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Cell Structure & Function

This study begins with a historical accounting of the cell theory, a description of cell components and their functions.

prokaryotean organism whose cells do not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles
eukaryotean organism whose cells have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
nucleusa large cellular organelle that contains DNA
nucleolusa specialized organelle in the nucleus of the cell
semipermeableallowing certain molecules to pass through
golgi apparatusa membrane bound organelle that packages and secretes products of the ER from the cell
endoplasmic reticuluman extensive membrane network in eukaryotes that carries and transports materials throughout the cell
cytoplasma jelly like mixture consisting mostly of water, located between the cell membrane and the nucleus
Hookeobserved cork and coined the term
LeewonhoekDutch microscope maker that was the first to see living cells
SchleidenBotanist who said
SchwannZoologist who said
cell membraneseparates the cell from the external environment
ribosomesprotein factories
mitochondriacenter of respiration; the powerhouse of the cell
endoplasmic reticulummembrane system of folded sacs and tunnels acting as an intracellular highway
lysosomedigest food particles and help to shape embryo by selectively destroying tissue
microtubuleslong, slender protein tubes; helps to give shape and support
microfilamentsfine protein threads that help to give shape and support

Vicki Willis

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