A | B |

absolute cell reference | A reference that does not change when a formula is copied or moved. |

external reference | A cell or range on a worksheet in another Excel workbook, or a defined name in another workbook. |

mixed reference | A reference in which one component is absolute and one is relative. |

reference | A component of a formula that identifies a cell or a range of cells on a worksheet. |

relative cell reference | A reference that changes “relative” to the location where it is copied or moved. |

arguments | A component of a function that is enclosed in parentheses. |

constant | A number or text value that is entered directly into a formula. |

formula | An equation that performs calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, on values in a worksheet. |

function | A predefined formula that performs a calculation. |

mathematical operator | An element that specifies a calculation to be performed. |

name | A meaningful and logical identifier that a user can apply to make it easier to understand the purpose of a cell reference, constant, formula, or table. |

operand | An element that identifies the value to be used in a calculation. |

scope | The location within which Excel recognizes an item without qualification. |