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Mod 9-11 Terms

AB
acapniaabsence of carbon dioxide
adenoidectomyexcision of the adenoids
adenoiditisinflammation of the adenoids
alveolarpertaining to the alveolus
angiocarditisinflammation of the heart and blood vessels
angiogramrecord of a vessel
angiographyprocess of x-ray filming a blood vessel
angiomatumor composed of blood vessel
angioplastysurgical repair of blood vessel
angioscopeinstrument used to visualize a blood vessel
angioscopyvisual examination of a blood vessel
angiospasminvoluntary muscle contraction of a vessel
angiostenosisnarrowing of a blood vessel
anoxiaabsence of oxygen
anoxicpertaining to absence of oxygen
aorticpertaining to the aorta
aortic stenosisnarrowing of the aorta
aortogramx-ray film of the aorta
aphoniaabsence of voice
aphonicpertaining to absence of voice
apneaabsence of breathing
apneicpertaining to absence of breathing
arterialpertaining to an artery
arteriogramx-ray film of the artery
arteriopathydisease of an artery
arteriorrhaphysuturing of an artery
arteriorrhexisrupture of an artery
arteriosclerosishardening of the arteries
arteriospasmuncontrolled contraction of an artery
aspleniaabsence of a spleen
atherectomysurgical removal of plaque with specialized catheter & rotary cutter. Used to open blocked artery
atheromafatty deposit in the lining of an artery
atherosclerosishardening of arteries with a yellowish fatty plaque in arterial wall
atrialpertaining to the top chamber of the heart
atrioventricularpertaining to the atrium and ventricle
bradycardiaabnormal state of a slow heart rate
bronchialpertaining to a bronchus
bronchitisinflammation of the bronchi
bronchoalveolarpertaining to the bronchi and alveoli
bronchogenic carcinomacancerous tumor originating in the bronchus
bronchogramrecord of the bronchus
bronchographyprocess of recording the bronchus
bronchoplastysurgical repair of a bronchus
bronchopneumoniadiseased state of the bronchi and lungs
bronchoscopeinstrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
bronchoscopyprocess of visual examination of the bronchi
bronchospasmspasmodic contraction in the bronchi
bronchostenosisnarrowing of the windpipe
capnometerinstrument used to measure carbon dioxide
cardiacpertaining to the heart
cardiogenicoriginating in the heart
cardiologistphysician who studies and treats diseases of the heart
cardiologystudy of the heart
cardiomegalyenlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathydisease of the heart muscle
cardiovalvulitisinflammation of the heart valves
coronarypertaining to the blood vessels of the heart
diaphragmaticpertaining to the diaphragm
diaphragmatocelehernia of the diaphragm
dysphoniadifficulty in speaking
dysphonicpertaining to difficulty in speaking
dyspneadifficulty in breathing
dyspneicpertaining to difficulty in breathing
echocardiogramrecord made of structure and motion of heart using sound waves
echocardiographyprocess of recording the structure and motion of the heart using sound waves
electrocardiogramelectrical circuit record made of electrical activity of the heart
electrocardiographinstrument used to record the electrical activity of the heart
electrocardiographyprocess of recording the electrical activity of the heart
endarterectomyexcision of thickened interior of an artery
endocarditisinflammation of the inner lining within the heart
endoscopeinstrument used for visual exam within a hollow organ or cavity
endoscopicpertaining to visual exam of hollow organ or body cavity
endoscopyprocess of visual examination of hollow organ or body organ
endotrachealpertaining to within the windpipe
epiglotticpertaining to the epiglottis
epiglottitisinflammation of the epiglottis
erythrocytered blood cell
erythrocytosisincrease in red blood cells
erythropoiesisformation of red blood cells
eupneanormal breathing
hematologistphysicians who studies and treats diseases of the blood
hematologystudy of blood
hematopoiesisformation of blood cells
hemolysisdestruction of (red) blood cells
hemolyticpertaining to the destruction of blood cells
hemothoraxblood in the chest
hypercapniaexcessive CO2 in the blood
hyperpneaexcessive breathing
hypocapniadeficient in carbon dioxide
hypopneadeficient in breathing
hypothermiacondition of body temp. that is below normal
hypoxemiadeficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxiadeficient oxygen (to the tissues)
hypoxicpertaining to deficient oxygen to the tissues
