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Taxonomy and Classification

KingdomOrganisms are seperated into 5 groups of these.
MoneraKingdom including prokaryotes, ie. becteria.
ProtistaKingdom including unicellular eukaryotic organisms.
PlantaeKingdom including multicellular, eukaryotic organisms that (usually) conduct photosynthesis.
FungiKingdom includes organisms that reproduce through spores.
AnimaliaKingdom that includes organisms that eat and digest other organisms to aquire their nutrients.
PhylumThe second highest taxonomic classification for the kingdom Animalia.
ClassA taxonomic classification between phylum and order.
OrderA taxonomic classification between class and family.
FamilyA taxonomic classification between genus and order.
GenusThe second most specific taxonomic level.
SpeciesThe most specific taxonomic level.
ClassifyTo assign a scientific name to an organism
OrganismAny living thing.
BiologistOne who studies any living thing.
BiodiversityThe existence of a wide range of different types of organisms in a given place at a given time.
EukaryoteCell or organism with a membrane-bound, structurally discrete nucleus and other well-developed subcellular compartments.
Prokaryoteone-celled (sometimes colonial) organisms whose cells lack a nuclear envelope, mitochondria, or plastids.
TaxonomyThe theories and techniques of naming, describing, and classifying organisms.
PhylogenyThe evolutionary history of a species.
CharacteristicA distiguishable trait amoug organisms
ExoskeletonA skeleton, or support structure, which supports the organism's body from the outside.
EndoskeletonA skeleton, or support structure, which is on the inside of the organism's body.
HierarchyA system of naming things using different ranks of classification.

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