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2.1 Key Terms

glycogenprotein hormone secreted by pancreas that raises blood glucose levels (does the opposite action of insulin)
Glucose Tolerance TestA test of the body’s ability to metabolize glucose that involves the administration of a measured dose of glucose to the fasting stomach and the determination of blood glucose levels in the blood or urine at intervals thereafter and that is used especially to detect diabetes.
Homeostasisinternal stability or balance
Hormonea product that produces a specific effect on the activity of cells
InsulinA protein hormone secreted by the pancreas that is essential for the metabolism of carbohydrates and the regulation of glucose levels in the blood
Negative Feedbackmechanism that causes a change in the direction of the action
Positive Feedbackfeedback that tends to magnify a process or continues in the same direction
Type 1 DiabetesDiabetes of a form that usually develops during childhood or adolescence and is characterized by a severe deficiency of insulin, leading to high blood glucose levels
Type 2 DiabetesDiabetes of a form that develops especially in adults and most often obese individuals and that is characterized by high blood glucose resulting from impaired insulin utilization coupled with the body’s inability to compensate with increased insulin production.

Summerville, SC

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