Commedia Dell' Arte
Theatre for the masses
-Serious dramatic activity was limited
-Favored only in the erudite court or noble theatre
-Profesional improvised comedy
-Started in Italy --- lasted from 16th to early 18th century--influenced drama all over Europe.
-Also known as:
-Soggeto: Since it was acted in a pre-arranged synopsis
-All' improviso:since the actors made up some of their speeches.
-Dei masukiere:since most characters wore masks
-All' italiana-since it started in Italy
-Actor worked from a plot outline but there was no set script
-Commedia Dell' Arte had a tremendous impact on later actors and playwrights such as Moliere
-10-12 famous troupes
-Traveled all over Europe
-Most Commedia shows included these characters:
-Two sets of lovers
-A servent girl
-Two old men
-Commedia characters were one dimensional stereotypes
-All characters were "stack types"
-Innamorate- young male lover
-Had refined language
-Did not wear a masks
-Innamorata- young female lover
-Same as the Innamorate except she is a female
-Clever, high-spirited flirt
-Did not wear a mask
-Zanni- comic male servent
-Good at ad-libbing
-Good at acrobatics
-Either a dullard (dunce) or a clever prankster
-Wore a mask
-Competes romantically with his own son
-Deceived by his young wife
-Is a overly protective father guarding his young daughters from suitors.
-Wore a mask
- Characters were unchanging and typical of each Commeia preformance
-Old man-dressed in a black coat with flowing sleeves, a red vest, and pantaloons/breeches
-All other characters wore costumes of different Italian towns/provinces except "straight" parts(lovers), who wore contemporary dress
-style required acrobatic ability, flexibility, and rapid activity
-Occasionally, graceful dances were prefromed
-Effective vocal production
-Considerable vocal variety
-Added jokes, songs, proverbs, and speeches at random, and commen random matters whenever comvenient.
-Diologue and action for commedia characters were almost totally improvisation.
-Plots almost always involved comic intrigues in which fathers put obstacles in the way of their children's romances.
-Servents were important characters (often involved in matchmaking.)
-Comic stage business was called lazzi
-Comic verbal jokes were called burla
-Almost 800 scenerios exist in outline form today
-It is virtually impossible to obtain the actual quality of commedia preformance since we have little information concerning it.
|Last updated 2008/09/28 08:24:57 PDT||Hits 301|