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Interpreting Tests

Terms useful for interpreting educational tests

Achievement TestMastery of Standardized Sets of Skills
Criterion-ReferencedInstruction based assessnebt
End-of-Grade TestsMeasures of growth and performance according to grade level expectations
Focused Holistic ScoreUsed to evaluate writing skills
Diagnostic TestUsed to analyze specific strengths & weaknesses
FrequencyNumbers of objects, individuals in category
GainDifference between test score in year 1 and year 2
GrowthCohort difference in test score across grades/year
MeanSum of scores divided by total number of scores
MedianMiddle score in ordered distribution
ModeMors frequently occurring score
NNumber of students with valid test scores
Norm-Referenced TestMeasures performance in relation to comparison group
PercentilesPercentage of scores that fall below a given score
RangeMeasure of variability between high and low
Scale ScoreUnits of equal-intervals
ReliabilityConsistency in measuring whatever it should measure
ValidityMeasures what is says it measures
Standardized TestSystematic sample, administration, scoring, and interpretation of performance
TestletsNCSCS mini-tests

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