immunologistphysician who studies and treat immune system disorders
immunologybranch of medicine dealing with immune system disorders
intrapleuralpertaining to within the pleura
ischemiadeficiency in blood flow
laryngealpertaining to the voice box
laryngectomyexcision of the voice box
laryngitisinflammation of the voice box
laryngoplastysurgical repair of the voice box
laryngoscopeinstrument used for visual exam of the voice box
laryngoscopyprocess of visual examination of voice box
laryngospasmspasmodic contraction of the voice box
laryngotracheobronchitisinflammation of the voice box windpipe and bronchi (croup)
laryngotracheotomyincision of the voice box and windpipe
leukocytewhite blood cell
leukocytosisincrease in white blood cells
leukopeniadecrease in white blood cells
leukopoiesisformation of white blood cells
lobarpertaining to segment of the lung
lobectomyexcision of a lobe of the lung
lobitisinflammation of a lobe of the lung
lymphadenectomyexcision of a lymph node
lymphadenitisinflammation of the lymph glands
lymphadenopathydisease of the lymph glands
lymphangiogramrecord of the lymphatic vessels
lymphangiographyprocess of recording the lymphatic vessels
lymphangiomatumor in a lymphatic vessel
lymphaticpertaining to lymph
lymphocytelymph cell (a type of white blood cell)
lymphoidresembling lymphatic tissue
lymphomatumor of lymphatic tissue
lymphopeniadeficiency of lymph
mucolyticpertaining to destruction of mucus
mucouspertaining to mucus
multiple myelomatumors of the bone marrow
myelopoiesisformation of bone marrow
myocarditisinflammation of the muscle of the heart
nasalpertaining to the nose
nasopharyngealpertaining to the nose and throat
nasopharyngitisinflammation of the nose and throat
orthopneaable to breathe only in a straight (upright) position
oximeterinstrument used to measure oxygen (saturation in blood)
oximetryprocess of measuring oxygen
pancytopeniaabnormal reduction of all (blood) cells
pericardiocentesissurgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the outer sac of the heart
pericarditisinflammation of the outer heart
pharyngealpertaining to the throat
pharyngitisinflammation of the throat
pharyngoplastysurgical repair of the throat
pharyngotomysurgical incision into the throat
phlebectomyexcision of a vein
phlebitisinflammation of a vein
phlebologistphysician who studies and treats disorders of veins
phlebologystudy of veins
phlebotomyincision into a vein to remove blood or give blood or IV fluids
phonicpertaining to voice
phrenalgiapain in the diaphragm
phrenicpertaining to the diaphragm
plasmapheresisremoval of plasma
pleuralpertaining to the pleura
pleurectomysurgical removal of the pleura
pleuritisinflammation of the pleura (pleurisy)
pneumonectomyexcision of a lung
pneumoniadiseased state of the lung
pneumonitisinflammation of the lung (pneumonia)
pneumothoraxair in chest (pleural space) which causes collapse of lung
polyarteritisinflammation of many (sites) in the arteries
pulmonarypertaining to the lungs
pulmonologista physician who studies and treats disease of the lung
pulmonologystudy of the lung (a branch of medicine dealing with disease of the lung)
pyothoraxpus in the chest (pleural space) [empyema]
radiographrecord of x-rays
radiographyprocess of recording x-rays
radiologistphysician who specializes in the use of x-rays, ultrasound, and magnetic fields in the diagnosis and treatment of disease
radiologystudy of x-rays
rhinitisinflammation of the (mucous membranes) of the nose
rhinomycosisabnormal condition of fungus in the nose
rhinoplastysurgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhagiarapid flow of blood form the nose
rhinorrheadischarge from the nose
rhinotomysurgical incision into the nose
septalpertaining to the septum
septoplastysurgical repair of the (nasal) septum
sinusitisinflammation of sinuses
sinusotomyincision of the sinus
sonogramrecord of sound
sonographyprocess of recording sound
spirometerinstrument used to measure breathing (or lung volumes)
spirometryprocess of measuring breathing (or lung volumes)
splenectomyexcision of the spleen
splenicpertaining to the spleen
splenitisinflammation of the spleen
splenomegalyenlargement of the spleen [occurs with illness]
splenopexysurgical fixation of the spleen
splenorrhaphysuturing of the spleen
tachycardiaabnormally rapid heart rate (over 100)
tachypnearapid breathing
thoracalgiapain in the chest
