cdr Mr. Reed
World Atlas Questions

1. What is the world's largest island? pg.34   Answer Greenland
2. Because it's people are a mixture from all over the world the United States has been called? pg.34 Answer A melting pot
3. Brazil is located in on what continent? pg.36 South America
4. What is the main language of Brazil today? pg. 36 Portuguese
5. Which continent is a huge peninsula? pg.38 Europe
6.What is the largest continent? pg.40 Answer Asia
7. What is the second largest continent? pg.42 Answer Africa
8. The  equator passes through the middle of what continent? Answer Africa
9. Nairobi is the capitalof what country? Answer Kenya
10.What is the smallest continent? Answer Australia pg.44
11.Where are the Pygmies found? Answer Africa's Rainforest pg.42
12.Who are the Aborigines? Answer Dark skinned people who came to Australia about 40,000 years ago pg.44
13.What is the world longest river Answer The Nile pg.42
14.The Nile is the world's longest river Answer T pg.42
15.Africa is the largest continent Answer F pg.40
16.Nairobi is the capital of Kenya Answer T pg. 43
17.The main language spoken in Brazil is Spainsh Answer F pg. 36
18.The United States has been called the melting Pot Answer T pg.34
19.Half of South America's people llive in Brazil Answer T pg.36
20.Asia is actually a huge peninsula Answer F pg.T pg.38
21.Aborigines reside in Africa Answer F pg.44
22.European immigrants and Aborigines makeup Australia's population Answer T pg.44
23.Maldives is the smallest country in Asia Answer T pg.40
24.About 50 different languages are spoken in Europe Answer T pg.38
25.There are hundreds of different ethnic groups in Africa Answer T pg.43
26.Pygmies are very tall people Answer F pg.42
27.There are only Black people that live in Africa Answer pg.43
28.India is located on the continent of Asia T pg.40
29.In many European countries more than one language is spoken Answer T pg.38
30.A great number of Europeans speak Engllish Answer pg.38
31.The United States is located on the continent of North America Answer T pg.34
32.Mexico is located in South America Answer F pg.34
33.Canada is located in North America Answer T pg.34
34.Billions of people live on the earth Answer T pg.33
35.The first known map dated back to the 16 century F pg.94
36.Claudius Ptolemy was the greatest mapmaker of the ancient world Answer T pg.94
37.The oldest known map is on a clay tablet found in Iraq Answer T pg.94
38.___ is the second largest continent Answer pg.42
39.Many___ different kinds of people inhabit Africa Answer pg.42
40.Indonesia is on the continent of ____ Answer pg.40
41._____ is often called the birthplace of Western civilization. Answer pg.38
42.____ has three official languages and four national languages. Answer pg.38
43.____was ingabited by millions of American Indians for about 15,000 years before the first Europeans arrived. Answer pg.36
44.More than 70% of the earth's land surface is made up of_____. Answer pg.10
45.About 1/5 of the earth's land surface is made up of___ Answer pg.12
46._____and streams are bodies of water that fow through land in long passages called_____.Answer pg.14
47.A river often begins high on a _______.Answer pg.14
48.Ocean water is _____.Answer pg.10
49._____,_____, and bogs are known as the earth's wetlands.Answer pg.18
50.About 1/7 of the earth's land is covered by_____.Answer pg.22

                      Maps and Globes
                Integrated Social Studies Unit

                       Second Grade

Table of Contents

Background Information ............................   1

Objectives ........................................   2

Initiation ........................................   3
List of Materials Needed For Unit .................   4

Daily Lesson Plans ................................   5-9

Evaluation ........................................   10

Bibliography ......................................   11

Page 1
                  Background Information

    This unit was designed to give students an understanding of directions, map symbols, and basic mapping skills. It begins with an activity introducing common directional words. In succeeding activities, students learn to read and complete a map, and then design their own map of the classroom using symbols to represent various objects.
An activity on the continents familiarizes with a world map.
I taught this unit to my second grade class at Polk Elementary. The children loved standing on a table to see what a bird would see, helping make a classroom map out of a shower curtain, and making their own classroom map out of graham crackers and candy.
    The second part of this unit focused on the seven continents. I taught a lesson on each continent. Sometimes we would read children's literature from that culture. To introduce Africa and Asia, I had a couple of friends who spent some time there, come and teach the children about the culture and customs oc the place and people. The children thought this was incredible! They asked superb questions like, "What do they eat there?" or "What kine of houses do they live in?" The children were very interested in the different cultures. I read them a fantastic book "Whoever You Are" by Mem Fox. I would recommend it to everyone. It teaches about how we are different, but we are all the same!

Page 2


1. Students will become familiar with directional words and their placement on an illustration of a globe.
2. Students will create their own map symbols.
3. By following directions students learn several components of a map.
4. Students will use simple geometric symbols and observational skills to complete their own classroom map.
5. Students will locate the North and South poles on a globe.
6. Students will also show that they have learned the names and location of the seven continents.
7. Students will be able to use a classroom map.
8. Students will use colors and symbols to read a physical map.

