bracetech7 Mrs. Brace
Templeton Middle School  

Computer Technology 7
Week Twenty One – Finals Week

Monday  01/29
- Review all vocabulary for final test, proper key strokes
- Catch Up Day

Tuesday 01/30  
- Review all vocabulary for final test, proper key strokes
- Catch Up Day
- Final Schedule (adjusted times) 
- 7th Period Final Exam

Wednesday 01/31/01
- Catch Up Day
- Final Schedule (adjusted times) 
- 6th  Period Final Exam
- 5th Period Final Exam

Thursday 01/02
- Catch Up Day
- Final Schedule (Adjusted Times)
- 4th Period Final Exam
- 3rd Period Final Exam

Friday 01/02
- Catch Up Day
- Final Schedule (Adjusted Times)
- 2nd Period Final Exam
- 1st Period Final Exam

The vocabulary list for the final is listed below.

Week One
1.QWERTY -  Name for standard keyboard - the top row of keys.
2.Density - A measure of the amount of data that can be stored on a disk (impacted by the number of sectors and tracks on the disk).
3.Default - Standard setting or action taken by hardware or software if the user hasn’t specified otherwise.
4.Ergonomics - Fitting the workplace and the equipment to the needs of the individual.
5.Input/Output Devices - Keyboard, Scanner, Mouse are input devices/Monitor and Printer are output devices.
Week Two
1.Integrity - Strict personal code of honesty and independence.
2.Patent - A grant made by a government to an inventor protecting the inventor’s rights.
3.Virus - Software used to infect a computer.
4.Encryption/Encipher - Encoding data for security purposes.  It must be decoded to use.
5.Copyright - Laws protecting the rights of originators of books, plays, publications, videos, software, and other “intellectual properties.”  The original copyright is good for 28 years, renewable for 28 more years.
Week Three
1.File - An organized collection of records having a common feature or purpose.
2.Margin - The blank area above, below and to the sides of text.
3.Edit - To make changes to existing text.
4.Select - To highlight text for the act of editing.
5.Orientation - The way print will appear on paper.  With Portrait Orientation the document prints vertically (the default setting).  When in Landscape Orientation, the document prints sideways (also called horizontal).  This document is printed in Portrait Orientation.
Week Four
1.Document - A page, or pages, created in a word processing system.
2.Copy and Paste - To make a duplicate of the original text in another part of the same document or in another file.
3.Cut and Paste - To move a block of text from one part of a document to another or from one file to another.
4.Gutter - The white space between two facing pages of a book or newspaper.
5.Widow/Orphan - A single line from a paragraph at the top(Widow), or bottom(Orphan), of a page.
Week Five
1.Draft Copy - A first copy of a document that will be corrected prior to the final version of the document.  Normally keyed double spaced.
2.Acronym - A word formed from the initial letter or letters in a name or phrase (IBM).
3.Parse - To analyze a sentence or language statement-breaks down words into functional units that can be converted into machine language.
4.Kerning - Where each character overlaps into some of the space of the other for improved appearance.
5.Subscript / Superscript - Text is formatted so that it is positioned slightly below / above a line of type.
Week Six
1.Abacus - A manual computing device invented about 4600 years ago.
2. Vacuum Tube - Associated with First Generation computers.  Today’s monitor and TV screens are big vacuum tubes.
3.Transistor - Associated with Second Generation computers.  The transistor was invented by AT&T’s Bell Labs in 1947.
4.Integrated Circuit - Associated with Third Generation computers.  Thousands of transistors and other components were combined in one unit.
5.Chip - Associated with current, or Fourth Generation computers.  Millions of transistors and other components are placed on a tiny silicon chip.
Week Seven
1.Input - The process of moving information into a computer.
2.Memory - Memory stores information coded in a binary format.
3.Information Processing - The process of manipulating stored data.
4.Output -  Information coming out of a computer.  It might be text, sound, graphics, or video.
5Microprocessor Functions:
Fetch - To get a piece of information, such as an instruction or data, from a computer memory.
Decode -Translation of information from code into a different symbol system, such as the characters we use in writing.
Execute - To carry out an instruction.
Week Eight
1.Conductor - Capable of passing, or conducting, electrical current.
2.Semiconductor - A special material that conducts electricity only under certain conditions.  An example is silicon.
3.Source - Where electrons enter the transistor.
4.Gate - The part of the transistor that controls whether electrons are flowing or not.
5.Drain - Where electrons exit a transistor.
Week Nine
1.Silicon - Base material used in chips --- the second most abundant element on earth.
2.DIP (Dual In-Line Package) - Common rectangular chip housing with leads (pins) on both sides of the rectangle.
3.Wafer - A thin salami-like slice from a silicon crystal from about 3 to 12 inches in diameter.
4.Streets - The name for the thin vertical and horizontal lines between the chips on a wafer before the wafer is cut.  The lines are named streets after the way streets are laid out in Manhattan, New York.
5. Motherboard - The main printed circuit board in a computer.  Smaller boards or cards plug into slots on the Motherboard. 
Week Ten
1.RAM (Random Access Memory) -Working memory - it is lost when power is shut off.
2.ROM (Read Only Memory) - Permanent memory - comes from factory.
3.Memory Allocation - Memory is reserved for a specific purpose.
4.Cache  - Pronounced cash, this is a reserved section of memory used to improve computer performance.
5.Storage Devices - Disks, tapes and other non-internal memory devices.