thoracicpertaining to the chest
thoracocentesissurgical puncture of chest cavity to aspirate fluid [thoracentesis or pleurocentesis]
thoracoscopeinstrument used for visual exam of the chest
thoracoscopyprocess of visual examination of the chest
thoracostomycreation of an artificial opening in the chest (used to place chest tubes for drainage)
thoracotomyincision of the chest cavity
thrombectomysurgical removal of a blood clot
thrombocytopeniaabnormal reduction of clotting cells (platelets)
thrombocytosisincrease in number of platelets
thrombogenesisformation of a blood clot
thrombolysisdestruction of a clot
thrombolyticpertaining to the destruction of a clot
thrombosisabnormal condition of a (blood) clot
thymectomyexcision of the thymus
thymicpertaining to the thymus
thymomatumor of the thymus gland
tomographyprocess of recording in slices
tonsillarpertaining to the tonsil
tonsillectomyexcision of the tonsils
tonsillitisinflammation of the tonsils
trachealpertaining to the windpipe
tracheitisinflammation of the windpipe
tracheoplastysurgical repair of the windpipe
tracheostenosisnarrowing of the windpipe
tracheostomycreation of an artificial opening into the windpipe
tracheotomyincision of the windpipe
valvotomyincision of a valve [used to treat mitral stenosis)
valvulitisinflammation of the valves
valvuloplastysurgical repair of a valve
venogramx-ray film of the veins
venographyprocess of recording a vein
ventricularpertaining to the lower chamber of the heart
ventriculotomyincision into the ventricle
acute coronary syndromesudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction
acute respiratory distress syndromerespiratory failure as a result of disease or injury
airwaypassageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs or mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed
allergenenvironmental substance capable of producing an immediate hypersensitivity in the body
allergistphysician who studies and treats allergic conditions
allergyhypersensitivity to a substance
anaphylaxisa life-threatening reaction to a previously encountered antigen
anemiareduction in the amount of red blood cells in the blood
aneurysmballooning of weakened portion of arterial wall
aneurysmectomysurgical excision of an aneurysm
angina pectorischest pain, frequently radiating to left arm and jaw due to ischemia
antibioticdrug that targets microorganisms to kill or halt growth or replication
antibodysubstance produced by lymphocytes that inactivates or destroys antigens
anticoagulantagent that slows down the clotting process
antigena substance that triggers an immune response when introduced into the body
apical pulseusing a stethoscope to auscultate the pulse rate at the heart
arrhythmiaany disturbances or abnormality in the normal heart’s rhythm
arterial blood gasestest performed on arterial blood to determine levels of O2, CO2 ,and other gases
artificial cardiac pacemakerbattery-powered apparatus implanted under the skin with leads placed on the heart
asphyxiadeprivation of oxygen for tissue use; suffocation
aspirateto withdraw fluid or to suction or to draw foreign material into respiratory tract
asthmarespiratory disease characterized by bronchospasms causing paroxysms of shortness of breath
atelectasiscollapsed lung or portions of a lung
atrial fibrillationa cardiac arrhythmia characterized by rapid electrical impulses in atria
atrial fibrillation ablationprocedure in which abnormal cells that trigger atrial fibrillation are destroyed by using a device that heats or freezes the cells
auscultationlistening to body sounds with the use of a stethoscope
auscultationact of listening to body sounds with a stethoscope
autoimmune diseasedisease caused by the body's inability to distinguish its own cells from foreign bodies, thus producing antibodies that attack its own tissue
blood dyscrasiaabnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
blood pressurepressure exerted by blood against the blood vessel walls
bone marrow biopsyprocedure to obtain a sample of bone marrow usually from the ilium for study
bone marrow transplantinfusion of healthy bone marrow cells to a recipient with matching cells from a donor
bronchoconstrictoragent causing narrowing of the bronchi
bronchodilatoragent causing the bronchi to widen
cardiac arrestsudden cessation of cardiac output & effective circulation which requires CPR
cardiac catheterizationcatheter into heart via a blood vessel to determine cardiac disease
