a planet follows in revolving around the sun
Revolutionfor a planet, one complete trip around the sun
Leap Yearyear with 366 days to account for the extra one-fourth day in Earth’s revolution around the sun
Axisthe horizontal (bottom) or vertical (side) line measurement on a graph
Solsticeday in June and December when the sun is directly overhead at the Tropic of Cancer (23½ degrees North) or Tropic of Capricorn (231/2 degrees South) marking the beginning of summer or winter
Equinoxday in March and September when the sun’s rays are directly overhead at the Equator, making day and night of equal length
Landformone of the features that make up the earth's surface, such as a plain, mountain, or valley
Corecentral layer of the earth, probably composed of hot iron and nickel, solid in the inner core and molten in the outer
Mantlemiddle layer of the earth, composed of thick, hot rock
Crustouter layer of the earth
Magmamelted rock within the earth’s mantle
Continentone of the major land areas of the earth
Plate Tectonicstheory in geology that the earth’s crust is made up of huge, moving plates of rock
Faultcrack in the rocks of the earth’s crust along which movement occurs
Earthquakeviolent jolting or shaking of the earth caused by movement of rocks along a fault
Tsunamihuge sea wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor
Weatheringprocess by which surface rocks are broken down into smaller pieces by water, chemicals, or frost
Erosionwearing away of the earth’s surface, mainly by water, wind, or ice
Plateauflat landform whose surface is raised above the surrounding land, with a steep cliff on one side
Isthmusnarrow piece of land connecting two larger pieces of land
Peninsulapiece of land surrounded by water on three sides
Straitnarrow body of water lying between two pieces of land
Atmospherethick cushion of gases surrounding the earth, made up mainly of the gases nitrogen and oxygen
Geographic Themesplace, movement, region, location, and human/environment interaction


Katie

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