Week Eleven
1.Pixel - Smallest element on a video display screen.
2.Mickey - Unit of mouse movement measurement (typically 1/200th of an inch).
3.Bit (BInary digiT) -  A physical memory cell.  Like a light bulb, a bit is either on or off.
4.Byte - Made up of eight bits, a byte is the equivalent of one alphanumeric character.
5. Space, Time and Sizes:
The following words are used with bits, bytes and cycles (hertz):
Kilo - Thousand (1,000)
Mega - Million (1,000,000)
Giga - Billion (1,000,000,000)
Tera - Trillion (1,000,000,000,000)
Peta - Quadrillion (1,000,000,000,000,000)
The following words are used with time (seconds):
Milli - One Thousandth (1/1,000)
Micro - One Millionth (1/1,000,000)
Nano - One Billionth (1/1,000,000,000)
Pico - One Trillionth (1/1,000,000,000,000)
Femto - One Quadrillionth ( 1/1,000,000,000,000,000)
The following words are used to measure transistor elements on a chip:
Micron - One Millionth of a meter or about 1/25,000 of an inch.
Angstroms - Ten thousand Angstroms equal one Micron.
Week Twelve
1.Binary - A coding system consisting of 0’s and 1’s.  Binary means two.
2.Sequential - One after another in some consecutive order, such as by name or number.
3. Contiguous - Adjacent to or touching.
4.ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) - A common seven bit binary code providing 128 possible character combinations.
5.Parity Bit - The eighth bit of a byte, used to detect errors in transmission of information.
Week Thirteen
1. Cyberspace - The futuristic network - The Net, etc.
2.Netiquette - The etiquette you should use when sending E-Mail on the Internet.
3.Hypertext Links - Links that take the reader to another place on the Web--- somewhere else on the same page, to a different page at the same site, or to a new Web site).
4.Home Page - The first document screen that appears when you follow a link to a Web Server address.
5.HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) - A protocol, or language format, used to access Web locations.
Week Fourteen
1.Optical Fiber - Thin glass “wires” capable of transmitting billions of bits of information per second.
2.LASER (Light Amplification from the Simulated Emission of Radiation) - Used to transmit light pulses over optical fibers.
3.Bi-directional - The ability to move, transfer, or transmit in both directions.
4.Bit Rate - The transmission rate of binary coded data.
5.Error Rate - The number of erroneous (bad or defective) data units being sent, divided by the total number of data units being sent.

Week Fifteen
1.Bus - A common channel between hardware devices (the blue cable in the Lab).
2.LAN (Local Area Network) - A communications network that serves users within a confined geographic area (like the Lab).
3.File Server - High speed computer in a LAN that stores the programs and files shared by the network users.
4.Protocol - A rule or agreement for network communications procedures.
5.Packet - A chunk of “compressed” data sent over various “most available” paths.
Week Sixteen
1.Telecommuting - Working out of the home with a computer, phone line and Fax/MODEM.  Estimates are that 15 million  Americans will be telecommuting by the year 2000.
2.Road Warriors - Nick name for people engaged in marketing and similar careers who now work out of their cars and no longer work in offices.  Typical gear includes a cell phone, a lap top computer, wireless fax and Internet capabilities.
3.Programmer - A person who designs and develops computer programs.
4.WEB Marketing - The WEB will become a major retail sales market in the future providing unlimited opportunities for those who have great ideas and technical savvy.
5.Consultant - Those who posses the right technical skills can design their own careers providing needed advice to others who do not possess the same level of technical understanding.
Week Seventeen
1.Robotics - The art and science of designing robots.
2.Virtual Reality - Artificial reality where the computer projects the user into three- dimensional space
3.Imaging - High resolution x-ray technology will lead to advances in medicine, construction and many other fields.
4.CAD (Computer Aided Design) - Software that allows designer to use a computer to design structures and products.  Designs can often be viewed in sections and in 3D.
5.CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) - Software that allows a computer to turn a finished CAD design into instructions that will tell machines how to produce the designed product.
My Quia activities and quizzes
Vocabulary Matching
Week Three Vocabulary
Jumble Tech
Vocabulary Matching
Vocabulary weeks 5 and 6
Vocabulary Jeopardy
Last updated  2008/09/28 08:54:43 PDTHits  267