cardiac tamponadeacute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity
cardiopulmonary resuscitationemergency procedure consisting of artificial ventilation & external cardiac massage
chest computed tomographycomputerized radiographic images of the chest performed to diagnose tumors, abscesses and pleural effusion
chest radiographa radiographic image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs and the heart
chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseprogressive lung disease that restricts air flow
coarctation of the aortacongenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta
complete blood countbasic blood screening including RBC, hemoglobin, hematocrit, rbc morphology, WBC, differential and thrombocytes
congenital heart diseaseheart abnormality present at birth (birth defect)
coronary artery bypass graftsurgery technique to bring new blood supply to heart muscle by detouring blocked artery
coronary artery diseasea condition of decreased blood supply through the coronary arteries to the myocardium
coronary stentsupport scaffolding device implanted in artery used to prevent closure of artery after angioplasty or atherectomy
croupInflammation of the larynx, trachea and bronchi causing a barking cough
cystic fibrosishereditary disorder of the exocrine glands characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract, pancreatic deficiency and other symptoms
deep vein thrombosiscondition of a thrombus is a deep vein [usually iliac and femoral]
defibrillationgiving electric shock to the heart to restore cardiac rhythm
deviated septumone part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury of the nasal septum
diastolephase in cardiac cycle in which ventricles relax betw. contraction
diastolicpertaining to diastole
differential counta blood test to determine the amount of the different types of white blood cells (neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes and monocytes)
embolectomysurgical removal of an embolus or clot
embolusa moving blood clot
emphysemacondition of alveoli being damaged and enlarged causing shortness of breath
empyemacollection of pus between pleural layers
epistaxisnosebleed
erythrocyte sedimentation ratea blood test for inflammatory activity in the body
exercise stress teststudy that evaluates cardiac function during physical stress by riding a bike or walking on a treadmill
expectorantdrug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing to remove it
extravasationescape of blood from the blood vessel into the tissue
fibrillationrapid, non-coordinated contractions of the atria or ventricles [not functional cardiac output]
heart failureinability of heart pump enough blood thru body to supply tissue and organs causing fluid to build up in lungs and extremities
hematocritblood test to measure the volume of erythrocytes
hematomaswelling caused by an accumulation of clotted blood in the tissue
hemoglobinblood test used to determine the concentration of oxygen carrying components
hemoptysisspitting up blood
hemorrhagerapid flow of blood
hemostasisstoppage of bleeding
hemostaticpertaining to stoppage of bleeding
hypercholesterolemiaexcessive amount of cholesterol in the blood; associated with heightened risk of CV disease
hyperlipidemiaexcessive amount of fats in the blood
hypertensionblood pressure that is above normal [BP over 130/80]
hypertensive heart diseasedisorder of the heart caused by persistent high blood pressure
hypertriglyceridemiaexcessive amount of triglycerides in the blood
hyperventilationventilation of lungs beyond normal body needs
hypotensionblood pressure that is below normal [BP that is below 90/60]
hypoventilationventilation of lungs, which doesn't fulfill the body's gas exchange needs
immunebeing resistant to specific invading pathogens
immunitystate of being protected
immunizationadministration of an agent to provide immunity
immunodeficiencydeficient immune response caused by the immune system dysfunction brought on by disease
implantable cardiac defibrillatordevice implanted in the body that continuously monitors the heart rhythm
incentive spirometrya device that measures breathing volumes to encourage patients to breathe deeply
infarctionnecrosis
infectious mononucleosisacute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus characterized by swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, fatigue and fever.
