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Chest and Lungs


Fill the blanks in the following statements

_________ is characterized by an "eee" sound heard through a stethoscope while auscultating the chest for vocal sounds.egophony
high-pitched crackles are referred to as __________.sibilant
A patient with _________ becomes more dyspneic when in an upright posture.platypnea
The manubriosternal junction is also referred to as the __________.angle of Louis
A breath sound in which the inspiration is as long as the expiration is referred to as __________.bronchovesicular
___________ is the type of breathing one would expect to observe in a patient with an acute rib fracture.hypopnea
The patient coughs up blood. This is documented as _________.hemoptysis
The technician observes the patient taking several short breaths followed by ong, irregular periods of apnea. This is documented as _______________.Fiot's respiration
___________ is the sound commonly percussed over the lung field of a patient with COPD.hyperresonance
A prominent sternal protusion noted on a patient is referred to as _______________.pectus excavatum
A patient who has _______ complains of dyspnea while lying down.orthopnea
_________ describes alveoli that are collapsed, shrunken, and airless.atelectasis
A breath sound auscultated over the trachea is referred to as _______________.bronchial
Low-pitched crackles are referred to as _____________.sonorous
The ____________ is at the base of the xiphoid process where the ribs separate.costal angle
The technician hears a rubbing or grating sound when auscultating the chest. This is documented as _____________.friction rub
An accumulation of air in the pleural space causes a _______________.pneumothorax
A vibration sensation palpated over the chest while the patient speaks is known as ______________.fremitus
A patient has a significant indentation of the sterum above the xiphoid process. This condition is known as ______________.pectus carinatum
A dying patient has a gradually increased depth of respiration, followed by a decreased depth of respiration, followed by apnea. This pattern of respiration is known as _______________.Cheyne-Stokes respiration
A crinkly sensation palpated on the chest is known as ___________ and indicates air in the subcutaneous tissue.crepitus
The expected sound over most of the lund field is referred to as ______________.vesicular
An accumulation of excess nonpurulent fluid in the pleural space is known as _____________.pleural effusion
Deep rapid breathing describes _______________.Kussmaul respiration
A patient with _______________ has ribs that are more horizontal than normal.barrel chest

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