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Respiratory Pharmacology

Designed to test the students knowledge concerning terminology frequently associated with pharmacology

AB
AdditivityWhen two drugs both act on the same receptors and the combined effect is the sum of the two drugs' effects
AerosolSolution dispersed as a mist to be inhaled
AgonistA substance that binds to a corresponding receptor and initiates a response
AmpuleA small seealed glass or plastice container used for sterile intravenous solutions
AntagonistA substance that interferes with or opposes the action of a drug
BolusA concentrated amount of a diagnostic or therapeutic substance given rapidly IV
ContraindicationA factor that makes the use of a drug undesirable or dangerous
EfficacyThe power to produce a specific result; effectiveness
Generic nameNonproprietary name of a drug; usually a simplified version of the chemical name.
Half-lifeThe time required to change the amount of drug in the body by one-half during elimination
HypersensitivityAn allergic or immune-mediated reaction to a drug requiring airway assistance
ParenteralAdministered by other than oral route, specifically by injection
PotentiationIncreased potency created by two drugs acting together
Side effectAn undesirable effect of treatment with a drug or other form of therapy
SynergyCombined action of two or more drugs working together to produce an effect greater than any of the drugs could produce when acting alone
TachyphylaxisA rapid decrease in response to a drug
ToleranceA decreasing intensity of response to a drug over time
Trade nameBrand name of a drug, a registered trademark of the manufacturer.
TherapeuticDesired response to a drug
CummulationThe build up of a drug when the body cannot metabolize and/or excrete one dose before the next dose is administered


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