arte Kat
Commedia Dell' Arte
               Theatre for the masses

-INTODUCTION

-Serious dramatic activity was limited
  -Favored only in the erudite court or noble theatre
-Profesional improvised comedy
-Started in Italy --- lasted from 16th to early 18th century--influenced drama all over Europe.
-Also known as:
  -Soggeto: Since it was acted in a pre-arranged synopsis
  -All' improviso:since the actors made up some of their speeches.
  -Dei masukiere:since most characters wore masks
  -All' italiana-since it started in Italy
-Actor worked from a plot outline but there was no set script
-Commedia Dell' Arte had a tremendous impact on later actors and playwrights such as Moliere

-CAST
 
-10-12 famous troupes
-Traveled all over Europe
-7-8 men
-3-4 women
-Most Commedia shows included these characters:
  -Two sets of lovers
  -A servent girl
  -A captain
  -Two old men
-Commedia characters were one dimensional stereotypes
-All characters were "stack types"
-Innamorate- young male lover
  -Had refined language
  -Beautifully dressed
  -Did not wear a masks
-Innamorata- young female lover
  -Same as the Innamorate except she is a female
-Fontesca-servent girl
  -Clever, high-spirited flirt
  -Did not wear a mask
-Zanni- comic male servent
  -Good at ad-libbing
  -Good at acrobatics
  -Either a dullard (dunce) or a clever prankster
  -Wore a mask
-Old man
  -Competes romantically with his own son
  -Deceived by his young wife
  -Is a overly protective father guarding his young daughters from suitors.
  -Wore a mask
- Characters were unchanging and typical of each Commeia preformance

-COSTUMES

-Old man-dressed in a black coat with flowing sleeves, a red vest, and pantaloons/breeches
-All other characters wore costumes of different Italian towns/provinces except "straight" parts(lovers), who wore contemporary dress

-Actions

-Movement
  -style required acrobatic ability, flexibility, and rapid activity
-Occasionally, graceful dances were prefromed
-Voice
  -Requirements:
   -Clear articulation
   -Effective vocal production
   -Rapid tempo
   -Considerable vocal variety
  -Added jokes, songs, proverbs, and speeches at random, and commen random matters whenever comvenient.
-Diologue and action for commedia characters were almost totally improvisation.

-PLOT

-Plots almost always involved comic intrigues in which fathers put obstacles in the way of their children's romances.
-Servents were important characters (often involved in matchmaking.)
-Comic stage business was called lazzi
-Comic verbal jokes were called burla
-Almost 800 scenerios exist in outline form today
-It is virtually impossible to obtain the actual quality of commedia preformance since we have little information concerning it.
Last updated  2008/09/28 08:24:57 PDTHits  301