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Medical Transcription - Oncology

adenoacanthomaan adenocarcinoma in which some of the cells exhibit squamous differentiation
adenocarcinomaa malignant new growth derived from glandular tissue or in which the tumor cells form recognizable glandular structures
adenomyosarcomaa mixed mesodermal tumor in which striated muscle cells are one component
adjuvant therapythe use of drugs (chemotherapy) along with surgery or radiation to attack cancer cells
alkylating agenta synthetic compound that disrupts the process of DNA synthesis
amelanotic melanomaan unpigmented malignant melanoma
ameloblastomaa tumor of the jaw arising from enamel-forming cells
antimetabolitesdrugs used in cancer chemotherapy that block the formation of substances necessary to make DNA
apoptosisdisintegration of cells into membrane-bound particles that are then ingested by other cells; process may be important in limiting growth of tumors
astroytomaa tumor composed of astrocytes
basosquamous carcinomacarcinoma that histologically exhibits both basal and squamous elements
Brenner's tumora benign fibroepithelioma of teh ovary
bronchogenic carcinomacarcinoma originating in the bronchus
carcinoida yellow circumscribed tumor occurring in the small intestine, appendix, stomach, or colon
carcinoma in situa condition in which the tumor cells of a neoplastic entity still lie within the epithelium of origin, without invasion of the basement membrance
carcinosarcomaa malignant tumor composed of carcinomatous and sarcomatous tissue
cellular oncogenesbroken or dislocated pieces of human DNA
chondroblastomaa benign neoplasm in which the cells resemble cartilage cells and the tumor appears to be cartilage
chondrosarcomaa malignant tumor derived from cartilage cells or their precursors
chordomaa rare tumor that occurs any place along the bertebral column
choriocarcinomaan extremely rare, very malignant neoplasm, usually of the uterus but sometimes at site of etopic pregnancy
chronic myelogenous leukemiaa malignant cancer of the bone marrow
cryosurgeryprocedure that uses cold to freeze and destroy cancerous tissue; often used to treat brain and bladder tumors
cystocarcinomacarcinoma associated with cysts
dermatofibrosarcoma protuberansa fibrosarcoma of the skin
dysgerminomaa malignant neoplasm of the ovary
en bloc resectionprocess whereby a malignant tumor is removed along with a large area of surrounding tissue containing lymph nodes
ependymomaa tumor arising from fetal inclusion of ependymal elements
epidermoid carcinomacarcinoma in whih the cells tend to differentiate int he same way that the cellls of the epidermis do
epitheliomaa malignant tumor, consisting mainly of epithelial cells, that originates in the epidermis of the skin or in mucous membrance
Ewing's sarcomaa malignant tumor of the bone that always arises in medullary tissue, occurring more often in cylindrical bones; pain, fever, and leukocytosis are prominent symptoms
exenterationprocess of removing a tumor together with the organ from which it originated and all surrounding tissue in the body space
fibromatosisthe formation of a fibrous, tumor-like nodule arising from the deep fascia, with a tendency to local recurrence
glioblastoma multiformea neoplasm of teh central nervous systems, especially the cerebrum, consisting of a variety of cellular types
glucagonomapancreatic tumor that is usually malignant
granulocytic leukemiamyelocytic leukemia; leukemia arising from myeloid tissue in which the granular, polymorphonuclear leukocytes and their precursors predominate
hemangioblastomaa capillary hemanioma of the brain consisting of proliferated blood vessel cells or angioblasts
hepatocellular carcinomaa malignant tumor of the liver
hepatomaa tumor of the liver
Hodgkin's diseasea disease of unknown etiology producing enlargement of lymphoid tissue, spleen and liver with invasion of other tissue
human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma virus (HTLV)the first virus known to cause cancer in humans
Hurthle cell tumora tumor of the thyroid and composed of Hurthle cells (large eosinophil-staining cells occasionally present in the thyroid gland)
immunotherapya type of therapy, currently being researched as a treatment for cancer, whereby the body's own immune system is stimulated
interferonsubstance produced by lymphocytes that eithr directly blocks tumor growth or stimulates the immune system and other body defenses
interleukinsubstance that stimulates the immune system to destroy tumors
islet cell carcinomaa tumor of the islands of Langerhans; such tumors may result in hyperinsulinism
IsoMedan implantable drug pump used to deliver chemotherapy directly to the liver; also used to deliver morphine sulfate
Kaposi's sarcomaa multifocal, metastasizing, malignant reticulosis with features resembling those of angiosarcoma, mainly invovling the skin, most often on the toes or feet, as reddish blue or brownish soft nodules and tumors
Krukenberg's tumora special type of carcinoma of the ovary, usually metastatic from cancer of the gastrointestinal tract, especially of the stomach
leiomyosarcomaa sarcoma containing large spindle cells of smooth muscle, most commonly of the uterus or retroperitoneal region
leukemiacancer of blood-forming tissues
leukocytopenialeukopenia; a reduction of the number of leukocytes in the blood to a count of 5,000 or fewer
