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Civil War Glossary #1

Abolitionistwanted to end slavery
Artillerylarge, powerful weapons
Assassinationto murder a prominent person
Blockadeto close off, with navy
Border Statesslave states, in the Union
Cartridge Boxsodliers carried bullets in
Casualitykilled, wounded, captured or missing
Cavalrysoldiers on horseback
Chloroforma drug to put wounded soldiers to sleep
Confederacythe 11 Southern States
Contrabandgoods illegally traded
CopperheadA northerner who agreed with Southern secession
Deployto spread out armies
Dixiea popular southern song
Dysenteryan often fatal disease
Emancipationthe formal release of slaves
Foragethe search for food
Greenbackpaper money used in the North
Hardtackcracker eaten by soldiers
Haversackcloth bag used to carry food
Infantryfoot soldiers
Ironcladships covered with iron
Minie Ballthe standard rifle bullet
Picketsoldiers on guard duty
Rankmilitary leadership- order of importance
Rationsmilitary term for food
Rebelslang term for Confederate soldier
Recruita person who just signed up to fight
Rifled Musketstandard infantry weapon
Secedeto withdraw
Sutlera dry goods salesperson
Torpedounderwater mine that exploded
Union23 Northern States
Yankterm for Union soldier

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