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Chapter 29 Review Games

Causes of WW1Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Alliances
NationalismDevotion or loyalty to a country; deep patriotism that led to competition and rivalries
ImperialismTake-over of a country; led to competition over colonies
MilitarismPolicy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war; goal is quick mobilization
AlliancesDiplomatic agreements between and among countries; pledges to defend each other
Triple AllianceGermany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Triple EntenteBritain, France, and Russia
BismarckLeader of German unification; tried to use alliances to keep Germany from being forced into a 2-front war
Kaiser Wilhelm IIRuler of Germany, forced Bismarck to resign; built up Germany's military and let allliances lapse
"Powder Keg of Europe"Nickname of the Balkans; called this for history of nationalism and ethnic tensions
Gavrilo PrincipSerbian nationalist who shot Franz Ferdinand
Franz FerdinandHeir to the Austrian throne
Schlieffen PlanGermany's plan for a 2-front war; strike France first, then turn to Russia
Central PowersGermany and Austria-Hungary; later joined by Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire
Allied PowersRussia, France, and Britain; later joined by Japan, Italy, and the U.S.
Western FrontBorder between France and Germany; 500 miles between the North Sea and Switzerland; location of trench warfare
Trench WarfareSoldiers fight in trenches, huge loss of life for not much land; lots of rats, mud, disease, boredom
1st MarneFirst major battle of WW1, Sept. 1914; Allied victory; ruined Schlieffen Plan, established stalemate on Western Front
Effects of new weapons / technologyMore effective killing, since strategies did not advance with the technology
Verdun and Somme2 battles with highest casualties
Eastern FrontBorder between Germany and Russia; Russia took serious losses but kept German resources and army divided
Gallipoli CampaignTroops from British Empire fought Turks
IndependenceWhat colonies hoped they would receive from their service during WW1
Unrestricted Submarine WarfareGerman policy that their submarines would sink without warning any ships around Britain
LusitaniaPassenger ship sunk by German U-boat
Reasons why the U.S. entered WW1Unrestricted submarine warfare, sinking of the Lusitania, and the Zimmerman note
Total WarCountries devote all of their resources to the war effort
Effects of WW1 on HomefrontGov't control of economies, almost no unemployment, rationing, censorship, propaganda, women working in factories
Reasons for Russian withdrawalCivil unrest, shortages of food and fuel, army combat refusal
Treaty of Brest-LitovskTreaty that Lenin made with Germany; called for truce bet. Russia and Germany
ArmisticeAgreement to stop fighting
August 1914Beginning of WW1
April 1917U.S. entry into WW!1
March 1918Russian withdrawal from WW1
November 11, 1918Armistice
Big FourWilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George, Orlando
Fourteen PointsWilson's proposals that outlined a plan for a just and lasting peace
Self-determinationAllowing people to choose for themselves their own type of government
Treaty of VersaillesEstablished plans for peace and how to solve the issues of WW1
Provisions of Treaty of VersaillesLeague of Nations, new borders and nations, restrictions on German military, "war guilt," reparations, colonies become mandates
"War Guilt"Sole responsibility of WW1 placed on Germany
ReparationsRepayment for losses; Germany had to pay to Allies
Why Versailles did not workU.S. rejected treaty; legacy of bitterness and hatred in Germany; colonies resened no self-determination for them; League did not have the power to deal with these issues
Social effects8.5 million soliders killed, 21 million wounded, starbvation, disease, slaughter; a generation of Europeans dead
Economic effectsDrained countries' treasuries, $338 billion; destruction of farms, homes, towns
DisillusionmentInsecurity, hopelessness, despair that resulted from apparent pointlessness of WW1; relfected in art and literature
Political effectsNew nations; changes in territories; shifts in power; concept of a global war; resentment in colonies

Mrs. Dishman

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