Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

Ancient Rome

People settled near the Tiber River around 1000 B.C. and eventually founded the city of Rome. The Romans overthrew their king and formed a republic ruled by the citizens in 509 B.C. A general named Julius Caesar took over the government and greatly expanded the empire by 48 B.C.

AlpsEurope's highest mountains, extending in an arc from the Mediterranean coast to the Balkan peninsula.
Apennine MountainsA mountain range on the Italian peninsula.
LatiumA plain on the west coast of Italy on which the city of Rome was built.
TiberA river flowing southward from north-central Italy across the Latium plain, and into the Tyrrhenian Sea.
ElevationHeight above sea leve
ProfileIn geography, a map showing a cross-section of a land surface.
Plebeiana common farmer, trader, or craftworker in ancient Rome.
PatricianA member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the Roman republic.
RepublicA form of government in which citizens elect representatives to speak or act for them.
RepresentiveA person who is elected by citizens to speak or act for them.
SenateThe lawmaking body and most powerful branch of government in ancient Rome's Republic.
TribuneAn elected leader in ancient Rome who represented the interests of the plebeians.
ConsulOne of two elected officials of the Roman Republic who commanded the army and were supreme judges.
Twelve TablesThe earliest written collection of Roman laws, drawn up by patricians about 450 B.C. that became the foundation of Roman law.
Punic WarsA series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage in the 200s B.C., ending in a victory for Rome.
LivyHistorian of the Roman Republic who wrote about the struggle between the plebeians and patricians of Rome.
HannibalGeneral of Carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome in the Second Punic War.
ScipioRome general who defeated Hannibal in the Battle of Zama, outside of Carthage, North Africa.
ForumThe city market and meeting place in the center of ancient Rome.
CarthageAn ancient city on the north coast of Africa.
Pax RomanaA period of peace for the Roman Empire that began with the rule of Augustus in about 27 B.C. and lasted around 200 years.
Civil WarAn armed conflict between groups within one country.
DictatorA ruler who has absolute power.
AqueductA high, arched structure built to carry water over long distances.
CensusA periodic count of all the people in a country, city, or other region.
GladiatorA Roman athlete, usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner of war, who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the public.
Julius Caesar100-44 B.C. Roman general who became the republic's dictator.
Cleopatra69-30 B.C. Ruler of the Egyptian government in Alexandria who backed Caesar in the civil war he waged from 49 to 45 B.C.
Augustus63 B.C.-A.D. 14 First Roman emperor; won the civil war following Julius Caesar's assassination and went on to unify the empire and establish the Pax Roman.
GaulAn ancient region and Roman province that included most of present-day France.
ColosseumA large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place.
PompeiiAn ancient city in southwestern Italy that was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79;
ChristianityA religion based on the teachings of Jesus, as recorded in the New Testament.
New TestamentThe second part of the Christian Bible, containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and of his early followers.
MessiahA special leader the Jewish people believe will be sent by God to guide them and set up God's rule on Earth. Christians believe Jesus to be the Messiah.
ParableA simple story that contains a message or truth.
ApostleOne of the 12 closest followers of Jesus, chosen by him to help him teach.
BishopA church official who leads a large group of Christians in a particular region.
PopeThe bishop, or church leader, of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church.
Jesus4? B.C.-A.D.29? Religious leader and founder of Christianity.
PeterOne of the 12 apstles of Jesus; Roman Catholics consider him to be the first pope, or bishop of Rome.
PaulFollower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world.
JudeaThe land in the easter Mediterranean region populated by Jews at the time of the Roman empire.
BethlehemA small town south of Jerusalem where Jesus is said to have been born.
NazarethA small town in northern Judea where, according to the New Testament, Jesus grew up.
Eastern Orthodox ChristianityA branch of Christianity that developed in the Byzantine Empire and that did not recognize the pope as its supreme leader.
ArchitectureThe science of planning and constructing buildings.
Roman CatholicismA branch of Christianity that developed in the western Roman empire and that recognized the Pope as its supreme head.
DiocletianRoman emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part.
ConstantineRoman emperor who founded Constantinople as the new eastern capital of the Roman empire.
PalestineRegion in southwestern Asia that became the ancient home of the Jews; the ancient Roman name for Judea.
ConstantinopleA city established as the new eastern capital of the Roman empire by the emperor Constantine in A.D. 330, now called Istanbul.

james reaves

This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber.
Learn more about Quia
Create your own activities