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MOS 160 Unit 3 Terminology Study Guide Medical Office Finance Matching 1

Bonewit: Chapter 11 Endocrine System Leonard: Chapter 15 Endocrine System Beikonar: Chapter 13 Procedural Eval and Mngmnt & HCPCS Coding

AdenomaTumor of a gland
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)Reacts with receptor sites in the cortex of the adrenal gland to stimulate the secretion of cortical hormones, particularly cortisol.
CretinismCondition caused by congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion and marked by arrested physical and mental development.
Diabetes InsipidusA disorder associated with a deficiency of antidiurectic hormone (ADH), one hormone produced by the pituitary gland, or inability of the kidneys to respond to ADH.
DwarfismDiseased caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood; it causes a person to be much smaller than niormal size.
Endocrine glandDuctless glands tht secrete their hormones into the bloodstream.
EstrogenSteroid hormone that promotes development and maintenance of female charateristics of body.
Exocrine glandGland that secretes its product to a surface or cavity through ducts; opposite of the endocrine gland.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)Gonadotropic hormone that stimulates the growth of ovarian follicles and eggs in females and the production of sperm in males. It works in conjuction with the Luteinizing Hormone (LH).
Glucagona protein hormone that is produced especially by the islets of Langerhans and that promotes an increase in the sugar content of the blood by increasing the rate of glycogen breakdown in the liver
Growth hormoneStimulates the growth of bones, muscles and other organs by promoting protein synthesis.
HormoneThe secretory products of endocrine glands.
HypersecretionExcessive hormone production
InsulinRegulation of blood glucose by coordinating with other hormones.
MelatoninA hormone that is produced by the pineal gland and is intimately involved in regulating the sleeping and waking cycles, among other processes.
MyxedemaA life - threatening condition that results from long - term, untreated hypothyroidism
NorepinephrineNorepinephrine is a chemical released from the sympathetic nervous system in response to stress. It is classified as a neurotransmitter, a chemical that is released from neurons. Because the release of norepinephrine affects other organs of the body, it is also referred to as a stress hormonem is also a vasoconstrictor.
PancreasElongated gland, 6 to 9 inches in length. It secretes pancreatic juice into the small intestine. It also has cells that secrete the hormones insulin and glucagon, which lower and raise glucose levels in the blood.
PolydipsiaIncreased thirst
ProgesteroneA hormone secreted by the ovaries that causes the uterine lining to thicken in preparation for pregnancy and then maintains pregnancy.
Target tissueA tissue (cells) that responds to a particular hormone because it has receptor sites for that hormone.
Thyroid scanTest in which radioactive element is administered that localizes in the thyroid gland. The gland can then be visualized with a scanning device to detect pathology such as tumors.
Antidiuretic hormonePromotes the reabsorption of water by the kidney tubules, with the result that less water is lost as urine. Suppression of urine formation.
AdenectomyThe surgical removal of any gland.
Adrenalectomysurgical removal of an adrenal gland.
Androgens(major androgen is testosterone) Development and maintenance of masculinizing characteristics
CortisoneImportant in regulation of body metabolism
-crineTo secrete
Diabetes mellitusThe well-known type of diabetes that produces hyperglycemia and is associated with insufficient or improper use of insulin.
End-, endoInside
EpinephrineAlso known as adrenaline. A substance produced by the medulla inside of the adrenal gland
Ex-, Exo-out, without, away from
ExophthalmosProtrusion of the eyeballs
GigantismCondition in which a person reaches an abnormal stature; it results from hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood.
GoiterAn enlarged thyroid gland that is usually evident as a pronounced swelling in the neck.
HormoneThe secretory products of the endocrine gland
HypersectionExcessive hormone production
Hypo-Beneath or below normal
Luteinizing HormoneHormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland tht stimulate ovulation in females and synthesis of androgen in males
Nrv/o, Neur/oNerve
OxytocinCauses contraction of the smooth muscle in the wall of the uterus. It also stimulates the ejection of milk from the lactating breast.
Parathyroid glandA gland that regulates calcium, located behind the thyroid gland in the neck. The parathyroid gland secretes a hormone called parathormone (or parathyrin) that is critical to calcium and phosphorus metabolism.
Pineal glandA small gland that is located near the center of the brain. This gland secretes melatonin.
PolyuriaFrequent urintion
ProlactinHormone produced by pituitary gland in the brain
ThymosinHormone secreted by thymus and controls maturation T cells
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)Hormones secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland and stimulates thyroid gland.

Medical Office Specialist Instructor // Medical Assistant Instructor
Chula Vista, Ca, CA

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