Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

Elements of the Short Story

To help students understand the elements of the short story.

antagonistthe character who opposes or actively competes with the main character
characterizationthe methods a writer uses to communicate information about characters to readers
climaxthe moment when the action comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict
complicationany obstacle that increases the tension of the story
conflictthe struggle that takes place between two opposing forces
dialoguethe actual words that characters speak
dictionthe author's choice of words, the vocabulary level of the story
dramatic ironya technique that increases suspense by letting readers know more about the situation than the characters know
falling actionthe part of the story, following the climax and leading to the resolution, in which there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension
flashbackan interruption of the sequence of a story to relate an action that happened at an earlier point in time
foreshadowingthe use of hints or clues in a story to suggest what action is to come
hyperbolean exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect
imagerythe use of selected details to describe one thing in terms of another
ironya particular tone created when the speaker intends a meaning that is opposite to the words he or she says
moodthe overall feeling created by an author's choice of words
narratorthe speaker who tells the story
omniscientwhen the author is outside the story and presents the thoughts of all the characters
point of viewthe perspective from which a story is told
protagonistthe central character of the story
resolutionthe conclusion of the story
rising actionthe part of the story where the main character struggles with his or her problem
settingthe environment in which the story takes place
structurethe framework that determines how a story is put together
stylethe characteristic ways that an individual author uses language
suspensethe element of uncertainty that leaves the reader wondering what is going to happen next
symbolan image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning
themethe underlying idea or message in a story
tonethe clues in a story that suggest the author's own attitude toward elements of his or her story
expositionbackground material about the characters, setting and dramatic situation
understatementa figure of speech in which the speaker says less than what he or she actually feels
flat charactera character who does not change much in the course of a story
round charactera character who changes as a result of the story's events

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