Page 3


To introduce this unit I will invite small groups to take turns performing an impromtu rasio commercial about their community. Each child in the group could discuss a different aspect of the community, such as the weather, the news, or interesting things to do and see.

I will see how much the children know by having them categorize the following statements as true or false. Then discuss what they are interested in learning more about.

1. _______ You can drive your car to an island.

2. _______ Suburbs can be different sizes.

I will also introduce vocabulary by using a geography word web.

Page 4

List of Materials Needed:

Cut out continents

Styrofoam balls


Continent map



Page 5

Lesson Plans

Topic: Learn From A Picture and a Map


1. Distinguish between eye-level and aerial views of identical sites.

2. Recognize that maps are drawn from an aerial view.


Book bag
Toy car


Students will observe several objects from different perspectives.They will also work in groups to create simple 3-D scenes on tabletops.

Major Instructional Sequence:

1. Arrange several items, such as a book, a book bag, a box of crayons, and a toy car on a desk or table.
2. Invite children to sit so they are viewing the items at eye level.
3. Have them talk about what they see.Then arrrange the items similarly on the floor.
4. Ask children to stand so they are viewing the items from above and to talk about what they see.
5. Have the children compare the two views by putting their fingers on the part they can see of each object.

Students will observe a map of a neighborhood on a transparency of an aerial view.They will make a list of the places they see in the map. The students will discuss why certain places where included on the map.

Page 6

Lesson Plan

Topic: Create A Map

1. Identify a map by its title.
2. Use symbols in a map key to identify places on a map.
3. Use cardinal directions to describe locations on a map.

Materials needed:

Colored pencils
Assorted objects of different sizes and shapes

Review vocabulary and ask children to recall what they know about maps.Explain to children that a symbol is a drawing that stand for something.

Major Instructional Sequence:

1. Introduce vocabulary.
2. Write the words sunshine and rain on the board.
3. Provide children with drawing paper, and iinvite them to draw a picture to represent each word.
4. Explain that their drawings are symbols for the words on the board.
5. Provide each child with a copy of a map.
6. Invite children to create a map of a new community. They should use different symbols for each item listed in the map key.
7. Students should name their community.

Children will draw symbols in the map key on an activity sheet and design their own symbols.

Page 7

Lesson Plan

Topic: Identify A Map By Its' Title

1.Identify a map by its title.
2.Use symbols in a map key to identify places on a map.

Materials Needed:

Wall Map
National newspaper showing a five-day weather forecast
Construction paper
Double-sided tape

Students will preview the weather channel for about 5-Minutes.

Major Instructutional Sequence:

1. Invite children to be weather reporters for an imaginery TV news station.
2. Organize the class into cooperative groups.Ask one group to read the weather section in a national newspaper and write down the five-day forecast.
3. Ask another group to create a variety of weather symbols, showing clouds, sunshine, rain, wind, snow, and so on.
4. Other children can color the symbols, cut them out, and put double-sided tape on the back.
5. Ask a volunteer to make a map key by drawing the different weather symbols on a sheet of drawing paper and writing what each one means.
5. Attach the map key to the bottom of a United States Map.

Page 8

Lesson Plan

Topic: Find Land and Water On A Map

1. Use colors and symbols to read a physical map.
2. Distinguish land and water on a map.

Materials Needed:

Map showing several bodies of water
Blue yarn
Blue construction paper scissors


Display a large physical map, and ask children how they can tell the difference between land and water on a map.

Major Instructional Sequence:

1. Distribute a black-and-white copy of the map to each child. (If possible use a local map).
2. Ask children to locate water areas on the map. Then invite them to cut and paste the blue yarn and construction paper to cover the water areas.
3. Display the color version of the map.

Children will look at a United States Map.Children should note the three major rivers that flow throught the plains on their maps.Students will answer questions by using the map key.

Page 9

Lesson Plan

Topic: Use A Globe

1. Define continent, globe, and equator.
2. Compare a map and a globe.
3. Identify and locate the oceans and continents on a globe.
4. Find the equator and poles on a globe.

Materials Needed:

Tracing paper
Large globe

Play a game using a world map and a globe. Ask one child to give a clue about a continent, an ocean, a pole, or the equator. For example: Where is an ocean that begins with A?

Others try to identify this place, first on the map and then on the globe.

Major Instructional Sequence:

1. Organize the class into small groups.
2. Have each group member trace one of the continents from the globe steady. Challenge children to identify each continent as it is traced.
3. Have group members cut out their continents and arrange them on a sheet of posterboard to create a flat map.
4.Then have them tape their pages to the posterboard and retrace the continents with colored markers.
Last updated  2008/09/28 10:14:28 PDTHits  923