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Some New, Some old terms

Carefully learn these new terms as they apply to your other ones

Fictionis prose created from the imagination and usually narrative.
Proseis writing that uses straightforward language and that differs from poetry in that it doesn’t have a rhythmic pattern.
Works of fiction usually contain the elements ofcharacter, plot, setting, and theme.
A characteris a person (or sometimes an animal) who takes part in the action of a literary work.
A protagonistis the main character in a story.
An antagonistis a character who struggles against the main character.
A major characteris one who plays an important role in a literary work.
A minor characteris one who plays a lesser role.
Characters come alive in fictionthrough characterization.
Characterizationis the act of creating a character.
A plotusually contains the introduction of a conflict, its development, and its eventual resolution.
A story may begin with exposition,the introduction of the setting and characters.
The inciting incidentis the event that introduces the central conflict.
The rising action, or complicationdevelops the conflict to a high point of intensity.
The climaxis the highest point of suspense in the story.
The crisis, or turning pointis the point in the story where something happens to decide the future course of events.
The falling actionis all the events that follow the climax.
The resolutionis the point at which the central conflict ends.
The dénouementFrench word meaning resolution -- any final material that finishes the story.
The setting in a work of fiction (or any other literary work)is the time and place in which it happens.
In fiction, the settingis often revealed through the description of the landscape, buildings, rooms, scenery, weather, and season.
The settingreveals important information about the time period, geographical location, cultural environment, and physical conditions in which the characters live.
A theme of a work of fiction (or any other literary work)is a central idea of the work.
A subject of a workis its topic, such as “horses,” “friendship,” or “tornadoes.”
A themeis a broad statement about a topic, such as “animals can be our most loyal companions,” “friends are worth more than money,” or “tornadoes might destroy buildings but not communities.” Many stories share the same subject but have different themes because they make unique statements about that subject.
Mood, or atmosphereis the feeling or emotion the writer creates in a literary work.
Short stories, novels, and novellasare types of fiction.
A short storyis a brief work of fiction that contains a definite beginning, middle, and end.
A novelis a long work of fiction that usually has more complex elements than a short story. Its longer format allows the elements of fiction to be more fully developed.
A novellais a work of fiction that is longer than a typical short story but shorter than a typical novel.
The term novel comes fromnovella, which is Italian for a tight-knit, realistic, prose tale.

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