influenzahighly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus (flu)
intubationinsertion of a tube into a hollow organ such as the trachea
leukemiamalignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal leukocytes formed in the bone marrow
lipid profileblood test used to measure the amount and type of lipids in a sample of blood
lipidsfats and fatlike substances that serve as a source of fuel in the body
lymphedematissue swelling due to lymphatic obstruction
mitral valve stenosisnarrowing of mitral valves from scarring [most common cause in rheumatic fever]
mucopurulentcontaining both mucus and pus
mucusslimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
murmurabnormal cardiac sound heard through auscultation, caused by turbulent blood flow through the heart
myocardial infarctiondeath of a portion of the myocardial muscle caused by interrupted blood supply
nebulizerdevice that creates a fine spray (used for giving respiratory treatment)
nosocomial infectionan infection acquired during hospitalizations
obstructive sleep apnearepetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing
occludeto close tightly
palpationusing the fingertips to assess [for example a radial pulse is palpated]
palpitationspatient’s awareness of an abnormal rhythm of the heart (arrhythmia)
paroxysmperiodic, sudden attack
patentopen (an airway must be patent)
peak flow metera portable instrument used to measure how much air is quickly exhaled
percussionact of tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the part beneath by the sound obtained
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplastyprocedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel into a coronary artery to the area where plaque is formed
pertussishighly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract characterized by fits of coughing [whooping cough]
phagocytosisprocess in which some of the white blood cells destroy the invading microorganism and old cells
pleural effusionfluid in the pleural space
polysomnographyprocess of recording many (tests) during sleep
PPD (purified protein derivative) skin testtest performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis.
prothrombin timeblood test that measure how long it takes blood to clot; can be used to determine effectiveness of anticoagulant medication
pulmonary edemafluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles
pulmonary embolismmoving blood clot blocking the pulmonary artery and its branches
pulmonary function testsgroup of tests performed to measure breathing capacity and used to determine external respiratory function
pulmonary neoplasmtumor in the lung
pulsenumber of times per minute the heart beat is felt on the arterial wall
pulse oximetrya noninvasive method of monitoring arterial blood for O2 levels
purulentcontaining pus
pyrexiafever
sepsissystemic infection;
septicpertaining to systemic infection
sphygmomanometerdevice used for measuring arterial blood pressure
sputummucous secretions from the lungs, bronchi & trachea expelled thru mouth
sputum culture and sensitivitytest performed on sputum to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria
systolephase in cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract
systolicpertaining to systole
thrombusblood clot that is attached to a wall of artery or vein
toxemiapresence of toxins in the blood
toxicitystate of being poisonous
toxinpoison formed by a cell or organism
transesophageal echocardiogramultrasound test that examines cardiac function and structure by using an ultrasound probe placed in the esophagus
tuberculosisInfectious bacterial disease characterized by the growth of nodules (tubercles) in the lung
upper respiratory infectioninfection of the nasal cavity, throat, or voice box
vaccinesuspension of inactivated microorganisms administered by injection, mouth, or nasal spray to prevent infectious diseases by inducing immunity
varicose veinsenlarged twisted veins [usually found in lower extremities]
vasoconstrictoragent or nerve that narrows the blood vessels
vasodilatoragent or nerve that enlarges the blood vessels
venipuncturepuncture of vein to remove blood, instill medication, or start IV
ventilationmovement of gases into and out of the lungs
ventilatormechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing
vital signgroup of tests including temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure


Pewaukee, WI

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