Alphonse Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1899. His parents were Italian immigrants. His father, Gabriele Capne, was one of 43,000 Italians who arrived in the U.S. in 1894.
Capone's father, Gabriele, brought his wife Teresina with him to this new world. Along with his wife he brought his two-year old son Vincenzo and his infant son Raffaele. The Capone family, like many other Italian families, moved to Brooklyn, New York. They lived in a tenement on 95 Navy Street, which did not have any indoor toilets or furnishing.
In 1899, Alphonse or Al Capone was born. His family continued to live in Brooklyn. Their neighborhood was a slum. Al Capone quit school after the sixth grade, he then associated himself with the notorious street gang leader Johnny Torrio. Torrio became an influential member in the Colosimo mob. In 1920, Torrio invited Capone to Chicago to join him in the Colosimo mob. The Colosimo mob invested their time in breaking the prohibition law. They also cultivated influence with receptive public officials. Torrio soon took over the Colosimo mob, when Big Jim Colosimo was violently demised. Capone was appointed Torrio's strong right arm. However, in 1925, Capone became boss when Torrio was injured in an assassination attempt, and he surrendered control and retired to Brooklyn. Capone became the most ruthless leader by reputation. He built a fearless and fearsome reputation. With this, their reputation grew as rival gangs were eliminated, and the suburb of Cicero became haven for the Capone mob.
The Capone mobs most violent incident happened in Chicago. On February 14, 1929, at the St. Valentine's Day parade, seven members of "Bugs" Moran mob were machine-gunned against a garage by Capone's mob, who were posing as police. However, Capone was in Florida at this time. This incident was called the St. Valentine's Day massacre.
On May 17, 1929, Capone and his bodyguard were arrested in Philadelphia for carrying concealed weapons. Capone was sentenced to one year in prison. Within nine months Capone was released from prison on good behavior.
On June 16, 1931, the U.S. Treasury Department developed evidence of tax evasion on Al Capone. Capone pled guilty to tax evasion and prohibition charges. However, Capone soon pleaded not guilty, after he found out that his two-and-one-half year sentance deal had been rejected.
On November 16, 1939, Capone was released. After his release, Capone never publicly retured to Chicago. He was mentally incapable of retuning to the gangland politics, because by this time he had the mentality of a 12-year old child. Capone resided in Palm Island until his death on January 25, 1947. He died at the young age of 48, his death was caused by a stroke.