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Geography-3

The World's People

AB
Cultureway of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs, including language and religion
Civilizationhighly developed culture, usually with organized religion and laws
Cultural Diffusionprocess by which knowledge and skills spread from one area to another
Language Familygroup of languages that comes from a common ancestor
Standard of Livingmeasure of quality of life based on income and material goods
Literacy Ratepercentage of adults in a society who can read & write
Free Enterprisebasis of a market economy in which people start and run businesses to make a profit with little government intervention
Socialismeconomic system in which government sets economic goals and may own some businesses
Emigrateto move from one’s native country to another country
Refugeeperson who has to flee to another country for safety from disaster or danger
Population Densityaverage number of people living in a square mile or square kilometer
Urbanizationtendency of a country’s people to move from rural areas to cities
Developed Countrycountry that is industrialized rather than agricultural
Developing Countrycountry in the process of becoming industrialized
Demographerscientist who studies population
Birthratenumber of children born each year for every 1,000 people
Death Ratenumber of deaths each year for every 1,000 people
Faminelack of food, affecting large number of people
Natural Resourceanything from the natural environment that people use to meet their needs
Renewable Resourceresource that is replaced naturally or can be grown quickly
Nonrenewable Resourcemetals and other minerals that cannot be replaced once they are used up
Fossil Fuelsgroup of nonrenewable mineral resources-coal, oil, natural gas-formed in the earth’s crust from plant and animal remains
Subsistence Farmingfarming that produces only enough to support a family’s needs
Service Industrybusiness that provides services to people rather than producing goods
Pollutionputting impure or poisonous substances into land, water, or air
Pesticidechemicals used to kill insects and other pests
Acid Rainprecipitation in which water carries large amounts of chemicals, especially sulfuric acid
Hydroelectric Powerelectric power generated by falling water
Solar Energypower produced by the heat of the sun


Katie

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