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origin of life - prokaryotic cells to eukaryotic cells - (copy)

Age of planet5 billion years
First form of life develops3 1/2 billion years
Primitive atmosphereAmmonia, carbon dioxide, methane etc
Oparin hypothesisExplains how organic compounds formed
Miller and UreyProved Oparin Hypothesis
bacteriafirst form of life on our planet
organic compoundsbuilding blocks of cells
eubacteriamodern bacteria
types of organic compoundsfat, protein, carbohydarate, nucleic acid
Prokaryotic cellslack nucleus and organelles
adaptationsanything which helps an organism survive in its environment
ozoneprotects the planet from excess radiation
extremeophilesname of archabacteria because of the extreme conditions they live in
eukaryotic cellsmore highly evolved and complex than prokaryotic cells; hane a nucleus and organelles
nucleuscontains DNA in eukaryotic cells
DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acidcontains chromosomes
ChromosomesDNA wrapped in protein
organellesfound in eukaryotic cells
Ribosomesmake protein
Mitochondriamakes energy
golgi bodieswrap protein
endoplasmic reticulumchannels for material to move protein
lysosomescontain enzymes to breakdown dead cells or other material
cell membraneregulates what enters or exits the cell
cytoplasmcolloid or gel-like mixture where organelles are found
nuclear membraneregulates what enters or exits the nucleus
kingdomslarge groups to organize living organisms
Kingdom Archaebacteriadescendants of the first bacteria
Kingdom Eubacteriakingdom of modern bacteria;prokaryotic cells
Kingdom Protistamostly unicellular and eukarotic organisms
Kingdon Fungimulticellular, eukaryotic organisms and decomposers
Kingdom Plantaemulticellular, eukaryotic organisms and producers
Kingdom AnimaliaMulticellular, eukaryoic cells, consumers
evolutionchanges in species over a long period of time

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