Leydig's cell tumorthe most common nongerminal tumor of the testis, derived from the Leydig cells of the testis; such tumors are rarely malignant
liposarcomaa malignant tumor derived from primitive or embryonal lipoblastic cells that exhibit varying degrees of lipoblastic and/or lipomatous differentiation
lymphangiographyx-ray of the lymphatic vessels following the injection of a contrast medium
lymphangiosarcomaa malignant tumor of lymphatic vessels, usually arising in a limb that is the site of chronic lymphedema
lymphosarcomaa general term applied to malignant neoplastic disorders of lymphoid tissue, but not including Hodgkin's disease
malignant fibrous histiocytomaa malignant fibrous tumor-like nodule of the dermis
malignant schwannomaa malignant neoplasm of the white substance of Schwann (i.e., of a nerve sheath
medulloblastomaa cerebellar tumor composed of undifferentiated neuroepithelial cells
melanomaa tumor made up of melanin-pigmented cells; when used alone, the term refers to malignant melanoma
meningiomaa hard, slow-growing, usually vascular tumor that origiinates in the arachnoidal tissue
mesenchymal tumora tumor composed of tissue that resembels mesenchymal cells
mesenchymomaa neoplasm containing a mixture of mesenchymal and fibrous tissue
mesonephromaa relatively rare malignant tumor of teh femal genital tract, most often the ovary
mesotheliomaa tumor developed from mesothelial tissue
metastasisthe process by which cancer spreads from a primary site to a secondary one
modalitymethod of treatment
morbiditythe condition of being diseased or morbid
mucinous tumora cyst (open space filled with fluid) containing thick, sticky fluid
multiple myelomaa malignant tumor of bone marrow
mycosis fungoidesa rare, chronic, malignant, lymphoreticular neoplasm of the skin and, in the late stages, the lymph nodes and viscera
myelomaa tumor originating in cells of the hematopoietic portion of bone marrow
myosarcomacnacerous tumor of muscle tissue
nephroblastomaa rapidly developing malignant mixed tumor of the kidneys, made up of embryonal elements (Wilm's tumor); usually affets children before the fifth year
neuroblastomasarcoma of nervous system origin, composed mainly of neuroblasts and affecting mostly infants and children up to 10 years of age
neuroepitheliomaa relatively rare tumor of neuroepithelium in a nerve
neurofibromatosisa condition in which there are tumors of various sizes on peripheral nerves
oligodendrogliomaa malignant tumor occurring mainly in the cerebrum, consisting mostlyof neuroglial cells
oncogenea piece of DNA that has the abiltiy to cuase a cell to become malignant
oncogenicgiving rise to tumors, especially malignant tumors
osteoblastomaa benign, rathre vascular tumor of bone characterized by the formation of osteoid tissue and primitive bone
osteogenic sarcomaa malignant primary tumor of bone composed of a malignant connective tissue stroma with evidence of malignant osteoid, bone, and/or cartilage formation
osteosarcomaosteogenic sarcoma
Paget's diseasean inflammatory cancerous affection of the areola and nipple, usually associated with carcinoma of the lactiferous ducts and deeper structures of the breast; occurs mainly in middle-aged women
palliativerefers to a form of treatment that relieves symtptoms without curing
pancytopeniadeficiency of all cell elements of teh blood; aplastic anemia
peritoneoscopyexamination of the peritoneal cavity by an instrument inserted through the abdominal wall
pheochromoytomaa well-encapsulated, lobular, vascular tumor of chromaffin tissue of the adrenal medulla or sympathetic paraganglia
pinealomaa tumor of the pineal body (glandlike structure in the brain), usually encapsulated
pituitary adenomaan edenoma of the pituitary gland
pleomorphicoccurring in various distinct forms
radiocurable tumora tumor that can be completely eliminated by radiation therapy; usually a tumor that has not metastasized
radioresistant tumora tumor that requires large doses of radiation to kill the malignant cells; the high doses of radiation may kill surrounding healthy cells
radiosensitive tumora tumor in which radiation can kill cells without doing serious damange to surrounding healthy tissue
radiosensitizersdrugs that boost the sensitivity of tumors to x-rays
reticulosarcomaa cancerous tumor of the lymphatic system
retinoblastomaa cancerous tumor of the retina
rhabdomyomaa striated muscular tissue tumor
rhabdomyosarcomaan extremely malignant neoplasm originating in skeletal muscle
sarcomacancer arising from connective tissue such as muscle or bone; may affect the bones, bladder, kidneys, liver, lungs, partoids, and spleen
scirrhous carcinomaa form of cylindrical carcinoma with a firm, hard structure
seminomaa cancerous tumor of the testis
teratocarcinomaa carcinoma thought to originate from primordial germ cells or misplaced blastomeres; contains tissues from all three embryonic layers, such as bone, muscle, cartilage, nerve, tooth buds, and various glands
teratomacongenital tumor containing one or more of the three primary embryonic germ layers
villous adenomaa large soft papillary polyp on the mucosa of the large intestine
VIPomavasoactive intestinal peptide=producing tumor pancreatic endocrine tumor
xerostomiacondition of mouth dryness caused by chemotherapy or radiation therapy

Omaha, NE

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