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Supreme Court Cases - 15 words 2023

SS.7.C.3.12 – Analyze the significance and outcomes of landmark Supreme Court cases including, but not limited to, Marbury v. Madison, Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education, Gideon v. Wainwright, Miranda v. Arizona, In re Gault, Tinker v. Des Moines, Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, United States v. Nixon, and Bush v. Gore.

Arbitera person with the power to decide a dispute
Equal Protection Clausethe section of the Fourteenth Amendment that says that states must apply the law equally and cannot discriminate against citizens or groups of citizens
juvenile rightsrights of people under age 18
legal equalitythe concept that everyone is equal in the eyes of the law
Supremacy Clausethe clause that states that the U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land and that national laws are supreme over state laws
judicial opinionjudgment by a court
self-incriminationthe right in the Fifth Amendment that protects a person from being forced to reveal any information that might subject him or her to criminal prosecution
judicial reviewthe power of the U.S. courts to examine the laws or actions of the legislative and executive branches of the government and to determine whether such actions are consistent with the U.S. Constitution
landmarkan important or unique decision, event, fact, or discovery
Unanimousin complete agreement
legal precedenta judicial decision that is used as an example in dealing with later similar cases
Prosecuteto carry on a legal action against an accused person to prove his or her guilt
rights of the accusedthe rights included in Amendments 4 through 8 that protect people charged with crimes
segregationthe separation of people based on race or other characteristic
executive privilegethe belief that the conversations between the president and his aides are confidential

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