business1
+English English Teacher
 
Past continuous (an action in progress in the past) vs. Simple past (a completed action)
Complete these sentences:
I was going to invest in stocks, but I changed my mind.
The company was running out of money, and it borrowed $135,000.
When she was working on the budget, the boss gave her a cash incentive.
The firm was getting more business when it hired new employees.
He was considering precious metals investments, but their prices increased very fast.
The installations were becoming so small that the factory had to buy new ones.
The CEO drastically modified the policies, when the company was going bankrupt.
The Central Bank issued more cash when interest rates were soffocating the economy.

Complete the conversation with the correct words or phrases:
Alex: How did you get your first job, Paola?
Paola: Well, I (got/was getting) a summer job in an accounting company while I (studied/was studying) at the unversity.
Alex: No, I mean your first full-time job.
Paola: But that is how I got my first full-time job. I (worked/was working) during the summer when the manager (offered/was offering) me a job after graduation.
Alex: Wow. That’s lucky. Did you like the job?
Paola: Well, I did at first, but then things changed. I (did/was doing) the same thing every day, but they (didn’t give/weren’t giving) me any responsibility. I (got/was getting) really bored when another company (asked/was asking) me to work for them.

I ................................. (go) to invest in stocks, but I ...................... (change) my mind.
The company ................................. (run) out of money, and it ......................... (borrow) $135,000.
When she .................................... (work) on the budget, the boss ........................(give) her a cash incentive.
The firm ................................ (get) more business when it ............................ (hire) new employees.
He ........................................ (consider) precious metals investments, but their prices ................................. (increase) very fast.
The installations .............................................. (become) so small that the factory ............................ (hvae) to buy new ones.
The CEO drastically ................................... (modify) the policies, when the company ............................. (go) bankrupt.
The Central Bank ............................... (issue) more cash when interest rates ................................(soffocate) the economy.

Present perfect continuous for actions that start in the past and continue into the present.
What is the factory producing this year? It has been producing coffee-picking machines.
What has the treasurer been doing this semester? She has been tightening the cash-flow.
Have you been lending money these days? Yes, I have. I have been lending at high interest rates.
Has the boss been controlling expenses? No, he hasn’t. He delegated that to the treasurer.
Have the revenues been getting any better? Sure, the CEO has been getting new contracts.
Has the firm been loosing money? No, it hasn’t. In fact, it has been making a large profit.

Ted: I’ve been working a lot and trying to borrow some money.
Sue: Have you been lending at low rates?
Ted: No, I haven’t been lending. I’ve been qualifying the new prospects.
Sue: Really? Have you been making a lot of profit?
Ted: No, I’ve been losing money with accounts that are hard to collect. But I am still in business. How about  
         you? Have you been getting large revenues?
Sue: No, I haven’t been getting any. But I have been trying hard.
Ted: Have you been working overtime?
Sue: I’ve been working evenings and weekends.

Present and Past Participles as adjectives
I find the stockmarket challenging.
I thought the new merchandise would be exciting.
It’s surprising they don’t sell at lower prices.
Carrefour is a new and amazing retail operation.
New investments through the Internet are fascinating.
They are interested in the new branch office.
Some staff personnel are bored with routine chores.
She returned very tired from her trip abroad.
Business trips abroad can be tiring.
The stockholders were amazed with this year’s stock yields.

Relative clauses: who/that for people
which/that for things
Bavaria is a company ...................................................................................
Adila Lulle is a famous financier .....................................................................
The fishing industry is a part of the economy...............................................................
Mining in Colombia is an industry .....................................................................

Who is Bill Gates?
He is the founder of a company. This company produces software for personal computers.
Did you visit the International Trade Fair in Hong Kong?
Yes! It was a great fair. It led to many new business opportunities.
Have you been to Shanghai?
Yes, it is a shopping paradise. It has a great diversity of inexpensive products.
What is the new offer about?
It’s about small business software packages. They help you run your company more efficiently.

Modals and adverbs:
The company stocks may go up in price. Maybe the company stocks will go up in price.
It could lead a price increase. Perhaps it will increase the price.
You must have the balance sheet ready. You probably need the income statement ready.

Choose the correct responses:
A: I think that organization will collapse. B: (Oh, I do, too)   (I don’t like it, either)
A: His new partner looks dumb. B: (Yeah, I think so, too)   (I don’t like him either)
A: It’s weird that they didn’t purchase it. B: (I know. It’s really wonderful)   (I know. It’s strange)
A: I thing she is an outstanding CEO. B: (Yeah, she’s horrible)   (Yeah, she’s excellent)
A: The price drop was a stupid move. B: (Yeah, it was silly)   (Yeah, it was bizarre)

Rewrite these sentences. Use who or which.
Compuware are computer products that have been very successful.
The Audit is a firm that helps you organize your own.
He is the manager that improved the production line.
She is the one that has been investing in real estate.
That is the factory that produced plastic bags.
That is the person that told me about the discounted lots.
Last updated  2016/10/28 09:13:26 EDTHits  250